of evaluation must be chosen to match the character of research and its objectives. Furthermore, the committee believes that expert review is the most effective mechanism for evaluating the quality, leadership, and relevance of research (especially basic research) performed and funded by federal agencies. Ultimately, decisions regarding the selection and funding of research programs must be made by agency managers informed by expert review.



See Landau, Ralph, Technology, Economics, and Public Policy. In Landau, Ralph and Dale W. Jorgensen, eds. Technology and Economic Policy. Cambridge, Ballinger Publ. Co., 1986; Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government. Enabling the Future: Linking Science and Technology to Societal Goals (Carnegie Commission: New York, NY 1992); Nadiri, M. Ishaq. "Innovations and Technological Spillovers," Working Paper No. 4423 (National Bureau of Economic Research: Cambridge, MA, August 1993).

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