Page 141

Acronyms And Abbreviations

ACSYS

Arctic Climate System Study

ACW

Antarctic Circumpolar Wave

CFC

Chlorofluorocarbon

CGCM

Coupled general-circulation model

CLIMAP

Climate Mapping Project

CLIVAR

Climate Variability and Predictability Programme (WCRP)

CMDL

Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory (NOAA)

COWL

Cool ocean-warm land pattern

CTD

Conductivity-Temperature-Depth instrument

Dec-cen

Decade-to-century-scale

DU

Dobson unit (of ozone amount)

EOF

Empirical orthogonal function

ENSO

E1 Niño/Southern Oscillation

GCM

General-circulation model

GCOS

Global Climate Observing System

GEWEX

Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment

GLOSS

Global Sea Level Observing System

GOALS

Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System Program

GOOS

Global Ocean Observing System

GSA

Great Salinity Anomaly

GSDW

Greenland Sea Deep Water

Gt

Gigaton (1015 grams)

GTOS

Global Terrestrial Observing System

IGY

International Geophysical Year

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

ITCZ

Intertropical Convergence Zone

LSW

Labrador Sea Water

MARVOR

A multi-cycle RAFOS float

masl

meters above sea level

NAO

North Atlantic Oscillation

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NPP

Net primary productivity

OCS

Carbonyl sulfide

PAGES

Past Global Changes core project

PALACE

Profiling Autonomous Lagrangian Circulation Explorer

PDO

Pacific (inter)Decadal Oscillation

PDSI

Palmer drought severity index

PNA

Pacific-North American pattern

RAFOS

Floating measurement device utilizing the Sound Fixing and Ranging (SOFAR) channel

SAGE

Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment

SAM I & II

Stratospheric Aerosol Measurement experiments I & II

SPMW

Subpolar Mode Water

SLP

Sea-level pressure

SMMR

Satellite Multifrequency Microwave Radiometer

SOI

Southern Oscillation Index

SPARC

Stratospheric Processes and their Role in Climate

SSM/I

Special Sensor Microwave/Imager

SST

Sea surface temperature

Sv

Sverdrup (106 m3/s)

THC

Thermohaline circulation

TOGA

Tropical Oceans and Global Atmosphere program

TOMS

Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer



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Page 141 Acronyms And Abbreviations ACSYS Arctic Climate System Study ACW Antarctic Circumpolar Wave CFC Chlorofluorocarbon CGCM Coupled general-circulation model CLIMAP Climate Mapping Project CLIVAR Climate Variability and Predictability Programme (WCRP) CMDL Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory (NOAA) COWL Cool ocean-warm land pattern CTD Conductivity-Temperature-Depth instrument Dec-cen Decade-to-century-scale DU Dobson unit (of ozone amount) EOF Empirical orthogonal function ENSO E1 Niño/Southern Oscillation GCM General-circulation model GCOS Global Climate Observing System GEWEX Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment GLOSS Global Sea Level Observing System GOALS Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System Program GOOS Global Ocean Observing System GSA Great Salinity Anomaly GSDW Greenland Sea Deep Water Gt Gigaton (1015 grams) GTOS Global Terrestrial Observing System IGY International Geophysical Year IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change ITCZ Intertropical Convergence Zone LSW Labrador Sea Water MARVOR A multi-cycle RAFOS float masl meters above sea level NAO North Atlantic Oscillation NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPP Net primary productivity OCS Carbonyl sulfide PAGES Past Global Changes core project PALACE Profiling Autonomous Lagrangian Circulation Explorer PDO Pacific (inter)Decadal Oscillation PDSI Palmer drought severity index PNA Pacific-North American pattern RAFOS Floating measurement device utilizing the Sound Fixing and Ranging (SOFAR) channel SAGE Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment SAM I & II Stratospheric Aerosol Measurement experiments I & II SPMW Subpolar Mode Water SLP Sea-level pressure SMMR Satellite Multifrequency Microwave Radiometer SOI Southern Oscillation Index SPARC Stratospheric Processes and their Role in Climate SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave/Imager SST Sea surface temperature Sv Sverdrup (106 m3/s) THC Thermohaline circulation TOGA Tropical Oceans and Global Atmosphere program TOMS Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer

OCR for page 141
Page 142 UV-B Ultraviolet B radiation XBT Expendable bathythermograph XCTD Expendable conductivity-temperature-depth instrument WCRP World Climate Research Programme WOCE World Ocean Circulation Experiment