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108 From Monsoons to Microbes: Understanding the Ocean's Role in Human Health Sommer, Alfred and W. Henry Mosley. 1972. "East Bengal Cyclone, Nov. 1970: L;pidem~olog~cal Approach to L)~saster Assessment." Lancet. May 13, 1972. pp. 1029-1036. Sommer, Alfred and W. Henry Mosley. 1 973. The Cyclone: Medical Assistance and Determination of Relief and Rehabilitation Needs. Disaster in Bangladesh. Health crises in a developing nation. Lincoln C. Chen, ed. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. 122 pp. Stauber, R.H., K. Horie, P. Carney, E.A., Hudson, N.~. Tarasova, G.A. Gaitanaris, and G.N. Paviakis. ~ 998. "Development and applications of enhances green fluorescent protein mutants." BioTechniques. 24:462-471. Steidinger, K.A. ~ 983. "A re-evaluation of toxic dinoflageliate biology and ecology." Prog. Phycol. Res. F.E. Round and V.~. Chapman, eds. Elsevier, New York. Vol. 2:147-~. Steidinger, K.A. and D.G. Baden. 1984. DinoflagelIates. D.~. Spector, ed. Orlando, Florida: Academic Press. pp.201-261. Steidinger K.A. , I.H. Landsberg, and E. W. Truby. In Review. "Cryptosperidenopsis bronchi gen. et sp. nov. (Dinophyceae), a small lightly armoured dinoflagellate similar to Pfiesteria." Stone, G.W. and C.W. Fired. 1995. "Preface to Special Issue on Hurricane Andrew." ]. Coastal Res. Special Issue. 2 1: ~ -364. Stone, R. 1995. "If the Mercury Soars, So May Health Hazards." Science. 267:957- 958. Suffness, M., D.~. Newman, and K. Snader. ~ 989. Bioorganic Marine Chemistry. Scheuer, P.~., ed. New York, NY: Spr~nger-VerIag. Vol. 3:131-168. Tabacco, Mary Beth, Mahesh UttamIal, Mar~ann McAllister, and David R. Walt. 1998. "An Autonomous Sensor and Telemetry System for Low-Leve! cCO2 Measurements in Seawater." Accepted: Analytical Chemistry. October, 1998. Takahashi, C., Y. Takai, Y. Kimura, A. Numata, N. Shigematsu, and H. Tanaka. ~ 995. Phytochemis~y. 38: ~ 55. Takenaka, M., A.S. Preston, H.M. Kwon, and I.S. Handler. 1994. "The tonicity- sensitive element that mediates increased transcription of the betaine transporter gene in response to hypertonic stress." ]. Biol. Chem. 269:29379-29381.

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Page 115 Appendix A Committee Biographies WILLIAM FENICAL received his Ph.D. in organic chemistry from the University of California at Riverside in 1968. Since 1983, he has served as a professor of oceanography for Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) at the University of California in San Diego. In 1996, Dr. Fenical took on the role of director of the Center for Marine Biotechnology and Biomedicine at SIO. In addition, he serves as the coordinator for the University of California Sea Grant College Program. Dr. Fenical's background is in the area of marine chemistry. DANIEL BADEN received his Ph.D. in biochemistry from the University of Miami in 1977 and he currently serves as a professor of marine biology at the University of Miami. Dr. Baden directs one of five NIEHS Marine and Freshwater Biomedical Sciences Centers. Miami's Center focuses on marine toxicology, with an active interest in toxic dinoflagellates and the hazardous environmental chemicals they produce. MAURICE BURG earned his M.D. from Harvard Medical School in 1955. He currently serves as chief of the Laboratory of Kidney and Electrolyte Metabolism for the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Dr. Burg's research in kidney homeostasis has focused on how osmolytes counteract the denaturing effects of urea in the medulla of the kidney, a compensatory mechanism that was first identified in studies of the high concentrations of urea in the tissues of sharks and rays. Dr. Burg is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. CLAUDE DE VILLE DE GOYET received his M.D. from the University of Louvain, Belgium in 1965. He currently serves as the chief of emergency preparedness for

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Page 116 the Pan American Health Organization. Dr. de Ville de Goyet's formal training is in tropical medicine, public hygiene, malariology, and filariology; however, his avocation is the application of this knowledge to disaster relief (specifically, ocean disasters). DARRELL JAY GRIMES received his Ph.D. in microbiology from Colorado State University in 1971. He currently serves as the director of the Institute of Marine Sciences at the University of Southern Mississippi. Dr. Grimes' research interests include the microbiology of waste disposal and environmental contaminants, microbiological quality of water resources, and the long-term survival of bacteria. MICHAEL KATZ, a pediatrician, received his M.D. degree in 1956 from the State University of New York and, in 1963, earned a M.S. degree from Columbia University in tropical medicine and parasitology. His clinical expertise is in pediatric infectious diseases. He currently serves as vice president for research for the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation and is also Carpentier Professor, Emeritus of Pediatrics at Columbia University, where he chaired the Department of Pediatrics from 1976 to 1992. Dr. Katz's research interests include mechanisms of latency of neurotrophic viruses, relationship between malnutrition and infection, and diarrheal disease. Dr. Katz is a member of the Institute of Medicine. NANCY MARCUS received a Ph.D. in biology from Yale University in 1976. She currently serves as director of the Florida State University Marine Laboratory and is a professor in the Department of Oceanography. Dr. Marcus' research interests include evolution, ecology, population genetics of marine zooplankton, and dormancy. She is currently a member of the Ocean Studies Board. SHIRLEY POMPONI earned her Ph.D. in biological oceanography from the University of Miami, RSMAS, in 1977. For the past four years she has led the Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution's Division of Biomedical Marine Research in the discovery of novel, marine-derived, biologically-active compounds with therapeutic potential. The major emphasis of her research is on the development of methods for sustainable use of marine resources for drug discovery and development. PETER RHINES received his Ph.D. in oceanography at Trinity College, Cambridge University, in 1967. Dr. Rhines currently serves as a professor of oceanography and atmospheric sciences at the University of Washington. His research interests include the ocean/atmosphere general circulation, climate change, and the motion of trace chemicals. He has a field program in the Labrador Sea, as well as maintaining a geophysical fluid dynamics laboratory and computer modeling. Dr. Rhines is a member of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Page 117 PATRICIA TESTER earned a Ph.D. in oceanography at Oregon State University in 1983. She serves as a research fishery biologist for the National Marine Fisheries Service. Dr. Tester's interests include the effect of climatology, circulation, and water column conditions on the initiation, growth, and transport of phytoplankton blooms. JOHN VENA earned his Ph.D. in epidemiology from the State University of New York in 1980. He serves as associate chairman and professor for the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine at the University at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences. Dr. Vena has a wide variety of research interests in Environmental Epidemiology, which have included risk perception, and the impact of consumption of contaminated fish on reproductive health. NRC Staff: SUSAN ROBERTS (project director) earned a Ph.D. in Marine Biology from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Dr. Roberts is a program officer for the National Research Council's Ocean Studies Board. Dr. Roberts staffs studies on marine resources and health effects of climate change at the National Research Council. Her research interests include marine microbiology, fish physiology, marine biotechnology, and biomedicine.

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112 From Monsoons to Microbes: Understanding the Ocean's Role in Human Health with water stress: Evolution of osmolyte systems." Science. 217: ~ 21 4-]222. Yasumoto, T., Y. Oshima, and W. Sugawara. 1980. "identification of Donophysis fort)! as the causative organism of diarrhetic shellfish poisoning." Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 46:1405-1411. Yayanos, A.A. 199S. "Microbiology to 10,500 meters in the deep sea." Annul Rev. Microbiol. 49:777-805. Zeballos, Jose Luis. 1993. "Effects of Natural Disasters on the Health Infrastructure: Lessons from a Medical Perspective." Bulletin of PA HO. 27~4~. Zeppetello, M.A. ~ 98S. "National and international regulation of ocean dumping: A mandate to terminate marine disposal of contaminated sewage sludge." Ecology Law Quarterly 12:619. Zilinskas, Raymond A., Rita R. Colwell, Douglas W. Lipton, and Russell T. Hill. ~ 99S. The Global Challenge of Marine Biotechnology. College Park, Maryland: Maryland Sea Grant College. pp. ix, x, 126.