In item 303, section 2118, the act outlined a national program—the Electric and Magnetic Fields Research and Public Information Dissemination (EMF-RAPID) program—intended to be a partnership between government and industry. Three main directives were given: to determine whether exposure to 60-Hz MFs produced by the generation, transmission, and use of electric energy affects human health; to carry out research in and development and demonstration of technologies that could mitigate any adverse human health effects; and to provide for dissemination of information related to possible human health effects of MF exposure. The legislation also called for establishment of a National EMF Interagency Committee (IAC) and a National EMF Advisory Committee (NEMFAC) to guide these efforts. The legislation directed the secretary of energy to enter into an agreement with the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) whereby NAS would evaluate the research activities completed under the program and report its findings to DOE, IAC, and NEMFAC.
The Electric and Magnetic Fields Research and Public Information Dissemination program, in its relatively brief existence, has achieved a number of important objectives. There has been an increase in the research activity devoted to possible adverse effects of exposure to MFs on human health. An effort was made to ensure that this research activity was coordinated and targeted to produce answers to a number of important questions raised in the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (Public Law 102–486):
Determine whether or not exposures to electric and magnetic fields produced by the generation, transmission, and use of electrical energy affect human health;
carry out research, development, and demonstration with respect to technologies to mitigate any adverse human health effects; and
provide for dissemination of information . . . to the public".
The act further specifies that the program shall provide for:
the collection, compilation, and dissemination of scientifically valid information on
possible human health effects of electric and magnetic fields;
the types and extent of human exposure to electric and magnetic fields in various occupational and residential settings;
technologies to measure and characterize electric and magnetic fields; and
methods to assess and manage exposure to electric and magnetic fields.
research on mechanisms by which electric and magnetic fields interact with biological systems; and
epidemiologic research on the possible human health effects of electric and magnetic fields; and