. "3 Overview of Programs of Research on Ethnic Minority and Medically Underserved Populations at the National Institutes of Health." The Unequal Burden of Cancer: An Assessment of NIH Research and Programs for Ethnic Minorities and the Medically Underserved. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 1999.
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Minority Access to Research Careers Summer Research Training Program . NCI, in collaboration with the Minority Access to Research Careers (MARC) program of the National Institute for General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), provides support to students from MARC institutions to participate in a summer research traineeship program at NCI's intramural laboratories. The program is designed to increase research training opportunities for minority MARC scholars interested in cancer-related research careers. Approximately $25,000 was allocated in FY 1997 to fund six students.
Travel Awards. CMBS provides travel fellowships for minority students to attend annual meetings of AACR. The program is intended to increase the participation of minority pre- and postdoctoral scientists in the annual meeting. Thirty-three awardees were funded in 1997; $73,000 was allocated for this activity in 1998. Similarly, funds were made available for the first time to support the travel of faculty at historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) to attend the AACR conference.
Mentored Career Development Award. NCI has invited individuals who have been recipients of an NIH Research Supplement for Underrepresented Minority Individuals in Postdoctoral Training or a Minority Investigator Supplement to apply for the Mentored Career Development Award, which is intended to provide a means of gaining scientific expertise while bridging the transition from a mentored research environment to an independent research or academic career. Approximately $950,000 was allocated for this K01 award, initially announced in an RFA in 1997, with approximately $1.25 million allocated in FY 1998. Ten awards were made in 1997.
More than $400,000 was allocated in FY 1997 for the following four Minority Health Professional Training Initiative awards:
Minority Oncology Leadership Academic Award. This award, available to faculty members at minority health professional schools, is offered to promote independent cancer research.
Clinical Investigator Award for Research on Special Populations. This K08 award is targeted to newly trained clinicians interested in designing research protocols aimed at improving the health of groups with disproportionately high cancer morbidity and mortality rates. The award enables clinicians to pursue 3 to 5 years of special study and supervised research experience and covers the transition between postdoctoral research and an independent research career.
Mentored Research Scientist Development Award. This award supports the development of faculty members at minority-serving institutions in areas relevant to cancer. The awardee is provided with a mentored relationship with outstanding cancer researchers at major research institutions. The objective of the award is to ''broaden the experience of faculty members at minority schools, to increase the pool of biomedical and behavioral investigators in cancer research, and have graduate and undergraduate students, most of whom will be minority individuals, become more cognizant of research opportunities in cancer research" (National Cancer Institute, 1998b, p. 23). Two such awards were made in 1994 and 1995.