Cover Image

PAPERBACK
$43.50



View/Hide Left Panel

TABLE C.1 Annual Incidence of Diarrheal Diseasea (episodes per individual per year)

 

Age Group (years)

Region

Under 2b

2–4b

Under 5

5–14

15–59

60 and Over

Africa

7.0

3.0

5

1

0.3

0.3

Asia

5.25

1.5

3

0.5

0.2

0.2

Latin America

6.0

2.0

4

1

0.25

0.25

Oceania

3.5

1.0

2

0.5

0.2

0.2

More developed countries

1–2

0.5

0.5

0.1

0.1

0.1

aModified from Programme for Control of Diarrhoeal Diseases (1984).

bUnder 5 years episodes are estimated to be distributed 0.7:0.3 between under 2 years and 2 to 4 years age groups.

TABLE C.2 Estimated 1984 Population for Regions Where Developing Countries Predominatea (thousands)

 

Age Group (years)

 

Region

Under 5

5–14

15–59

60 and Over

Total

Africa

96,802

141,459

265,451

27,288

531,000

Asia

343,700

666,402

1,472,242

179,656

2,662,000

Latin America

57,235

100,220

214,415

25,130

397,000

Oceania

822

1,285

2,620

273

5,000

Total

498,559

909,366

1,954,728

232,347

3,595,000

aDerived by applying the proportions of the 1980 population in various age groups to the mid-1984 population projections. See Chapter 4, Table 4.4, for the countries included.

million deaths). This total reasonably agrees with the estimated 3.5 million derived by the foregoing approach.

Tables C.6 and C.7 show the estimated distribution of the diarrheal disease burden by etiology. These estimates were derived from expert judgment after a review of available publications and from personal field experience. Only those etiologies for which vaccine prospects are reasonably promising were considered. Salmonella was subsequently dropped from consideration.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement