Hines, C.O. 1960 . Internal atmospheric gravity waves at ionospheric heights , Canadian Journal of Physics , 38 : 1441-1481 .

Hines, C.O. 1974 . The upper atmosphere in motion: A selection of papers with annotation , Geophys. Monogr. , 18 . American Geophysical Union ,

Huang, C.-S. and M.C. Kelley . 1996 . Nonlinear evolution of equatorial spread F: 3. Plasma bubbles generated by structured electric fields , J. Geophys. Res. , 101(A1) : 303-313 .

Kelley, M.C. 1985 . Large amplitude thermospheric oscillations induced by an earthquake , Geophys. Res. Lett. 12(9) : 577-580 .

Kelley, M.C. 1989 . The Earth's Ionosphere: Plasma Physics and Electrodynamics . San Diego : Academic Press .

Kelley, M.C. and C.A. Miller . 1997 . The electrodynamics of mid-latitude spread F: 3. Electrobuoyancy waves? A new look at the role of electric fields and thermospheric gravity waves , J. Geophys. Res. , in press .

Kelley, M.C. , M.F. Larsen , C. LaHoz , and . 1981 . Gravity wave initiation of equatorial spread F: A case study , J. Geophys. Res. , 86(A11) : 9087-9100 .

Mathews, J.D. , Q. Zhou , C.R. Philbrick , Y.T. Morton , and C.S. Gardner . 1993 . Observations of ion and sodium layer coupled processes during AIDA , J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. , 55(3) : 487-498 .

Mendillo, M. , J. Baumgardner , D. Nottingham , J. Aarons , B. Reinisch , J. Scali , and M. Kelley , 1997 . Investigations of thermospheric-ionospheric dynamics with 6300-Å images from the Arecibo Observatory , J. Geophys. Res. , 102(A4) : 7331-7344 .

National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Weather . 1995 . New York : Chanticleer Press, Inc.

Röttger, J. 1981 . Equatorial spread-F by electric fields and atmospheric gravity waves generated by thunderstorms , J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. , 43(5/6) : 453-462 .

Scannapieco, A.J. and S.L. Ossakow . 1976 . Nonlinear equatorial spread F , Geophys. Res. Lett. , 3 : 451-454 .

Shen, J.S. , W.E. Swartz , D.T. Farley , and R.M. Harper . 1976 . Ionization layers in the nighttime E region valley above Arecibo , J. Geophys. Res. , 81 : 5517 .

Taylor, M.J. and F.J. Garcia . 1995 . A two-dimensional spectral analysis of short period gravity waves imaged in the OI (557.7 nm) and near infra red OH nightglow emissions over Arecibo, Puerto Rico , Geophys. Res. Lett. , 22(18) : 2473-2476 .

Thomas, G.E. 1996 . Is the polar mesosphere the miner's canary of global change? Adv. Space Res. , 18(3) : 149-158 .

Tinsely, B.A. , R.P. Rohrbaugh , W.B. Hanson , and A.L. Broadfoot . 1997 . Images of transequatorial F region bubbles in 630- and 777-nm emissions compared with satellite measurements , J. Geophys. Res. , 102(A2) : 2057-2077 .

Trowbridge, C.C. 1907 . On atmospheric currents at very great altitudes , Monthly Weather Review , 35 : 390-397 .

von Zahn, U. and W. Meyer . 1989 . Mesopause temperatures in polar summer , J. Geophys. Res. , 94 : 14647 .

Witt, G. 1957 . Noctilucent cloud observations , Tellus , 9(3) : 365-371 .

Yeh, K.C. and C.H. Liu . 1974 . Acoustic-gravity waves in the upper atmosphere , Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. , 12 : 193 .

FURTHER READING

Chapman, S. and R.S. Lindzen . 1970 . Atmospheric Tides: Thermal and Gravitational . New York : Gordon & Breach .

Kelley, M.C. 1989 . The Earth's Ionosphere: Plasma Physics and Electrodynamics . San Diego : Academic Press .

Kelley, M.C. 1994 . Plasma: The fourth state of matter , The New Encyclopedia Britannica, Macropedia , 23 : 665 .

Kivelsen, M. and C. Russell . 1995 . Introduction to Space Plasma Physics . New York : Cambridge University Press .



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ASPECTS OF WEATHER AND SPACE WEATHER IN THE EARTH'S UPPER ATMOSPHERE: THE ROLE OF INTERNAL ATMOSPHERIC WAVES Hines, C.O. 1960 . Internal atmospheric gravity waves at ionospheric heights , Canadian Journal of Physics , 38 : 1441-1481 . Hines, C.O. 1974 . The upper atmosphere in motion: A selection of papers with annotation , Geophys. Monogr. , 18 . American Geophysical Union , Huang, C.-S. and M.C. Kelley . 1996 . Nonlinear evolution of equatorial spread F: 3. Plasma bubbles generated by structured electric fields , J. Geophys. Res. , 101(A1) : 303-313 . Kelley, M.C. 1985 . Large amplitude thermospheric oscillations induced by an earthquake , Geophys. Res. Lett. 12(9) : 577-580 . Kelley, M.C. 1989 . The Earth's Ionosphere: Plasma Physics and Electrodynamics . San Diego : Academic Press . Kelley, M.C. and C.A. Miller . 1997 . The electrodynamics of mid-latitude spread F: 3. Electrobuoyancy waves? A new look at the role of electric fields and thermospheric gravity waves , J. Geophys. Res. , in press . Kelley, M.C. , M.F. Larsen , C. LaHoz , and . 1981 . Gravity wave initiation of equatorial spread F: A case study , J. Geophys. Res. , 86(A11) : 9087-9100 . Mathews, J.D. , Q. Zhou , C.R. Philbrick , Y.T. Morton , and C.S. Gardner . 1993 . Observations of ion and sodium layer coupled processes during AIDA , J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. , 55(3) : 487-498 . Mendillo, M. , J. Baumgardner , D. Nottingham , J. Aarons , B. Reinisch , J. Scali , and M. Kelley , 1997 . Investigations of thermospheric-ionospheric dynamics with 6300-Å images from the Arecibo Observatory , J. Geophys. Res. , 102(A4) : 7331-7344 . National Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Weather . 1995 . New York : Chanticleer Press, Inc. Röttger, J. 1981 . Equatorial spread-F by electric fields and atmospheric gravity waves generated by thunderstorms , J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. , 43(5/6) : 453-462 . Scannapieco, A.J. and S.L. Ossakow . 1976 . Nonlinear equatorial spread F , Geophys. Res. Lett. , 3 : 451-454 . Shen, J.S. , W.E. Swartz , D.T. Farley , and R.M. Harper . 1976 . Ionization layers in the nighttime E region valley above Arecibo , J. Geophys. Res. , 81 : 5517 . Taylor, M.J. and F.J. Garcia . 1995 . A two-dimensional spectral analysis of short period gravity waves imaged in the OI (557.7 nm) and near infra red OH nightglow emissions over Arecibo, Puerto Rico , Geophys. Res. Lett. , 22(18) : 2473-2476 . Thomas, G.E. 1996 . Is the polar mesosphere the miner's canary of global change? Adv. Space Res. , 18(3) : 149-158 . Tinsely, B.A. , R.P. Rohrbaugh , W.B. Hanson , and A.L. Broadfoot . 1997 . Images of transequatorial F region bubbles in 630- and 777-nm emissions compared with satellite measurements , J. Geophys. Res. , 102(A2) : 2057-2077 . Trowbridge, C.C. 1907 . On atmospheric currents at very great altitudes , Monthly Weather Review , 35 : 390-397 . von Zahn, U. and W. Meyer . 1989 . Mesopause temperatures in polar summer , J. Geophys. Res. , 94 : 14647 . Witt, G. 1957 . Noctilucent cloud observations , Tellus , 9(3) : 365-371 . Yeh, K.C. and C.H. Liu . 1974 . Acoustic-gravity waves in the upper atmosphere , Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. , 12 : 193 . FURTHER READING Chapman, S. and R.S. Lindzen . 1970 . Atmospheric Tides: Thermal and Gravitational . New York : Gordon & Breach . Kelley, M.C. 1989 . The Earth's Ionosphere: Plasma Physics and Electrodynamics . San Diego : Academic Press . Kelley, M.C. 1994 . Plasma: The fourth state of matter , The New Encyclopedia Britannica, Macropedia , 23 : 665 . Kivelsen, M. and C. Russell . 1995 . Introduction to Space Plasma Physics . New York : Cambridge University Press .