also a member of the Board of Trustees of RWJF. His research interests have been in insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus. He has authored more than 160 original papers, book chapters, and scientific abstracts. Dr. Gavin is a member of the Institute of Medicine.

DONALD R. MATTISON (Cochair) is Medical Director of the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation. From 1990 to 1998 he was Dean of the Graduate School of Public Health and Professor of Environmental and Occupational Health and Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Pittsburgh. Dr. Mattison received his M.D. from The College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, and clinical training in obstetrics and gynecology at Sloane Hospital for Women, Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, in New York City. Dr. Mattison obtained postgraduate research training at the National Institutes of Health. From 1984 to 1990 he was Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Toxicology at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. During this period he was Acting Director of the Human Risk Assessment Program at the National Center for Toxicological Research, a component of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Dr. Mattison is a member of many local and national boards. He has published more than 140 papers, chapters, and reviews in the areas of reproductive and developmental toxicology, risk assessment, and clinical obstetrics and gynecology.

REGINA AUSTIN is William A. Schnader Professor of Law at the University of Pennsylvania. She received a B.A. from the University of Rochester in 1970 and a J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1973. She is a member of the Order of the Coif, the legal honorary society. Before joining the University of Pennsylvania faculty in 1977, Professor Austin was an associate with the firm of Schnader, Harrison, Segal & Lewis. She has been a visiting professor at Harvard and Stanford law schools. Professor Austin has written on various topics including the working conditions of low-status minority and female workers, the construction of black economic activity as deviance, and the minority grassroots environmental movement.

DAVID R. BAINES is a practicing family physician on the Coeur d'Alene Indian Reservation in rural Idaho. He received his medical degree from Mayo Medical School in Rochester, Minnesota. Since 1992, Dr. Baines has served as a member of the Commission on Membership and Members Services of the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). In 1990 he chaired the AAFP Committee on Minority Health Affairs and has been a consultant to the AAFP Subcommittee on Indian Health. Since 1984 he has served as the liaison between AAFP and the Association of American Indian Physicians. He was President of the Association of American Indian Physicians in 1990 and 1991. He has served as a consultant to National Institutes of Health committees, a



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