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TABLE C.3 Estimated Annual Number of Diarrheal Episodes for Various Regions (thousands)

 

Age Group (years)

Region

Under 5

5–14

15–59

60 and Over

Africa

484,010

141,459

79,635

8,186

Asia

1,031,100

333,201

294,448

35,931

Latin America

228,940

100,220

53,604

6,283

Oceania

1,644

643

524

55

Total

1,745,694

575,523

428,211

50,455

TABLE C.4 Estimated Proportion of Diarrheal Episodes by Severity and Consequences, Assuming Current Levels of Interventiona

 

Age Group (years)

Category

Under 5

5–14

15–59

60 and Over

A (mild)

0.9

0.99

0.99

0.95

B (moderate)

0.08

0.008

0.008

0.04

C (severe)

0.02

0.002

0.002

0.01

H (death)

0.002

0.0004

0.0003

0.0005

aThese values are estimated average proportions for all diarrheal etiologies. The number of episodes, which was ultimately derived by the methods presented here, reflects that for some pathogens severe cases are relatively more common than for all diarrheas aggregated (see Table C.9).

TABLE C.5 Morbidity Episodes and Mortality Arising from Diarrheal Disease

 

Age Group (years)

Category

Under 5

5–14

15–59

60 and Over

A (mild)

1,571,125

569,768

423,929

47,932

B (moderate)

139,656

4,604

3,426

2,018

C (severe)

34,914

1,151

856

505

H (death)

3,491

230

128

25



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