breadth and specialization. A major in a very broad area might not provide the specific skills needed to land a job. Conversely, over specialization can be perilous; today's hot technology could be outmoded in 5 years. An engineer with a narrow base of education, such as an exclusive focus on aeronautical engineering, might be more vulnerable to job-market changes than one with a more-general degree, such as mechanical or electrical engineering.

Undergraduates: Early Perspectives

Many undergraduates have little idea what kind of career they can anticipate. If you as mentor are happy and successful in what you do, it might be natural to encourage a student to follow in your footsteps. Remember, however, that each student is unique and needs to be encouraged to select the most-appropriate path for him or her. Avoid the



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