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OCR for page 67
Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology APPENDIX E Acronyms and Definitions ARPA —Advanced Research Projects Agency AUV —autonomous underwater vehicle, an untethered submersible capable of operating without receiving real—time instructions CNR —Chief of Naval Research, administrative head of the Office of Naval Research CRDA or CRADA —Cooperative Research and Development Agreement, a co—operative agreement between a federal agency or agencies and any nongovernment party DOD —Department of Defense DTT — Domestic Technology Transfer, a program implemented by the Navy and other agencies to manage and monitor the transfer of technology to the nonmilitary sector FTE —Full—time effort or equivalent, a measure of work or effort considered to be equivalent to one individual working full time NASA —National Aeronautics and Space Administration NIST —National Institute for Standards and Technology, a federal agency within the Department of Commerce NRAC —Naval Research Advisory Commission NRL —Naval Research Laboratory, an agency within the Office of Naval Research
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Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology NRL 7000 — an organizational entity within the Naval Research Laboratory specifically responsible for ocean and atmospheric science and space technology NTIS — National Technology Information Service ONR — Office of Naval Research, the primary agency within the Department of the Navy responsible for conducting and sponsoring scientific research and technology development for use by the fleet ONR 32 — Department of Ocean, Atmosphere and Space Science and Technology, organizational entity within the Office of Naval Research responsible for conducting and sponsoring scientific research and technology development for use in the ocean, atmosphere, or space ONR 321 —Sensing and Systems Division, primary program within ONR 32 within which remote sensing research and development is housed ONR 322 —Modeling and Prediction Division, program within ONR 32 ONR 33 —Engineering Materials and Physical Science and Technology Department, organizational entity within the Office of Naval Research primarily responsible for developing new materials for use in naval equipment ONR 34 —Personnel Optimization and Biomolecular Science and Technology Department, organizational entity within Office of Naval Research primarily responsible for research and development for systems that interface with the biosphere (e.g., work equipment, coatings to reduce barnacle attachment) ONR 36 —Industrial Programs Department, organizational entity within the Office of Naval Research responsible for research and development in manufacturing science and industry outreach ORTA —Office of Research and Technology Application, a function established in each DOD activity to coordinate the Domestic Technology Transfer Program as outlined in DOD 3200.12—R—4 OSB —Ocean Studies Board of the National Research Council PI — principal investigator R&D —research and development ROV —remotely operated vehicle, an undersea vehicle that receives instructions from a surface vessel or manned submersible or similar remote location, commonly over a communications tether or cable S&T —science and technology SBIR —Small Business Innovation Research, a program sponsored by federal agencies such as the Navy to facilitate the commercialization of technology by small businesses TRP —Technology Reinvestment Program, programs that emphasize cost—shar-
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Expanding the Uses of Naval Ocean Science and Technology ing cooperation between federal agencies and the civilian sector for the development of military technology for nonmilitary use TTC —Technology Transfer Cooperation, a mechanism specifically suggested in this report as a means to further facilitate the transfer of technology from the Navy to the nonmilitary sector 6.1 —basic and applied research, a federal funding category that targets the earliest stages of technology development 6.2 —exploratory development, a federal funding category that targets intermediate stages of technology development, in which original concepts are developed for potential operational use (e.g., design of a prototype) 6.3 —advanced development, a federal funding category that targets the last stages of technology development before concepts are made fully operational (e.g., construction and testing of a prototype)
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