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Appendix C
Lethal and Incapacitating Chemical Weapons



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Page 260 Appendix C Lethal and Incapacitating Chemical Weapons

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Page 261 Lethal and Incapacitating Chemical Weapons Agent Effects Onset First Aid Nerve Agents       GA (Tabun), ethyl N,N-dimethyl-phosphoramidocyanidate Miosis, rhinorrhea, dyspnea, convulsions seconds to minutes Atropine, pralidoxime, anticonvulsants, ventilation GB (Sarin), isopropyl-methylphosphorofluoridate       GD (Soman), Trimethylpropylmethylphosphorofluoridate       GF, cyclohexyl-methylphosphorofluoridate       VX, o-ethyl S-[2-(diiospropylamino)ethyl]methylphosphorofluoridate       Vesicants       H, HD (mustard), bis-2-chlorethyl sulfide Erythema, blisters, eye irritation, dyspnea minutes to hours Decontamination, topical antibiotics, bronchodilators, ventilation CX (Phosgene oxime), dichloroformoxime       L (Lewisite), J-chlorovinyldichloroarsine     British antilewisite Cyanide       AC (Hydrocyanic acid) Loss of consciousness, convulsions, apnea minutes Nitrites, sodium thiosulfate CK (Cyanogen chloride)       Pulmonary Agents       CG (phosgene), carbonyl chloride Dyspnea, coughing minutes to hours Oxygen, ventilation, bronchodilators DP (Diphosgene), trichloromethylchlorformate       Continued on next page

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Page 262 Lethal and Incapacitating Chemical Weapons (Continued) Agent Effects Onset First Aid Riot Control Agents       CS, 2-chlorobenzylidenemalononitrile Burning stinging of eyes, nose, airway, vomiting seconds to minutes Water for eyes, skin, bronchodilators, oxygen, ventilation for lungs CN, 1-chloroacetophenone       CR, dibenz (b,F)-1:4-oxazepine       CA, bromobenzylcyanide       DM, diphenylaminearsine       DA, diphenylchlorarsine       DC, diphenylcyanoarsine       Opioids       Carfentanil Dyspnea, ataxia, catatonia minutes Naloxone, nalmefene, naltrexone, ventilation Sufentanil       Anesthetics       Chloroform Analgesia, loss of reflexes and conciousness minutes Ventilation Halothane       Cyclopropane       Ether       Antimuscarinics       BX, 3-quinuclidinyl benzilate mydriasis, erythema, ataxia, delirium 1 hour Tacrine, physostigmine Cholinergics       Nicotine Weakness, tremors, apnea, convulsions minutes Mecamylamine Epibatidine       Anatoxin A