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--> Appendix C Project Summary The Government Performance and Results Act ("the Results Act") requires all agencies to set goals and to use performance measures for management and budgeting in order to encourage greater efficiency, effectiveness, and accountability in federal programs and spending. Development of plans to implement the Act has been particularly difficult for agencies responsible for research activities supported by the federal government because of the difficulty of linking results with annual investments in research. The Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (COSEPUP) of the National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine will conduct a three part study that will seek to Dialogue with federal agencies, oversight entities, the research community, industry, states, and those in other countries to identify and analyze the most effective approaches to assessing the results of research. Help the government determine how federal agencies may better incorporate and coordinate their research activities in their strategic plans and performance plans to improve the management and effectiveness of research programs. This would include a determination as to what can be reliably measured and the best mechanism for doing so;
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--> what cannot be measured; an evaluation of the extent to which a common analytic paradigm(s) could be used across agencies for assessing the results of extramural and intramural research programs and training and education of the scientific and engineering workforce; development of such a paradigm if feasible; and development of implementation principles and guidelines that could assist Congress and OMB in their review of agency's performance plans. Work to develop mechanisms to evaluate the actual impact of implementation of the Act on agency programmatic decisions and on the practices of research, identify lessons learned from implementation, identify best practices that could be used by other agencies or programs, and determine the most effective way for Congress and OMB to use the results of these plans. It will test out those mechanisms to the extent feasible during this timeframe.
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