well as its first African-American woman. She also serves as President of the AMA Education and Research Foundation. Dr. Benjamin attended Morehouse School of Medicine and received her M.D. from the University of Alabama Birmingham and her M.B.A. degree from Tulane University. She is a Diplomat of the American Board of Family Practice, and a Fellow of the American Academy of Family Physicians, and is a member of the Institute of Medicine. She was appointed to the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act Committee (CLIAC), and is a member of the Council on Graduate Medical Education (COGME).

Charles L. Bernett, M.D., Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Medicine at the Lakeside Veterans Administration Hospital, Senior Faculty Fellow at the Institute of Health Science Research and Policy Studies, and Chairman of the Health Policy Program for the Robert H. Lurie Cancer Center of Northwestern University (one of the 31 NCI designated comprehensive cancer centers in the United States). His research includes health outcomes, medical decision making, and health economy and financing. More recently, his research has focused on sociocultural barriers to health care, with studies evaluating the prevalence of low literacy among cancer patients who are lower socioeconomic status. Dr. Bennett is a member of the Health Service Committee of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, the Optimization for Health Care of the American Society of Hematology, and the Outcomes Committee of the National Comprehensive Cancer Center Network. He has a particular interest in strategies to improve the enrollment and conduct of clinical trials for cancer patients.

Baruch S. Blumberg, M.D., Ph.D., is currently Distinguished Scientist at Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia, and University Professor of Medicine and Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania. He was Master of Balliol College, Oxford University, from 1989 to 1994 and, prior to that, Associate Director for Clinical Research at Fox Chase from 1964. He was on the staff of the National Institutes of Health, Maryland, from 1957 to 1964. He earned an M.D. degreem from the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, and a Ph.D. in biochemistry from Oxford University. His research has covered many areas including clinical research, epidemiology, virology, genetics, and anthropology. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1976 for "discoveries concerning new mechanisms for the origin and dissemination of infectious diseases" and specifically for the discovery of the hepatitis B virus. In 1993, he was elected to the National Inventors Hall of Fame for the invention of the hepatitis B vaccine and the diagnostic test for hepatitis B. He has taught medical anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania and elsewhere, and has been a Visiting Professor



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