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Zeisel SH, Growdon JH, Wurtman RJ, Magil SG, Logue M. 1980b. Normal plasma choline responses to ingested lecithin. Neurology 30:1226–1229.

Zeisel SH, Story DL, Wurtman RJ, Brunengraber H. 1980c. Uptake of free choline by isolated perfused rat liver. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 77:4417–4419.

Zeisel SH, Stanbury JB, Wurtman RJ, Brigida M, Fierro BR. 1982. Choline content of mothers’ milk in Ecuador and Boston. N Engl J Med 306:175–176.

Zeisel SH, Wishnok JS, Blusztajn JK. 1983. Formation of methylamines from ingested choline and lecithin. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 225:320–324.

Zeisel SH, Char D, Sheard NF. 1986. Choline, phosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin in human and bovine milk and infant formulas. J Nutr 116:50–58.

Zeisel SH, Zola T, daCosta K, Pomfret EA. 1989. Effect of choline deficiency on S-adenosylmethionine and methionine concentrations in rat liver. Biochem J 259:725–729.

Zeisel SH, daCosta K-A, Franklin PD, Alexander EA, Lamont JT, Sheard NF, Beiser A. 1991. Choline, an essential nutrient for humans. FASEB J 5:2093–2098.

Zeisel SH, Mar M-H, Zhou Z-W, da Costa K-A. 1995. Pregnancy and lactation are associated with diminished concentrations of choline and its metabolites in rat liver. J Nutr 125:3049–3054.

Zeisel SH, Albright CD, Shin O-H, Mar M-H, Salganik RI, da Costa K-A. 1997. Choline deficiency selects for resistance to p53-independent apoptosis and causes tumorigenic transformation of rat hepatocytes. Carcinogenesis 18:731– 738.

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