American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). (1989). *Science for all Americans**.* Washington, DC: Oxford University Press.

American Federation of Teachers and the National Center for Improving Science Education. (1997). *What students abroad are expected to know about mathematics**.* Washington, DC: Author.

Andrews, G. A. (1997). Commentary on assessment standards for school mathematics. *Notices of the American Mathematical Society**.* *44(4)**,* 458-462.

Ball, D. L. (1997). Developing mathematics reform: What don't we know about teacher learning but would make good working hypotheses. In S. N. Freil & G. W. Bright (Eds.), *Reflecting on our work: NSF teacher enhancement in K-6 mathematics* (pp. 77-112). Lanham, MD: University Press of America.

Bass, H. (1997). Mathematicians as educators. *Notices of the American Mathematical Society**,* *44(1)**,* 18-21.

Black, P, & Atkin, J. M. (Eds.). (1996). *Changing the subject: Innovations in science, mathematics, and technology education**.* London and USA: Routledge.

Bybee, R. W (Ed.). (1996). *National standards and the science curriculum: Challenges, opportunities, and recommendations**.* Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.

Bybee, R. W. (1997). *A strategy for standards-based reform of science and mathematics education**.* Unpublished manuscript.

Campbell, P (1995). *Project IMPACT: Increasing the mathematics power for all children and teachers (Phase I, Final Report)**.* College Park, MD: Center for Mathematics Education, University of Maryland, College Park.

Cobb, P, Wood, T., Yackel, E., Nichols, J., Wheatley, G., Trigatti, B., & Perlwitz, M. (1991). Assessment of a problem-centered second-grade mathematics project. *Journal for Research in Mathematics Education**,* *22**,* 3-29.

Cohen, D. (1990). A revolution in one classroom: The case of Mrs. Oublier. *Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis**,* *12(3)**,* 311-329.

Cohen, D. K., & Hill, H. (1997). *Instructional policy classroom performance: The mathematics reform in California**.* Unpublished manuscript, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Collins, A. (1995). *National science education standards* in the United States: A process and a product. *Studies in Science Education**,* *26**,* 7-37.

Connecticut Academy for Education in Mathematics, Science, and Technology. (1996). *The case for more time and better use of time in Connecticut schools**.* Middletown, CT: Author.

Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE). (1996). *Public policy and school reform**.* Philadelphia, PA: Author.

Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO). (1996a). *Key state education policies on K-12 education content standards, graduation, teacher licensure, time and attendance**.* Washington, DC: Author.

Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO). (1996b). *State student assessment programs database for the 1994-95 school year* Washington, DC: Author.

Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO). (1997a). *Mathematics and science content standards and curriculum frameworks: States' progress on development and implementation**.* Washington, DC: Author.

Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO). (1997b). *SCASS science project: Consensus guideline for science assessment**.* Washington, DC: Author.

Diegmueller, K. (1996, August 7). By AFT standards, only 15 states deserve passing grade. *Education Week**,* *(15)* 41, 1.

Elmore, R. F (1996). Getting to scale with good educational practice. *Harvard Educational Review**,* *66(1)**,* 1-26.

Ferrini-Mundy, J. (1997). Reform efforts in mathematics education: Reckoning with the realities. In S. N. Freil & G. W. Bright (Eds.), *Reflecting on our work: NSF teacher enhancement in K-6 mathematics* (pp. 113-132). Lanham, MD: University Press of America.

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Improving Student Learning in Mathematics and Science: The Role of National Standards in State Policy
References
American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). (1989). Science for all Americans. Washington, DC: Oxford University Press.
American Federation of Teachers and the National Center for Improving Science Education. (1997). What students abroad are expected to know about mathematics. Washington, DC: Author.
Andrews, G. A. (1997). Commentary on assessment standards for school mathematics. Notices of the American Mathematical Society. 44(4), 458-462.
Ball, D. L. (1997). Developing mathematics reform: What don't we know about teacher learning but would make good working hypotheses. In S. N. Freil & G. W. Bright (Eds.), Reflecting on our work: NSF teacher enhancement in K-6 mathematics (pp. 77-112). Lanham, MD: University Press of America.
Bass, H. (1997). Mathematicians as educators. Notices of the American Mathematical Society, 44(1), 18-21.
Black, P, & Atkin, J. M. (Eds.). (1996). Changing the subject: Innovations in science, mathematics, and technology education. London and USA: Routledge.
Bybee, R. W (Ed.). (1996). National standards and the science curriculum: Challenges, opportunities, and recommendations. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.
Bybee, R. W. (1997). A strategy for standards-based reform of science and mathematics education. Unpublished manuscript.
Campbell, P (1995). Project IMPACT: Increasing the mathematics power for all children and teachers (Phase I, Final Report). College Park, MD: Center for Mathematics Education, University of Maryland, College Park.
Cobb, P, Wood, T., Yackel, E., Nichols, J., Wheatley, G., Trigatti, B., & Perlwitz, M. (1991). Assessment of a problem-centered second-grade mathematics project. Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 22, 3-29.
Cohen, D. (1990). A revolution in one classroom: The case of Mrs. Oublier. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 12(3), 311-329.
Cohen, D. K., & Hill, H. (1997). Instructional policy classroom performance: The mathematics reform in California. Unpublished manuscript, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
Collins, A. (1995). National science education standards in the United States: A process and a product. Studies in Science Education, 26, 7-37.
Connecticut Academy for Education in Mathematics, Science, and Technology. (1996). The case for more time and better use of time in Connecticut schools. Middletown, CT: Author.
Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE). (1996). Public policy and school reform. Philadelphia, PA: Author.
Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO). (1996a). Key state education policies on K-12 education content standards, graduation, teacher licensure, time and attendance. Washington, DC: Author.
Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO). (1996b). State student assessment programs database for the 1994-95 school year Washington, DC: Author.
Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO). (1997a). Mathematics and science content standards and curriculum frameworks: States' progress on development and implementation. Washington, DC: Author.
Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO). (1997b). SCASS science project: Consensus guideline for science assessment. Washington, DC: Author.
Diegmueller, K. (1996, August 7). By AFT standards, only 15 states deserve passing grade. Education Week, (15) 41, 1.
Elmore, R. F (1996). Getting to scale with good educational practice. Harvard Educational Review, 66(1), 1-26.
Ferrini-Mundy, J. (1997). Reform efforts in mathematics education: Reckoning with the realities. In S. N. Freil & G. W. Bright (Eds.), Reflecting on our work: NSF teacher enhancement in K-6 mathematics (pp. 113-132). Lanham, MD: University Press of America.

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