offers funding to new faculty members at HBCUs to conduct basic science research relevant to the goals of NCI.

Small Business Innovative Research Grants and Technology Transfer Research Grants

The Small Business Innovation Research Grant and the Small Business Technology Transfer Research Grants provide funds to small businesses that develop technological, innovative, and cost-effective solutions to translating basic scientific knowledge into clinical and preventive cancer services. NCI reports that it made 10 such awards for ethnic minority projects in FY 1997, including several projects that develop targeted cancer prevention and education messages for African-American, Hispanic, or Native American populations, and 2 awards for the development of cancer information materials for populations with low levels of literacy.

Small Grant Program

NCI has established an R03 award mechanism to fund projects solicited by RFAs or program announcements that are preliminary short-term research projects limited in time (typically 2 to 3 years) and amount of support ($50,000 annually). NCI provided examples of five projects related to special populations funded through this mechanism, which typically allows investigators to test new ideas or conduct pilot studies. In addition, NCI funded eight awards pertaining to underserved minority women in FY 1997. These awards were made following the release of an RFA pertaining to the recruitment and retention of ethnic minority women in clinical and prevention trials.

Funding for Extramural Research Relevant to Ethnic Minority and Medically Underserved Populations

NCI reports that 127 extramural awards were made in FY 1997 to address the needs of specific special populations, including some of the research projects summarized above. "Special populations" include ethnic minorities, medically underserved groups, elderly people, blue-collar workers, and people living in rural areas (see Chapter 2). Awards are included in this tabulation only if the grant primarily targets one or more special populations. Nearly $44 million in funding was allocated to special populations research in FY 1997, an increase of more than $30 million since FY 1990 (see Table 3-4 and Figure 3-2).

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