B Acronyms and Abbreviations


ABM
Antiballistic missile

AC
Alternating current

ACTD
Advanced concept technology demonstration

A/D
Analog-to-digital

ADC
Analog-to-digital conversion (converter)

ADM
Advanced development model

AgZn
Silver zinc

AI
Artificial intelligence

AIMS
Agile infrastructure for manufacturing

AlGaAs
Aluminum gallium arsenide

AMRFS
Advanced multifunction radio-frequency system

ARG
Amphibious-ready group

ARM
Antiradar missile

ASAT
Antisatellite

ASIC
Application-specific integrated circuit

ASMP
Advanced Surface Machinery Program

ASW
Antisubmarine warfare

ATR
Automatic target recognition

AWACS
Airborne Warning and Control System

BASS
Bulk avalanche semiconductor switch

BAT
Brilliant antitank

bhp
Brake horsepower

C3
Command, control, and communications

C/A
Coarse/acquisition (code)




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OCR for page 330
B Acronyms and Abbreviations ABM Antiballistic missile AC Alternating current ACTD Advanced concept technology demonstration A/D Analog-to-digital ADC Analog-to-digital conversion (converter) ADM Advanced development model AgZn Silver zinc AI Artificial intelligence AIMS Agile infrastructure for manufacturing AlGaAs Aluminum gallium arsenide AMRFS Advanced multifunction radio-frequency system ARG Amphibious-ready group ARM Antiradar missile ASAT Antisatellite ASIC Application-specific integrated circuit ASMP Advanced Surface Machinery Program ASW Antisubmarine warfare ATR Automatic target recognition AWACS Airborne Warning and Control System BASS Bulk avalanche semiconductor switch BAT Brilliant antitank bhp Brake horsepower C3 Command, control, and communications C/A Coarse/acquisition (code)

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CAD Computer-aided design CBW Chemical and biological warfare CCD Charge-coupled device CD Compact disk CEC Cooperative engagement capability CEP Circular error of probability CFAR Constant false alarm CFC Chlorofluorocarbon CFD Computational fluid dynamics CHRIMP Consolidated Hazardous Material Re-utilization and Inventory Management Program CIC Combat information center CID Combat identification CINC Commander in Chief CINCPAC Commander in Chief, Pacific CISC Complex instruction set computing (computer) CMOS Complementary metal oxide semiconductor CMR Colossal magnetoresistance CNO Chief of Naval Operations CO2 Carbon dioxide COAMPS Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System COADS Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Dynamics Systems COEA Cost and operational-effectiveness analysis CONUS Continental United States CORBA Common object request broker architecture COTS Commercial off-the-shelf CPS Collective Protection system CPU Central processing unit CVD Chemical vapor deposition CVX Next-generation aircraft carrier CW Continuous wave D/A Digital-to-analog DAC Digital-to-analog conversion DBDB Digital bathymetric database dc Direct current DC Digital circuit DDS Direct digital synthesis DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DEW Directed-energy weapon DFB Distributed feedback DMP Dynamic mission planning DOD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy

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DRAM Dynamic random access memory DSB Defense Science Board DSP Digital signal processing ECAC Electromagnetic Compatibility Analysis Center ECL Emitter control logic EEG Electroencephalogram EHF Extremely high frequency EM Electromagnetic EMI Electromagnetic interference EMP Electromagnetic pulse ENIAC Electronic Numerical Intergrator and Computer EO Electro-optic ESM Electronic support measure ETC Electrothermal chemical EW Electronic warfare FET Field-effect transitor FFT Fast Fourier transform FLIR Forward-looking infrared radar FM Frequency modulation FP Function point FPA Focal plane array FSAD Full-scale advanced development GaAs Gallium arsenide GAMOT Global acoustic monitoring of ocean thermometry GaN Gallium nitride GCCS Global Command and Control System GLONASS Global Navigation Satellite System GMR Giant magnetoresistance GPS Global Positioning System HCS Human-centered system HDTV High-definition television HEMT High-electron mobility transistor HEPA High-efficiency particulate air (filter) HF High frequency HgCdTe Mercury-cadmium-telluride HM&E Hull, mechanical, and electrical HPCI High performance computing initiative HPM High-power microwave HSLA High-strength, low-alloy HTS High-temperature superconductor IC Integrated circuit IC2 Integrated command and control ICR Intercoded recuperated (gas turbine)

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IFF Identification, friend or foe IGBT Insulated gate bipolar transistor IHPTET Integrated High-performance Turbine Engine Technology (program) IMPATT Impact avalanche transit time InP Indium phosphide INS Inertial navigation system InSb Indium antimonide I/O Input/output IPCC Integrated power conversion center IPS Integrated propulsion system IR Infrared IMPATT Impact avalanche transit-time (diode) ISC Integrated ship control ISDN Integrated services digital network ISPM Integrating smart product model IW Information warfare JCS Joint Chiefs of Staff JJ Josephson junction JPEG Joint photographic experts group JPO Joint Program Office JSF Joint Strike Fighter JTF Joint Task Force ksi Kips per square inch kWe/kg Kilowatts of electric power output per kilogram LED Light-emitting diode LEO Low Earth orbiting LHX Large-deck amphibious ship LIDAR Laser detection and ranging LMRS Long-term mine reconnaissance system LNA Low-noise amplification LPI Low probability of intercept LWIR Long-wavelength IR Marisat Maritime satellite MARPOL Marine Pollution (regulations) MBE Molecular beam epitaxy MCM Multichip module MEMS Microelectromechanical systems MESFET Metal-semiconductor field-effect transistor MHD Magnetohydrodynamics MIMD Multiple-instruction, multiple-data MMIC Monolithic microwave integrated circuit MMW Millimeter wave

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MMWI Millimeter-wave imaging MOCVD Metallo-organic chemical vapor deposition MODFET Modulation-doped field-effect transistor MOS Metal oxide semiconductor MPP Massively parallel processor MQW Multiple quantum well MRI Magnetic resonance imaging MRLS Multiple rocket launch system MUD Multiuser domain MWIR Medium-wavelength infrared n-MCT n-type MOS-controlled thyristor NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization NiCd Nickel cadmium NiMH Nickel metal hydride NiP Nickel phosphide NOGAPS Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System NORAPS Navy Operational Regional Atmospheric Prediction System NRAC Naval Research Advisory Council NRaD Naval Research and Development NRL Naval Research Laboratory NSB Naval Studies Board NSCAT NASA scatterometer NSF National Science Foundation OEIC Optoelectronic integrated circuit ONR Office of Naval Research OOP Object-oriented programming OOT Object-oriented technology OPIT Oxide power in tube (process) OR Operations research OSD Office of the Secretary of Defense OTH Over-the-horizon P(Y) Encrypted precision code PA Power amplification PC Personal computer PCR Polymerase chain reaction PCS Personal communication system PEBB Power electronic building block PET Positron emission tomography PFN Pulse-forming network PGM Power generation module PHEMT Pseudomorphic HEMT PM Power magnet

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PPS Precise Positioning Service PRIME Plastic Removal in Marine Environments PTO Power takeoff PtSi Platinum silicide PWM Pulse-width modulated R&D Research and development RAM Random access memory RF Radio frequency RSFQ Rapid single-flux quantum (logic) RISC Reduced instruction set computing (computer) ROM Read-only memory ROTHER Relocatable over-the-horizon radar ROV Remotely operated vehicle RTI Run-time interface RTLM Real-time logistic management S&T Science and technology SADARM Search-and-destroy armor munition SAR Synthetic aperture radar SAS Synthetic aperture sonar SATCOM Satellite communications SBA Simulation-based acquisition SBD Simulation-based design SEED Self-electron-optic effect device SEI Software engineering initiative SEP Spherical error of position SET Single-electron transistor SHF Super-high frequency SiC Silicon carbide SiGe Silicon germanium SIMD Single-instruction, multiple-data SLOC Source line of code SMCS Standard monitoring control system SMES Superconducting magnet energy storage (device) SOA State of art SOHO Solar Heliospheric Observer SPM Smart product model SQUID Superconductor quantum interference device SQW Single quantum well SSGTG Ship service gas turbine generator SSIM Ship service inverter module SSN Nuclear-powered submarine STAP Space-time adaptive processing STAR System Threat Assessment Report

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STOL Short takeoff and landing STOW Synthetic theater of war SVD Singular value decomposition SWATH Small waterplane area twin hull TEWA Threat Evaluation and Weapon Assessment TMC Titanium matrix composite TOF Time of flight T/R Transmitter/receiver TRANSCOM Transportation Command UAV Unmanned aerial vehicle UHF Ultrahigh frequency ULCB Ultralow-carbon bainite UUV Unmanned underwater vehicle UV Ultraviolet UWB Ultrawide bandwidth Vac Volts alternating current Vdc Volts direct current VE Virtual environment VHF Very high frequency VLO Very low observability VLSI Very large scale integrated VOR VHF omnidirectional range VRML Virtual-reality modeling language VSTOL Vertical short takeoff and landing VTOL Vertical takeoff and landing WAAS Wide area augmentation system WBS Wide-bandgap semiconductor WIMP Windows, icons, mouse, pointer ZEDS Zonal electrical distribution system