. "3 Fiscal Impacts of Immigrant and Native Households: A New Jersey Case Study." The Immigration Debate: Studies on the Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1998.
d Male-headed household mean differs significantly from the corresponding female-headed household mean.
e Found by first calculating the net fiscal impact per capita for each household and then averaging over all households in the category.
program to produce the fiscal estimates described above. Its purpose is twofold. First, the reader interested in the assumptions underlying the model will have a clearer understanding of the sensitivity of our estimates to those assumptions. Second, the model is rendered reproducible, not only with 1989–1990 fiscal data for New Jersey, but also in its application to other states' census and state and local government budget information. In the descriptions given below, household and individual-level variables from the 1990 Public Use Microdata Sample A (PUMS) are denoted in upper-case letters. The reader will notice in some calculations that one-twentieth of an aggregate budget figure is used. This reflects the fact that the PUMS is a 5 percent sample of New Jersey households. The results presented in the chapter are rescaled by a factor of 20 to accurately reflect households' budgetary impact in the aggregate.
We concentrate our analysis on the household sector comprising the resident noninstitutional population in New Jersey, and we take the individual household as our principal unit of analysis. The central problem is then one of attributing to households the expenditures made and the revenues received by state and local