APPENDIX B

Acronyms

ABLE

Arctic Boundary Layer Expedition

AGU

American Geophysical Union

AIRI

All-India Rainfall Index

AMIP

Atmospheric Model Inter-Comparison Project

ARCSS

Arctic systems science

ARM

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program

ARS*

USDA Agricultural Research Service

ASTER

Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer

AVHRR

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

AVIRIS

Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer

BAHC

Biological Aspects of the Hydrological Cycle Core Project

BASC

Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

BOREAS

Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study

BSD

Board on Sustainable Development

CCM2

Community Climate Model

CCN

cloud condensation nuclei

CENR

Committee on Environment and Natural Resources

CERES

Cloud and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (NASA)

CFCs

chlorofluorocarbons

CGCR

Committee on Global Change Research

CHAMMP

Computer Hardware and Advanced Mathematics and Model Physics

CIPEC

Center for the Study of Institutions, Population, and Environmental Change



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GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE: Research Pathways for the Next Decade APPENDIX B Acronyms ABLE Arctic Boundary Layer Expedition AGU American Geophysical Union AIRI All-India Rainfall Index AMIP Atmospheric Model Inter-Comparison Project ARCSS Arctic systems science ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program ARS* USDA Agricultural Research Service ASTER Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer AVIRIS Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer BAHC Biological Aspects of the Hydrological Cycle Core Project BASC Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate BOREAS Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study BSD Board on Sustainable Development CCM2 Community Climate Model CCN cloud condensation nuclei CENR Committee on Environment and Natural Resources CERES Cloud and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (NASA) CFCs chlorofluorocarbons CGCR Committee on Global Change Research CHAMMP Computer Hardware and Advanced Mathematics and Model Physics CIPEC Center for the Study of Institutions, Population, and Environmental Change

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GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE: Research Pathways for the Next Decade CLIMAP Climate Mapping, Analysis, and Prediction Group CLIVAR Program for Climate Variability and Predictability CMIP Coupled Model Intercomparison Project COADS Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set CODMAC Committee on Data Management and Computation COFUR costs of filling user requests COHMAP Cooperative Holocene Mapping Project COWL cold oceans and warm land CRREL* DOD Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory CSREES* USDA Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service CTD conductivity-temperature-depth CZCS coastal zone color scanner DAAC Data Acquisition and Archive Center DIC dissolved inorganic carbon DIVERSITAS IUBS-SCOPE-UNESCO Programme on Biodiversity DMS dimethyl sulfide DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program DOC dissolved organic carbon DOD* U.S. Department of Defense DOE* U.S. Department of Energy DOI* U.S. Department of the Interior ECMWF European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting ENSO El Niño-Southern Oscillation EOS Earth Observing System EOSDIS EOS Data and Information System EPA* U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ERS* USDA Economic Research Service ESA European Space Agency ES* NASA Earth Science ESSC Earth System Sciences Committee EUMETSAT European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites EVE Equilibrium Vegetation Ecology model FANGIO Feedback Analysis of GCMs and in Observations FIFE First ISLSCP Field Experiment FS* USDA Forest Service FUNCEME Fundação Cearense de Meteorologia e Recursos Hídricos (Ceará's Foundation for Meteorology and Hydrological Resources) GAIM Global Analysis, Interpretation, and Modelling Program GCIP Global Energy Water-Cycle Experiment Continental-Scale International Project

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GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE: Research Pathways for the Next Decade GCM general circulation model GCOS Global Climate Observing System GCTE Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems Core Project GEOSECS Geochemical Ocean Sections Study GEWEX Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment GFDL Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory GIS geographic information system GISP2 Greenland Ice Sheet Project Two GLOBEC Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics GLOCHANT Global Changes in the Antarctic GLOSS Global Sea Level Observing System GOALS Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land Surface program GRIP Greenland Ice Core Project GTS Global Telecommunication System HALOE Halogen Occultation Experiment HAPEX Hydrological and Atmospheric Pilot Experiment HCDN Hydroclimatic Data Network HCN Historical Climate Network HSCT High-Speed Civil Transport HHS* U.S. Department of Health and Human Services ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions IGAC International Global Atmospheric Chemistry program IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme IHDP International Human Dimensions Programme IMAGES Intermediate Model for Global and Annual Evolution of Species IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IR infrared IRI International Research Institute for Climate Prediction ISLSCP International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project ITCZ Intertropical Convergence Zone IUBS International Union of Biological Sciences JGOFS Joint Global Ocean Flux Study LANDSAT Land Remote Sensing Satellite LBA Large-Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment LIA Little Ice Age LIDAR light detection and ranging instrument LMER Land Margin Ecosystem Research LOICZ Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone LSP land surface parameterization LTER Long-Term Ecological Research program LUCC land use cover change MBL marine boundary layer

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GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE: Research Pathways for the Next Decade METOP meteorological operational MetOp Meteorological Operational (Satellite) MINK Missouri-Illinois-Nebraska-Kansas MISR Multi-Angle Imaging Spectroradiometer MLS microwave limb sounder MODIS Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer MTM-SVD Multi-Taper Method/Singular Value Decomposition MWP Medieval Warm Period NADP/NTN National Acid Deposition Program/National Trends Network NADW North Atlantic deep water NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement NAO North Atlantic Oscillation NAS National Academy of Sciences NASA* National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASM* SI National Air and Space Museum NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research NCDC National Climatic Data Center NCEP National Center for Environmental Prediction NDSC Network for Detection of Stratospheric Change NEE net ecosystem exchange NICHD National Institute of Child Health and Human Development NIEHS* National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences NIST* National Institute of Science and Technology NMNH* SI National Museum of Natural History NOAA* National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPO North Pacific Oscillation NPOESS National Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System NPP net primary productivity NRC National Research Council NRCS* USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service NSF* National Science Foundation NSTC National Science and Technology Council NWS National Weather Service NZP* SI National Zoological Park OBER* DOE Office of Biological and Environmental Research OCMIP Ocean Carbon Model Intercomparison Project OCS carbonyl sulfide OMB Office of Management and Budget ONR* DOD Office of Naval Research ORD* EPA Office of Research and Development OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy OSSE Observing System Simulation Experiments

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GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE: Research Pathways for the Next Decade OTTER Oregon Transect Ecological Research PAGES past global changes PAN peroxyacetylnitrate PAR photosynthetically active radiation PBL planetary boundary layer PCI Polar Circulation Index PILPS Project for Intercomparison of Land Surface Parameterization Schemes PMIP Paleoclimate Model Intercomparison Project PNA Pacific-North American R&A research and analysis REA representative elementary area SAFARI South African Fire-Atmosphere Research Initiative SAGE Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment SAO* SI Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory SCAR Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research SCOPE Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment SEDAC Social and Economic Data and Applications Center SERC* SI Smithsonian Environmental Research Center SI* Smithsonian Institution SLP sea level pressure SOI Southern Oscillation Index SPADE Stratospheric Photochemistry, Aerosol, and Dynamics Expedition SPECMAP Spectral Mapping Project SPOT Systeme Probatoire pour l'Observatión de la Terre SST sea surface temperature START Global Change System for Analysis, Research, and Training STE stratosphere troposphere exchange STRI* SI Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute STN Simulated Topographical Network SURFRAD surface radiation observations TAO tropical atmosphere-ocean TIROS Television and Infared Observation Satellite TM thematic mapper TOGA Tropical Oceans and Global Atmosphere program TOMS total ozone mapping spectrometer TOPEX Ocean Topography Experiment TRACE-A Transport and Chemistry near the Equator over the Atlantic TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measurng Mission UARS Upper-Atmosphere Research Satellite UNEP United Nations Environment Programme

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GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE: Research Pathways for the Next Decade UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization USAID U.S. Agency for International Development USDA* U.S. Department of Agriculture USGCRP U.S. Global Change Research Program USGS* U.S. Geological Survey USHCN U.S. Historical Climate Network VEMAP Vegetation and Ecosystem Modeling and Analysis Project VOCs volatile organic compounds WCRP World Climate Research Programme WFS World Fertility Survey WMO World Meteorological Organization WOCE World Ocean Circulation Experiment * Agencies and Departments with research funds focused on the USGCRP.