goals and objectives for the four major program components: The EMF scientific-research component would seek to determine whether human health effects result from exposure to power-frequency magnetic fields; research activities were to include epidemiologic, cellular, molecular, and large-scale animal studies. The EMF engineering-research component was to characterize the MF exposure of various residential and worker groups and to develop a range of options for managing MF exposure. EMF communication activities were to improve understanding of MF issues by seeking input from concerned citizens and other interested groups, by improving discussion between communities and agencies, by investigating means to improve the communication process, and by providing the public with balanced and credible information on which to base public-policy decisions and individual judgments. EMF policy support was to include "research and analysis to understand the societal, ethical, economic, and legal implications of the MF issue and provide government and business decision makers with a wide range of policy options".
Specific objectives were identified for each of the four components; these are paraphrased below from the National Electric and Magnetic Fields Research and Communication Program: Draft Strategic Plan (DOE 1993).
The stated objectives of the scientific research component were to:
determine the biologic effects of electric and magnetic fields on humans, animals, tissues, and cells;
conduct replication studies designed to duplicate previous research methods in an attempt to resolve conflicting research results and confirm key research findings;
determine the underlying causes of any biologic effects;
establish quantitative dose-response or other quantitative relationships between exposure and effect; and
determine whether an association exists between EMF exposure and human health effects using well-designed epidemiologic studies.
Objectives of the EMF Engineering Research Program Component were:
development and evaluation of instrumentation and techniques for measuring various types of electric and magnetic fields and assessing personal exposure;
assessment of exposure of various residential and worker groups in terms of the various types of electric and magnetic fields;
development and evaluation of the costs, benefits, and effectiveness of options for managing EMF exposures from a variety of sources;
development of equations and methods (computer simulations) for estimating electric and magnetic field strengths and power-frequency magnetic field exposures in situations where direct measurements are not feasible;
development of standardized procedures for EMF exposure measurements to facilitate comparisons between research findings; and
development of equations and methods (computer simulations) that relate external (outside the body) measurements of EMF exposures to internal (inside the body) power-frequency magnetic field doses experienced by the biologic system.