Recommendation 2. Public health research related to environmental justice should engender three principles: improve the science base, involve the affected population, and communicate the findings to all stakeholders (see Box 3-4).

The following strategies are recommended as a means of achieving Recommendation 2.

Strategies for Improving the Science Base
  • Strategy 2.1 Develop improved biomarkers of exposure, susceptibility, and biological effect as well as improved exposure assessment technologies.
  • Strategy 2.2 Focus additional research on human susceptibility, both genetic and nongenetic, to environmental causes of disease.
  • Strategy 2.3 Allocate a portion of all environmental health sciences research portfolios to environmental justice issues.
Strategies for Involving the Affected Populations
  • Strategy 2.4 Develop and use effective models of community participation in the design and implementation of research on environmental health and environmental justice.
  • Strategy 2.5 Give high priority to participatory research when addressing the research needs of communities with environmental justice concerns.
  • Strategy 2.6 Involve the affected community in designing the protocol, collecting data, and disseminating the results of research on environmental justice issues.
Strategy for Communicating with Stakeholders
  • Strategy 2.7 Ensure that communities of concern have a full understanding of the purposes, methods, and results of any research done in their communities.


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