APPENDIX D

Products of ONR-Supported Marine Research and Development

Tables D1-D8 follow.



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Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology APPENDIX D Products of ONR-Supported Marine Research and Development Tables D1-D8 follow.

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Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology TABLE D1 Products of ONR 32 Research in Sensors and Instrumentation Available Emerging Future multi-line arrays lidar (light detecting and ranging) sensors nuclear/biological/chemical monitoring air deployments of sensors laser line scan underwater imagery autonomous/networked components towed thermistor chains (plug-in) toroidal volume search sonar airborne hyperspectral optical scanners vorticity meters towed vertically directed source (TVDS) remotely piloted vehicle packages turbulence (oceanic and atmospheric) slotted acoustic sources microstate telemetry seafloor shear modulus profiler polymer acoustic sources   high-resolution seafloor imagery SPINNAKER UUV (unmanned undersea vehicle) RO/RO (roll on/roll off) aircraft data acquisition system surf-zone turbulence and sediment devices   laser in situ settling tube full depth towed gravimeter   ocean bottom seismometers superconducting gradiometer   acoustic doppler current profilers (ADCP) robust thermal anemometers   acoustic lance coherent acoustic doppler for turbulence   beta @ 180º meter focal plane array imaging radar (FOPAIR)   scanning ocean surface slope gauge remote (optical) slick detection   microlayer samplers aerosol samplers (in situ and remote)   fiber optic tow cables and connectors     polar ozone aerosol measurement system     ocean microstructure profilers     ice stress/deformation devices     suspended sediment acoustical backscatter sensor (ABSS)     Source: Office of Naval Research.

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Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology TABLE D2 Products of ONR 32 Research, Miscellaneous Available Emerging Future liquid pulsed power switch laser eye surgery for myopia rapid net deployments electron mobility in liquids explosive ordinance disposal methods biology (e.g., fish stock) management by acoustics   marine mammal tracking and tagging     undersea breathing systems     multi-gas sensor   Source: Office of Naval Research,

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Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology TABLE D3 Products of ONR 32 Research in Algorithms and Measurement/Analysis Techniques Available Emerging Future internal wave imaging (acoustic and optical) ocean color and bottom reflectance water quality by optics extremely low frequency/very low frequency/ low frequency (ELF/VLF/LF) radio propagation synthetic aperture sonar (SAS) underwater object ID by remote optics ocean stereophoto analysis under-ice optical transmission fusion of optical/acoustic signatures matched field processing marine radar “sea spikes” acoustic holography of underwater objects chirp sonar SAR polarimetry for wind stress through-the-sensor data assimilation seismo-acoustic velocities Lagrangian tracer processing stochastic (long-range acoustic) inversions deterministic tomography fathometer sediment classification mine countermeasures by neural nets synthetic aperture radar (SAR) for surface currents, ice thickness electromagnetic sediment classification ultra wideband (UWB) radar “spectroscopy” tunneling electron microscope (TEM)/ environmental cell cloud retrieval from AVHRR (advanced very high-resolution radiometer) over-the-horizon radar for ocean surface currents Lagrangian/Eulerian floats (adaptable) stochastic (ocean) tomography acoustic daylight towed profiling systems surrogate littoral environment ionospheric tomography inverted echo sounder geomorphology province classification marine boundary layer tomography near surface void (air) fraction acoustic thermometry real-time, all source survey optimization flow cytometry on a chip (for in situ devices) bottom tomography, sea ice tomography convection/subduction tracers in situ nitrate/nitrite tracers video plankton recorder   bottom acoustic loss (for mine countermeasures) 3-D imaging of sediments, particle velocimetry   towed profiling systems benthic surface activity scanner     high-capacity/low-power data storage     biologic distribution by acoustics     rainfall and breaking waves by passive acoustics     near-surface hydrodynamics via acoustic scanning   Source: Office of Naval Research.

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Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology TABLE D4 Products of ONR 32 Research in Evolution (Process) Models and Simulation Available Emerging Future optical radiative transfer (e,g., HYDROLIGHT) Langmuir circulations fully coupled nearshore wave/current/ bathymetry hydraulic control of straits new mixed layer models assimilating regional models radiation belt models frontal dynamics massively parallel codes surf-zone wave prediction aerosol nucleation on-scene analysis/forecast internal wave spectra 2-D and 3-D acoustic propogation/ reverberation coastal meteorology eddy-resolving (1.4º) basin models Kalman assimilation and fusion methods atmosphere-pulsed optical properties global ocean prediction (1/8º) radionuclide assessments embedded training and simulation coupled operational predictive models ice rafting, ridging, and leads virtual product developments ice/ocean/air prediction estuarine (dynamic) classification volume visualization tropical cyclone motion and structure marine boundary layer large-eddy simulation codes   distributed and interactive systems coastal water clarity simulations   simulator linking protocols littoral remote sensing simulations     sediment shock wave propogation     nearsurface bubble distributions     simulator control architectures/protocols (for uniform idelity)   Source: Office of Naval Research.

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Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology TABLE D5 Products of ONR 32 Research in Ocean/Civil/Coastal Engineering and Research Vessel Designs Available Emerging Future fish-bite damage assessment (cables) slack cable dynamics autonomous ocean sampling networks novel mooring designs (S-tether) full-induced vibration models for cable strumming nonlinear stochastic design vortex sediment resuspension expendable moorings shock mitigation for high-speed boats imbedded “design wave” stochastic simulations acoustic lenses shallow water sub-bottom swath mapping multiaxial material testing hand-held sonars offboard unmanned sensor platforms inductive modems (moorings) fish propulsion mechanisms real-time sensor fusion and model assimilation nonlinear floodgate models water jet propulsion (efficiency) parallel sampling from single ship wave groupiness effects high-speed projectile water entry adaptive remote sampling undersea membrane models “wick” combustor power source low- or self-powered gliders (ocean and atmosphere) 3-D unsteady flow codes infragravity surf wave models   lithium-seawater battery offshore bar migration and beach profile evolution   harbor/jetty wave attenuation high-temperature material fracture and constitutive behavior   destratification due to bubble plumes ice forces on structures   remote vehicle designs airship methods   floating instrument platform (FLIP) remotely piloted aircraft (RPAs)   arctic logistics/methods arctic submarine   manned submersibles (ALVIN) profiler motion compensation   remotely operated vehicle (ROV) controls “expendable” mini-winch   deep-submergence ROVs profiling CTD   ROV/AUV tools (e.g., rock drill)     Source: Office of Naval Research.

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Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology TABLE D6 Products of ONR 33 Research in Environmental Protection and Materials and Coatings Available Emerging Future large and small shipboard solid waste pulper nontoxic, antifouling coatings shipboard HAZMAT destruction solid waste shredder automated underwater hull maintenance vehicle shipboard air conditioning systems oil-water separator inhibitor of vandate corrosion shipboard refrigeration systems paint removal and containment system paints without volatile organic compounds new antifouling coatings shipboard, gray water treatment system electrochemical spectroscopy for coating evaluation   shipboard, oily wastewater treatment system     remote sensing of crevice corrosion     water-displacing coatings     microencapsulation for coatings     Source: Office of Naval Research.

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Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology TABLE D7 Products of ONR 34 Research in Biofouling, Biocorrosion and Biosensors, and Marine Mammal Studies Available Emerging Future duplex coating system, reduces toxic curing nonfouling materials algal biotechnology zinc optic fiber biosensor structural materials for sensor array scaffolding molecular composites diving physiology of marine mammals biosensors with combination of receptors sediment biogeochemistry information on low-frequency sound impacts biomimetic autonomous underwater vehicles     biomimetic engineering of sonars, signal processing   Source: Office of Naval Research.

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Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology TABLE D8 Products of NRL 7000 Research in Acoustics, Remote Sensing, Oceanography, Marine Geosciences, and Marine Meteorology Available Emerging Future acoustic signal processing deep-towed acoustic geophysics system simulation of acoustics at-sea acoustic sensors for locating objects fiber-optic strain sensors modeling and simulation of remote sensing ocean modeling and prediction ultraviolet cameras   advanced techniques for mapping seafloor biocorrosion research   probes for pore-water pressure bioluminescence system   Polar Ozone Aerosol Measurement system simulation, visualization, and image analysis techniques   shipboard systems for data management, processing, display, and dissemination digital database design and data compression techniques   Source: Office of Naval Research.

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