poverty line. Skills intervention techniques for youth and parental skills intervention techniques will be used and their effects will be assessed. In addition, NCI has reissued an RFA for studies relating to the control of tobacco use among youth, including the ''identification and evaluation of factors influencing the decline of tobacco use among particular groups, for example, African American youth" (National Cancer Institute, 1998b, p. 51).
The American Stop Smoking Intervention Study (ASSIST) is a community-based intervention directed by local voluntary coalitions that plan and support tobacco control activities with the support of NCI, the American Cancer Society (ACS), and state and local health departments. More than 6,000 community organizations are involved in the initiative in 17 states. The ASSIST intervention model is based on smoking prevention and control methods established by research supported by NCI, as well as other research. NCI reports that although this Category II initiative is aimed at all populations in the targeted states, those groups with elevated smoking rates relative to that for the majority population, as well as those groups "that have displayed slower rates of decline (e.g., women, youth, the medically underserved, the less educated, and several ethnic minority populations)," will receive special focus (National Cancer Institute, 1998b, p. 52).
Noticeably absent from this portfolio of research on smoking interventions among specific ethnic groups and disadvantaged populations are smoking cessation research programs targeted to Asian-American and Pacific Islander populations (especially Southeast Asian populations, among whom tobacco use is among the highest of all U.S. ethnic groups) and medically underserved individuals (who also suffer from a high incidence of tobacco use).
The NCI-supported Category I and II study Reducing Cancer-Related Dietary Risk Behaviors in Adolescents targets a multiethnic population of lower-income students from two inner-city school districts in Minnesota to increase students' levels of consumption of fruits and vegetables and reduce their levels of intake of calories from total fat. Intervention components include a school curriculum addressing eating cues and the influence of advertising on food choices, a home intervention program to facilitate student-parent discussions of dietary choices, and a school environment component targeting food availability and incentives. Interventions will be implemented over a 2-year period, and evaluations will assess culturally appropriate strategies.