temptation to treat students as "clones" of yourself (see box "Good Mentoring: Being Flexible").

One challenge for many mentors is to stay current on employment trends in their field, especially if they have worked on campus for many years. You can monitor major trends with a small investment of time by visiting some of the on line sites mentioned in "Resources." And you can investigate the local career-planning center and your institution's alumni network. Encourage students to visit workplaces, to arrange to "shadow" people on the job, and to find off-campus internships and summer placements. There is no substitute for practical experience in learning what one is good at, what a field is like, and what scientists and engineers actually do.

When a student has trouble articulating goals, be pa-



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