During the preparation of this report, the committee depended on input from a large number of colleagues. Noted in this appendix are the participants in six workshops that the committee held in 1995 and 1996. Many others helped by commenting on early drafts of the report or providing information in their particular areas of expertise. The field of optics is so broad and diverse that the committee could never have accomplished its task without the assistance of this wider community. The committee thanks all of those who gave so freely of their time and expertise.
W. Grundfest, Cedars Sinai Medical Center
Lasers and Optics in Medicine and Surgery
T. Jovin, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry
Lasers and Optics as Developing Tools for Biology
K. Wilson, Applied Biosystems, Inc.
Optics in Biotechnology
W. Webb, Cornell University
Two-Photon and Near-Field Microscopy
J. Pawley, University of Wisconsin at Madison
Confocal Microscopy: From Laboratory to Commercialization
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Harnessing Light: Optical Science and Engineering for the 21st Century B Workshop Participants During the preparation of this report, the committee depended on input from a large number of colleagues. Noted in this appendix are the participants in six workshops that the committee held in 1995 and 1996. Many others helped by commenting on early drafts of the report or providing information in their particular areas of expertise. The field of optics is so broad and diverse that the committee could never have accomplished its task without the assistance of this wider community. The committee thanks all of those who gave so freely of their time and expertise. Optics in Health Care and the Life Sciences Portland, Oregon—September 15, 1995 Speakers W. Grundfest, Cedars Sinai Medical Center Lasers and Optics in Medicine and Surgery T. Jovin, Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry Lasers and Optics as Developing Tools for Biology K. Wilson, Applied Biosystems, Inc. Optics in Biotechnology W. Webb, Cornell University Two-Photon and Near-Field Microscopy J. Pawley, University of Wisconsin at Madison Confocal Microscopy: From Laboratory to Commercialization
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Harnessing Light: Optical Science and Engineering for the 21st Century R. Tsien, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California at San Diego Optical Detection of Biological Signals for Pharmaceutical Screening E. Gratton, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign New Developments in Optical Imaging R. Krueger, Anheuser Busch Eye Institute, St. Louis University School of Medicine Lasers in Ophthalmology K. Gregory, Oregon Medical Laser Center Lasers in Cardiology J. Jett, Los Alamos National Laboratory Flow Cytometry: From Laboratory to Clinic R. Rava, Affymetrix Optics and High-Density DNA Arrays R. Johnston, Molecular Dynamics High-Throughput Microscopy Background Paper M. Elbaum, Electro-Optical Sciences, Inc. Technical Advisers T. Baer, Biometric Imaging Systems A. Yodh, University of Pennsylvania Optics and Manufacturing Irvine, California—October 11-12, 1995 Speakers A. Bergh, Optoelectronics Industry Development Association The Manufacturing Infrastructure for Optoelectronics T. Vorburger, National Institute of Standards and Technology Optical Sciences in Metrology G. Osbourn, Sandia National Laboratories Optical Science Issues in Machine Vision R. Harner, Dow Chemical The Chemical Industry D. Rockwell, Delco Electronics, and D. Roessler, General Motors R&D Center The Use of Optics-Based Systems in Automotive Manufacturing R. Withrington, Hughes Aircraft Company Aerospace Manufacturing
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Harnessing Light: Optical Science and Engineering for the 21st Century B. Dorwart, Shannon and Wilson The Use of Optics in the Construction Industry M. Fleming, Duplex Products, Inc. The Future of Optics and Printing Goes Digital A. Lake, Boeckeler Instruments Company, and R. Breault, Arizona Optics Industry Association A Small Company Approach to Future Competitiveness J. Hanley, Pinnacle Micro, Inc. (invited) Manufacturing Issues in Laser Disk Optical Storage M. Morris, Rochester Photonics Corporation Micro- and Diffractive-Optics Technology: Current Status and Future Impact R. Haitz, Hewlett-Packard Components Group Manufacturing Issues in Semiconductor-Based Optoelectronic Components S. Brueck, Center for High-Technology Materials Opto-Electronic Diagnostics for Semiconductor Manufacturing P. Reid, Hughes Danbury Optical Systems Deterministic Manufacturing of Complex Advanced Lithography Optics S. Depp, IBM T.J. Watson Research Center Opto-Electronics Issues in Display Manufacturing D. Kessler, Kodak Optics in Imaging Systems D. Belforte, Belforte Associates Industrial Lasers Background Paper T. Montonye, SPIE Optics in Information Technology Washington, D.C.—November 30 and December 1, 1995 Speakers T. Li, AT&T Bell Laboratories Long-Distance Lightwave Telecommunications P. Shumate, Bellcore Broad Band Access: Reaching the Customer M. Phillips, ATx Telecom Systems Analog Lightwave Transmission
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Harnessing Light: Optical Science and Engineering for the 21st Century V. Chan, MIT Lincoln Laboratory Optical Space Communications M. Kryder, Carnegie Mellon University Magnetic and Optical Recording: Survey and Future Perspectives J. Miceli, Eastman Kodak Company Optical Disk Storage Trends A. Bell, IBM Optical Storage Systems and Applications D. Carlin, Optex Corporation Advanced Optical Data Storage C. Brackett, Bellcore Multiwavelength Networks D.A.B. Miller, AT&T Bell Laboratories Photonic Switching D. Psaltis, California Institute of Technology Optical Computing R. Nelson, Motorola Optical Data Links W. Worobey, Sandia National Laboratories Overview of Flat-Panel Display Technology T. Buzak, Technical Visions, Inc. The Outlook for Large Flat-Panel Displays J. Florence, Texas Instruments Miniature Displays for Projection Imaging Applications: DMDs, LCDs, ELs, and Others M. Stefanov, Kent Display Systems Electronic Paper: Survey and Prediction Background Papers C. Ryan, GPN AT&T Network Systems Impacts on Photonic Access and Long-Haul Transmission P.E. Green, Jr., IBM T.J. Watson Research Center The Optoelectronic Key to Future Information Infrastructures D.T. Gall, TWC Present and Future of Analog Lightwave Transmission Systems in the Cable Television Industry T.E. Darcie, AT&T Bell Laboratories Issues and Future Perspective for Analog Lightwave Systems and Technology J.H. Hong, Rockwell Science Center Future in Optical Storage: Holographic Mass Memory
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Harnessing Light: Optical Science and Engineering for the 21st Century B.H. Schechtman, National Storage Industry Consortium Optical and Magnetic Recording Technologies in the Next Millennium B. Bell, MOST Inc. Some Thoughts on Optical Disk Storage Energy, Space, Environment, and Optical Sensing Irvine, California—December 14-15, 1995 Speakers R. Spellicy, Radian Corporation Optical Environmental Monitoring R. Menzies, JPL Active Sensing: LIDAR T. Vo-Dinh, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Optical Environmental Biosensors R. Birk and B. Davis, NASA Stennis Space Center Space-Based Optical and Laser Sensing of Earth's Resources: Applications in Terrestrial Management B. Snavely, National Science Foundation New Telescopes and Astronomical Imaging Techniques J. Breckinridge, JPL Optical Engineering for Space Science R. Withrington, Hughes Defense Electrooptical Systems: Laser Guides, Sensors S. Alejandro, Air Force Phillips Laboratory Future Challenges in Non/Counterproliferation and NBC Defense Remote Sensing J. Hiller, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Optical Chemical Sensors: Fiber-Optic Probes, Flow Rates M.R. Stapelbroek, Rockwell Detectors and Detector Arrays for Visible and IR Wavelengths R. Menzel, Texas Tech University Trends in Examination of Physical Evidence by Optical Techniques R. Huggins, Boeing Optical Systems for Aerospace W. Weber, Ford Motor Company Optics Research Trends in the Automobile Industry
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Harnessing Light: Optical Science and Engineering for the 21st Century H. Powell, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Advanced Optical Technology for Inertial Confinement Fusion P. Iles, Applied Solar Energy Space Solar Cells J. Benner, National Renewable Energy Laboratory Terrestrial Solar Cells S. Selkowitz, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Optical Applications for Advanced Lighting Systems R. Englemann, Oregon Graduate Institute LED Status and Prospects for High-Efficiency Lighting Applications Background Papers J. Bilbro, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Center of Excellence for Space Optical Systems R. Deese, Electro Tech, Inc. Commercial LED Lighting Systems N. Pchelkin, U.S. Air Force Phillips Laboratory Law Enforcement and Security Uses of Lasers and Optics D. Hartmann, University of Washington Global Space Based Sensing: Atmospheric/Global Climate Change F. Faxvog, Honeywell Ring Laser Gyro Aircraft Sensors D. Taylor, Walt Disney Imagineering Entertainment Uses of Lasers/Optics M. Finger, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Surveillance: Drugs, Explosives, Border Control T. Amundsen, Metrologic Systems Barcode Scanner Systems P. Kelley, Tufts University Solar Cell and Energy Systems M. Hutchins, Hutchins International, Ltd. New Sulfer Dimer Lighting Sources E. Browell, NASA/Langley Lidar Atmospheric Remote Sensing J. Martin, TECO Electric Technology Center Energy Efficient Lighting M. Rea, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute New Lighting Systems and Light Sources M. Smith, FLIR Systems, Inc. New Commercial IR/Thermal Cameras W. Krupke, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Laser Sensors and New Energy Sources
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Harnessing Light: Optical Science and Engineering for the 21st Century Optics Research and Education Irvine, California—January 4-5, 1996 Speakers H.J. Kimble, California Institute of Technology Quantum Measurement and Computing C. Wieman, JILA Cooling and Trapping S.J. Smith, Stanford University Optics in Cellular and Molecular Biology M. Nuss, AT&T Bell Laboratories Technology and Applications of Femtosecond Lasers P. Bucksbaum, University of Michigan Physics with Femtosecond Sources R. Hochstrasser, University of Pennsylvania Lasers in Chemistry D. Markle, Ultratech Stepper EUV Optics for Advanced Lithographies F. Cerrina, University of Wisconsin at Madison Applications of X-Rays to Materials Science B. Kincaid, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Uses of High-Brightness, Partially Coherent Light from Third-Generation Synchrotron Sources D. Welch, Spectra Diode Labs, Inc. Semiconductor Diode Lasers W. Krupke, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Advanced Solid-State Lasers M. Fejer, Stanford University Engineering Nonlinear Materials M. Mansuripur, University of Arizona Materials for Optical Storage D. Moore, University of Rochester Gradient Index Optics B. Thompson, University of Rochester Education and Training in Optics: A Philosophical Overview M.J. Soileau, University of Central Florida Graduate Education R.R. Shannon and J.D. Gaskill, University of Arizona Four-Year Undergraduate Education R.F. Novak, Monroe Community College Two-Year Undergraduate Education and Training D. Hull, Center for Occupational R&D K-14 Education and Training
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Harnessing Light: Optical Science and Engineering for the 21st Century Background Papers H. Winick, LCLS Working Group A Short-Wavelength Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) Using the SLAC Linac J. Madey, Duke University Ultraviolet and Extreme Ultraviolet Free Electron Laser Light Sources G. Kubiak, Sandia National Laboratories Laser-Produced Plasma EUV Sources D.L. Matthews, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory A Center for the Development and Application of Laser Light Sources D.G. Hall, University of Rochester Education in Optics at the B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. Levels at the University of Rochester C. Joenathan, R.M. Bunch, and B.M. Khorana, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology Optics Education at the B.S. and M.S. Levels: Past, Present, and Future J.O. Dimmock and S. Kowel, University of Alabama, Huntsville Optical Science and Engineering: A Perspective Optical Society of America Continuing Education Report for COSE SPIE SPIE Educational Services Optics and Defense Washington, D.C.—March 18-20, 1996 Speakers J. Stichman, Sandia National Laboratories The Manufacturing Factory of the Future J. Hurd, Planar Inc. A U.S. Industry Perspective on Flat-Panel Display Manufacturing R. Balcerak, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Focal Plane Array Manufacturing R. Tapp, Optical Imaging Systems Flat-Panel Display and Sensor Manufacturing for Dual-Use Applications M. Chang, New Focus Inc. High-Value, Low-Cost, Low-Volume Manufacturing of Optics R. Fedchenko, 3D Systems Inc. Optical Systems for Rapid Prototyping and Manufacturing
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Harnessing Light: Optical Science and Engineering for the 21st Century H. Pollicove, University of Rochester Low-Cost Rapid Fabrication of Optics L. Marabella, TRW Alliances for the Use of Lasers in Manufacturing K. Thompson, Optical Research Associates Optical Design L. Marquet, Department of Defense Weapons-Class Lasers C. Volk, Litton Industries Laser Gyros L. Buchanan, DARPA Defense Needs in Optics L. Figueroa, Boeing Defense and Space Group Optics in Aircraft Manufacturing M. Ealey, Xinetics Advanced Adaptive Optics I. Ury, Ortel Corp. RF Transmission Through Fibers D. Scifres, Spectra Diode Labs Semiconductor Lasers and OEICs: Past, Present, and Future P. Trotta, Texas Instruments Production of Optics for FLIRs and Other Electro-Optic Sensors G. Riley, Lockheed Martin Manufacturing Airborne Focal Plane Array Sensor Systems J. Bilbro, NASA Marshall Optics Metrology R. Aronno, Tinsley Laboratories Precision Asphere Manufacturing: A Small Company Perspective P. Anthony, Bell Labs Packaging of Photonic Components P. Beauchamp, OCLI Optical Coatings J. Atherton, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Large Optics and the National Ignition Facility Society Representatives J. Pearson, SPIE D. Hennage, Optical Society of America J. McMahon, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers/Lasers and Electro-Optics Society P. Baker, Laser Institute of America B. Hitz, Laser and Electro-Optics Manufacturers Association D. Wilson, American Precision Optical Manufacturers Association