APPENDIX B
Acronyms and Abbreviations


ACARS

Automated Communication and Recording System

AES

Atmospheric Environment Service (Canada)

ARM

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program (DOE)

ASOS

Automated Surface Observing System (NOAA)

AVHRR

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (NOAA)


BALTEX

Baltic Sea Experiment (northern Europe)

BATS

Biosphere-Atmosphere Transfer Scheme

BOREAS

Boreal Ecosystems-Atmosphere Study

BSRN

Baseline Surface Radiation (measurement) Network SRB Climatology Project (GEWEX)


CAGEX

CERES-ARM-GEWEX experiment

CART

Cloud and Radiation Testbed (ARM)

CASES

Cooperative Atmosphere-Surface Exchange Study

CASH

Commercial Aircraft Sensing of Humidity

CCM

Community Climate Model

CD-ROM

Compact Disk, Read-Only Memory

CERES

Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (NASA)

CLAVR

Clouds from the AVHRR

CLIVAR

Climate Variability and Prediction Program

CMC

Canadian Meteorological Centre

CRM

Cloud-resolving models

CSA

continental-scale area


DAAC

Data Acquisition and Archive Center (NASA)

DACOM

Data Collection and Management



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GCIP Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Continental-Scale International Project: A Review of Progress and Opportunities APPENDIX B Acronyms and Abbreviations ACARS Automated Communication and Recording System AES Atmospheric Environment Service (Canada) ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program (DOE) ASOS Automated Surface Observing System (NOAA) AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (NOAA) BALTEX Baltic Sea Experiment (northern Europe) BATS Biosphere-Atmosphere Transfer Scheme BOREAS Boreal Ecosystems-Atmosphere Study BSRN Baseline Surface Radiation (measurement) Network SRB Climatology Project (GEWEX) CAGEX CERES-ARM-GEWEX experiment CART Cloud and Radiation Testbed (ARM) CASES Cooperative Atmosphere-Surface Exchange Study CASH Commercial Aircraft Sensing of Humidity CCM Community Climate Model CD-ROM Compact Disk, Read-Only Memory CERES Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (NASA) CLAVR Clouds from the AVHRR CLIVAR Climate Variability and Prediction Program CMC Canadian Meteorological Centre CRM Cloud-resolving models CSA continental-scale area DAAC Data Acquisition and Archive Center (NASA) DACOM Data Collection and Management

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GCIP Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Continental-Scale International Project: A Review of Progress and Opportunities 4DDA four-dimensional data assimilation DMSS Data Management and Service System (GCIP) DOD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy DOI Department of Interior ECMWF European Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts EDAS Eta Model Data Assimilation System (NCEP) EDC Earth Resources Observation Satellite Data Center (USGS) ENSO El Niño-Southern Oscillation EOP Enhanced Observing Period EOS Earth Observing System (NASA, MTPE) ERBE Earth Radiation Budget Experiment ESOP Enhanced Seasonal Observing Period Eta (Name of an NMC model using the Greek letter for the vertical coordinate) FIFE First ISLSCP Field Experiment FSL Forecast Systems Laboratory (NOAA) GAME GEWEX Asian Monsoon Experiment GCIP GEWEX Continental-Scale International Project GCM general circulation (atmospheric) model GCMD Global Change Master Directory (NASA-EOSDIS) GCSS GEWEX Cloud Systems Study GDAS Global Data Assimilation System (NCEP) GEWEX Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (WCRP) GHP GEWEX Hydrometeorology Panel GIDS GCIP Initial Data Set GIST GCIP Implementation System Test GOALS Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (NOAA) GPCP Global Precipitation Climatology Project (WCRP) GPS global positioning system GREDS GCIP Reference Data Set GTS Global Telecommunications System HAPEX Hydrologic-Atmospheric Pilot Experiment (France) IEOS International Earth Observing System IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme IGPO International GEWEX Project Office IOP intensive observational period IR infrared ISA intermediate-scale area ISCCP International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project ISLSCP International Satellite Land Surface Climatology Project LBA Land Biosphere-Atmosphere program (Brazil)

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GCIP Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Continental-Scale International Project: A Review of Progress and Opportunities LDAS Land Data Assimilation System LSA large-scale (study) area (GCIP) LSA-SW LSA-Southwest LSP land surface parameterization MAGS MacKenzie River GEWEX Study MAPS Mesoscale Analysis and Prediction System (NCEP) MOLTS Model Output Location Time Series MORDS Model Output Reduced Data Set MTPE Mission to Planet Earth (NASA) NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research NCDC National Climate Data Center (NOAA) NCEP National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NOAA) NDVI Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (AVHRR) NESDIS National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service NEXRAD Next-Generation Weather Radar system (see also WSR-88D) NMC National Meteorological Center (recently changed to National Centers for Environmental Prediction, NCEP) NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NRC National Research Council NRCS Natural Resource Conservation Service NWP numerical weather prediction NWS National Weather Service OH Office of Hydrology (NOAA) PACS Pan-American Climate Study PBL Planetary Boundary Layer PILPS Project for Intercomparison of Land Surface Parameterization Schemes (GEWEX) RAMS Regional Area Modeling System RASS radioacoustic sensing system RFE regional finite element RS remote sensing SCS Soil Conservation Service (recently changed to Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) SRB Surface Radiation Budget SSA small-scale area SSM/I Special Sensor Microwave Imager (DOD, DMSP) SSURGO Soil Survey Geographic Database (USDA) STATSGO State Soil Geographic Database (USDA) SURFRAD Surface Radiation Budget Network (NOAA) TIROS Television and Infrared Observation Satellite TKE Turbulent Kinetic Energy TOVS TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder

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GCIP Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Continental-Scale International Project: A Review of Progress and Opportunities TRMM Tropical Rain Measuring Mission (NASDA-NASA) TVA Tennessee Valley Authority UCAR University Corporation for Atmospheric Research USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USGS U.S. Geological Survey USWRP U.S. Weather Research Program VAD velocity azimuth display VORTEX Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment WCRP World Climate Research Programme WSR-88D Weather Surveillance Radar 1988-Doppler (see also NEXRAD) WWW World Wide Web