• Review continuing research activities for scientific content and suitability to meet the goals of the EMF-RAPID plan. Continuing projects will be given only a brief review with regard to content and direction, based on a brief statement of scope, goals, and progress submitted to the committee using a format developed specifically for that purpose to assess their potential to fulfill the goals of the national program.

  • Recommend modifications to the EMF-RAPID program, as appropriate, based on information the committee acquires concerning new research findings not available when the national research agenda was developed, from briefings the committee might request, and from analysis of research strategies developed by other groups.

  • Assess the scientific and technical content, and make recommendations as deemed necessary, for activities initiated under the EMF-RAPID agenda to promote the transfer of information derived from research projects.

This report, submitted at the conclusion of the EMF-RAPID program, reviews and evaluates the scientific and technical content of projects completed under the EMF-RAPID program and makes recommendations regarding the transfer of information derived from research projects. The focus of this report is on the research conducted within the EMF-RAPID program. Other work is discussed only in the context of important findings that were made in projects conducted as part of the EMF-RAPID program. An interim report, EMF Research Activities Completed Under the Energy Policy Act of 1992, was issued by this committee in 1995.

Conclusions

Program limitations

The EMF-RAPID program faced many organizational and administrative obstacles. For example, there was a delay of about 2 yrs in funding implementation, and total funding (about $41 million) fell substantially short of the original planned level ($65 million). Without the delay additional peer-reviewed publications might have been available as EMF-RAPID came to a close for appropriate agencies to evaluate potential health effects. If the additional monies had been available, it would have been possible to include additional important activities such as focused interlaboratory replication projects. Furthermore, the program used the National Institutes of Health (NIH) grant process for the biology studies administered by NIEHS. That process, as implemented in this program, did not lead to complete reports at project completion, because the goal was to produce papers in the peer-reviewed literature and this goal was not always met by the individual projects. Project summaries available at program's end were of uneven quality, and the majority of the summaries did not provide complete reports of the research effort. The lack of complete reports and limited availability of published journal articles at the time the program ended made it difficult to judge the quality, completeness, or significance of the biologic studies funded by the EMF-RAPID program. The NIH-style approach also provided considerable flexibility to the principal investigators in



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