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OCR for page R17
The Navy and Marine Corps in Regional Conflict in the 21st Century Contents  PART 1:   SYNOPSIS   1      INTRODUCTION   1      NAVY AND MARINE CORPS MISSIONS AND OPERATIONAL CONCEPTS   2      COMMUNICATIONS CONNECTIVITY   5      C2, TARGETING, AND COMBAT IDENTIFICATION   6      Situational Awareness and Targeting for Long-Range Fire Support   6      Combat Identification   9      WEAPON SYSTEMS FOR LONG-RANGE FIRE SUPPORT   10      Guided Weapons: Capabilities and Needs   10      Reducing Guided Weapon Costs   11      RE-ENGINEERING THE LOGISTIC SYSTEM   13      Lift   14      Follow-on Support to the Initial Assault Echelon   14      Improved Distribution Efficiency   15      At-Sea Basing   16      COUNTERMINE WARFARE   16      ADDITIONAL MAJOR PROBLEM AREAS   17      Military Operations in Populated Areas   17      Field-Oriented Medical Support   18      Protecting the Force   18      JOINT AND COMBINED OPERATIONS   19      RESOURCES   20      SIGNIFICANCE OF THE OPERATIONAL AND FORCE CHANGES   21      Force Design and Support   21      Great Expansion of the Lodgment Area   21      Shorter Campaigns, Fewer Casualties, Less Damage   22      PRIORITIES   22

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The Navy and Marine Corps in Regional Conflict in the 21st Century  PART 2:   DISCUSSION   25     1  BACKGROUND   27      INTRODUCTION   27      KEY ASSUMPTIONS OF THE STUDY   30      CAPABILITIES OF POTENTIAL MILITARY OPPOSITION   32      NAVY AND MARINE CORPS MISSIONS AND CONCEPTS OF OPERATION   34      Missions   34      Evolving Navy and Marine Corps Concept of Operations   36      Implementing the New Form of OMFTS   38      Observations About Current Ability to Support the Concept   39     2  IMPROVING CAPABILITY TO PROVIDE LONG-RANGE FIRE SUPPORT   42      COMMUNICATIONS CONNECTIVITY   42      Current Situation   42      Future Communications Systems: the 2020 Vision   42      Recommended Actions   45      C2, TARGETING, AND COMBAT IDENTIFICATION   47      C2 and Targeting for Long-Range Fire Support   47      Combat Identification   54      WEAPON SYSTEMS FOR LONG-RANGE FIRE SUPPORT   56      Increased Need for Guided Weapons   56      Services' Planned and Potential Acquisition of Guided Weapons   59      Reducing the Cost of Guided Weapons   63      Recommended Actions   68     3  RE-ENGINEERING THE LOGISTIC SYSTEM   69      LIFT TO SUPPORT THE INITIAL ASSAULT ECHELON   69      FOLLOW-ON SUPPORT TO THE INITIAL ASSAULT ECHELON   71      INCREASING DISTRIBUTION EFFICIENCY   75

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The Navy and Marine Corps in Regional Conflict in the 21st Century      MOBILE OFFSHORE BASE   77      SUMMARY OF NECESSARY ACTIONS   79     4  COUNTERMINE WARFARE   82      RECOMMENDED ACTIONS   86     5  IMPROVING CAPABILITIES IN RELATED AREAS   87      MILITARY OPERATIONS IN POPULATED AREAS   87      Recommended Actions   89      ADVANCED MEDICAL LOGISTICS   90      Recommended Action   91      PROTECTING THE FORCE   91      Recommended Actions   93     6  SYNTHESIS   95      ISSUES IN JOINT AND COMBINED OPERATIONS   95      Key Areas of Emphasis to Refine Joint Operations   96      Key Areas of Emphasis to Refine Combined Operations   97      RESOURCES   98      Force Changes Required   98      Estimated Resources Required   99      Potential Sources of Resources and Relative Magnitude   102      Conclusion   102      SIGNIFICANCE OF THE OPERATIONAL AND FORCES CHANGES   102      Force Design and Support for Warfare Along the Littoral   103      Great Expansion of the Lodgment Area   103      Shorter Campaigns, Fewer Casualties, Less Damage   104      Duration of “Heavy Firepower” Campaign, and Consequences   104      Duration of Ground Combat and Consequences   105      Conclusion: Return on Investment   105      PRIORITIES   106

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The Navy and Marine Corps in Regional Conflict in the 21st Century  APPENDIX A:   TERMS OF REFERENCE   108      BACKGROUND   108      CHARGE TO THE NAVAL STUDIES BOARD   110  APPENDIX B:   ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS USED   112