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Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations ADCP Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler AGU American Geophysical Union AESOPS Southern Ocean Process Study ALACE Autonomous Lagrangian Circulation Explorer AMS Accelerator Mass Spectrometer AO Announcement of Opportunity APROPOS Advance and Primary Opportunities in Physical Oceanography Studies ARI Accelerated Research Initiatives ASLO American Society of Limnology and Oceanography ATM NSF Atmospheric Sciences Division AUV Autonomous Vehicles BATS Bermuda Atlantic Time-Series Study BI-OMP Biotechnological Investigations—Ocean Margins Program CCCO Committee on Climate Changes and the Ocean CDIAC Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center CEPEX Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment CIRES Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (University of Colorado) CLIMAP Climate: Long-Range Investigation, Mapping, and Prediction CLIVAR Climate Variability and Predictability Programme
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CLIVAR—ACC CLIVAR on Anthropogenic Climate Change CLIVAR—DecCen CLIVAR—Decadal to Centennial CLIVAR—GOALS CLIVAR on Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System COARE TOGA Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment CoOP Coastal Ocean Processes COP NOS Coastal Ocean Program CoPO Coastal Physical Oceanography CORE Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education CTD Conductivity, Temperature, and Depth CUEA Coastal Upwelling and Ecosystem Analysis DA Data Assimilation DAC Data Assembly Center DIU Data Information Unit DMO Data Management Office DOE U.S. Department of Energy DRI Departmental Research Initiatives DSDP Deep-Sea Drilling Program EAR NSF Earth Science Division EGB Environmental Geochemistry and Biogeochemistry program EMP Enhanced Monitoring Period ENSO El Niño/Southern Oscillation EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ERL OAR Environmental Research Laboratories FAMOUS French-American Undersea Study FIP Fleet Improvement Plan FOCUS Future of Ocean Chemistry in the United States FUMAGES Future of Marine Geology and Geophysics GDP Gross Domestic Product GEOSECS Geochemical Ocean Sections GLOBEC Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics GOALS Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System GOFS Global Ocean Flux Study GOOS Global Ocean Observing System HOTS Hawaii Ocean Time-Series ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions IDOE International Decade of Ocean Exploration IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme IGY International Geophysical Year IMET Improved Meteorological Package IOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission
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IOP Intensive Observing Period IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IRI International Research Institute ISOS International Southern Ocean Studies JGOFS Joint Global Ocean Flux Study JGR Journal of Geophysical Research JOI Joint Oceanographic Institutions, Inc. JOIDES Joint Oceanographic Institution for Deep Earth Sampling JSC Joint Scientific Committee LADCP Lowered Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler LEXEN Life in EXtreme ENvironments LMER Land Margin Ecosystem Research LOICZ Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone LRP Long-Range Science Plan MANOP Manganese Nodule Project MCS Multi-Channel Seismic MESH Marine aspects of Earth System History MG&G Marine Geology and Geophysics MMS Modular Modeling System MODE Mid-Ocean Dynamics Experiment MOP Major Oceanographic Program MOR Mid Ocean Ridge MOU Memorandum of Understanding MTPE NASA Mission to Planet Earth NAE National Academy of Engineering NAS National Academy of Sciences NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASCO NAS Committee on Oceanography NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization NAVOCEANO Naval Oceanographic Office NCEP National Centers for Environmental Prediction NESDIS National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service NMFS National Marine Fisheries Service NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NODC National Oceanographic Data Center NOPP National Ocean Partnership Program NORPAX North Pacific Experiment NOS National Ocean Service NRC National Research Council NRL Naval Research Laboratories NSF National Science Foundation
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NSIDC National Snow and Ice Data Center NWS National Weather Service OAR Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research OCE NSF Ocean Sciences Division OCFS Oceanographic Centers and Facilities Section ODP Ocean Drilling Program OEUVRE Ocean Ecology: Understanding and Vision for Research OGP Office of Global Programs OMP Ocean Margins Program ONR U.S. Office of Naval Research OSB Ocean Studies Board OSRS Ocean Sciences Research Section POLYMODE Mid-Ocean Dynamics Experiment eddies division R/V research vessel RFP request for proposals RIDGE Ridge Inter-Disciplinary Global Experiments ROSCOP Report of Observations and Samples Collected on Oceanographic Programs ROV Remotely Operated Vehicles S&T science and technology SeaWIFS Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor SOSUS Sound Surveillance System SSC Scientific Steering Committee SSG Scientific Steering Group TDD Telephonic Device for the Deaf T-POP TOGA Program on Prediction TOGA Tropical Oceans and Global Atmosphere Program TOGA TAO TOGA Tropical Atmosphere-Ocean array TOPEX Ocean Surface Topography Experiment TS temperature-salinity UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization UNOLS University-National Oceanographic Laboratory Systems USGCRP United States Global Change Research Program USSAC United States Science Advisory Committee USSSP United States Science Support Program WCRP World Climate Research Program WHP World Hydrographic Program WMO World Meteorological Organization WOCE World Ocean Circulation Experiment
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