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Appendix B
Acronyms and Abbreviations

ADP

Adenosine 5'-DiPhosphate

AFRES

U.S. Air Force REServe

AIDS

Acquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome

APBL

Atmospheric Boundary Layer

AR

Aldose Reductase gene

ARA

ARachidonic Acid

ASP

Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning

AVHRR

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CFP

Ciguatera Fish Poisoning

CICR

Calcium-Induced Calcium Release

CLIVAR

Climate Variability and Predictability Programme

CPHC

Central Pacific Hurricane Center

CRADA

Cooperative Research and Development Agreement

DHA

DocosaHexenoic Acid

DNA

Deoxyribonucleic Acid

DOD

U.S. Department of Defense

DSP

Diarrheic Shellfish Poisoning

ELISA

Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

EMS

Emergency Medical Services

ENSO

El Niño/Southern Oscillation

EPA

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

FDA

U.S. Food and Drug Administration

FEMA

Federal Emergency Management Agency

GFP

Green Fluorescent Protein



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Page 119 Appendix B Acronyms and Abbreviations ADP Adenosine 5'-DiPhosphate AFRES U.S. Air Force REServe AIDS Acquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome APBL Atmospheric Boundary Layer AR Aldose Reductase gene ARA ARachidonic Acid ASP Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CFP Ciguatera Fish Poisoning CICR Calcium-Induced Calcium Release CLIVAR Climate Variability and Predictability Programme CPHC Central Pacific Hurricane Center CRADA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement DHA DocosaHexenoic Acid DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid DOD U.S. Department of Defense DSP Diarrheic Shellfish Poisoning ELISA Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay EMS Emergency Medical Services ENSO El Niño/Southern Oscillation EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency GFP Green Fluorescent Protein

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Page 120 GOOS Global Ocean Observing System HABs Harmful Algal Blooms HACCP Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point HHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services HIV Human Immuno-deficiency Virus hPa HectoPascals IgM Immunoglobulin M JTWC Joint Typhoon Warning Center MHCs Major Histocompatability Antigens MPF Meiosis Promoting Factor MPH Miles Per Hour NAADP Nicotnic Acid Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate NAO North Atlantic Oscillation NCI National Cancer Institute NHC National Hurricane Center NIH National Institutes of Health NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPNCDDGs Natural Products National Cancer Drug Discovery Groups NSF National Science Foundation NSP Neurotoxic Shellfish Poisoning NSSP National Shellfish Sanitation Program OBL Ocean Boundary Layer ONR Office of Naval Research ORE Osmotic Response Element PAH Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons PAHO Pan American Health Organization PCR Polymerase Chain Reaction PPM Parts Per Million PPT Parts Per Thousand PSP Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning PUFAs PolyUnsaturated Fatty Acids RNA Ribonucleic Acid RT-PCR Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction RVF Rift Valley Fever SBIR Small Business Innovative Research SeaWiFS Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor SRA Scanning Radar Altimeter SST Sea Surface Temperature TCs Tropical Cyclones TOPEX The Ocean TOPography Experiment USAID U.S. Agency for International Development USWRP U.S. Weather Research Program WAMDI WAve Model Development and Implementation Group

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Page 121 WCRs Warm Core Rings WHO World Health Organization WWRP World Weather Research Program

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Appendix A 116 University, where he chaired the Department of Pediatrics from 1 976 to 1 992. Dr. Katz's research interests include mechanisms of latency of neurotrophic viruses, relationship between malnutrition and infection, and diarrhea! disease. Dr. Katz is a member of the Institute of Medicine. Nancy Marcus received a Ph.D. in biology from Yale University in ~ 976. She currently serves as director of the Florida State University Marine Laboratory and is a professor in the Department of Oceanography. Dr. Marcus' research interests include evolution, ecology, population genetics of marine zooplarlkton, and dormancy. She is currently a member of the Ocean Studies Board. Shirley Pomponi earned her Ph.D. in biological oceanography from the University of Miami, RSMAS, in ~ 977. For the past four years she has led the Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution's Division of Biomedical Marine Research in the discovery of novel, mar~ne-derived, biologically-active compounds with therapeutic potential. The major emphasis of her research is on the development of methods for sustainable use of marine resources for drug discovery and development. Peter Rhines received his Ph.D. in oceanography at Trinity College, Cambridge University, in ~ 967. Dr. Rhines currently serves as a professor of oceanography and atmospheric sciences at the University of Washington. His research interests include the ocean/atmosphere general circulation, climate change, and the motion of trace chemicals. He has a field program in the Labrador Sea, as well as maintaining a grophysical fluid dynamics laboratory and computer modeling. Dr. Rhines is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. Patricia Tester earned a Ph.D. in oceanography at Oregon State University in ~ 983. She serves as a research fishery biologist for the National Marine Fisheries Service. Dr. Tester's interests include the effect of climatology, circulation, and water column conditions on the initiation, growth and transport of phytoplanlcton blooms. John Vena earned his Ph.D. in epidemiology from the State University of New York in 1980. He serves as associate chairman and professor for the Department of Social and Preventive Medicine at the University at Buffalo, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences. Dr. Vena has a wide variety of research interests in Environmental Epidemiology, which have included risk perception, and the Impact of consumption of contaminated fish on reproductive health. NRC Staff: Susan Roberts (project director) earned a Ph.D. in Marine Biology from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Dr. Roberts is a program officer for the National Research Council's Ocean Studies Board. Dr. Roberts staffs studies on marine resources and health effects of climate change at the National Research Council. Her research interests include marine microbiology, fish physiology, marine biotechnology and biomedicine.