teacher professional development, 103, 104, 150

teaching standards, 25, 27, 29, 30

vignettes, 45-46, 59, 66, 69, 71-72, 103

vocabulary development, 68, 83, 125, 133-134, 138

Computer-aided education, 164

see also Internet

Constructed-response items, 82

Content and content standards, 14, 18-21

equipment and supplies, 19, 20

grades 5 to 8, 19, 20, 48

grades 9 to 12, 19, 20

instructional materials assessment, 176-177

investigations, 19, 20

K-4, 19, 20, 41

logical thinking, 19, 20

mathematics, 19, 20

myths about inquiry-based learning, 36-37

pedagogical, 102-104

skepticism, 20

student-generated models, 19, 20

teacher professional development, 88

teaching standards, 22

technology, use of, 19, 20

vignettes, 41, 59, 60, 70

Council of Chief State School Officers, 83-84

Critical thinking, see Skepticism

Curriculum, 6, 35, 135-136

administrators’ role, 147

assessment, 76

historical perspectives, 16-18, 33-34, 124-125

research on, 124-125, 127

student-initiated investigations, 132

teacher education, 93, 105-109, 113, 151-152

see also Models, instructional;

Outcomes of learning

D

Dewey, John, 14, 16, 34

Diagrams and drawings, 81

instructional materials assessment, 176

vignettes, 53, 54, 56, 57, 61-63, 72, 74

Discipline, 136

teaching standards, 22

E

Earth and space science standard (Grades 5-8), 48, 58

Educational research, see Research, educational

Elementary education, see Kindergarten to Grade 4

Elementary Science Study, 17

English as a second language/non-English speakers, 121-122, 125, 126, 133-134

assessment of, 83-84, 150

Equipment and supplies, 43, 49-50, 162

content standards, 19, 20

instructional materials assessment, 179

teacher professional development, 90

teaching standards, 22, 26

see also Instructional materials;

Technology, use of

Ethnic factors, see Minority cultures

Evaluation, see Assessment of students;

Research, educational

Evidence-based explanations, 4, 8, 161, 164, 167, 168, 169, 171

assessment of, 79

content standards, 19, 20, 21

historical perspectives, 16

teaching standards, 25-27, 29, 33

vignettes, 44, 47, 48, 49, 53-57, 58-59, 63, 64, 65, 66, 71, 72

see also Experimentation;

Investigations;

Models, student-generated;

Observation skills

Experimentation, 14, 164

historical perspectives, 16-17, 18

teacher professional development, 90, 112

teachers’ role, 16-17, 33

Explanations, 7, 14, 35, 89, 164, 165, 167

alternative, 14, 16, 19, 21, 25, 27, 55, 56-57, 66, 71, 118, 127, 165, 167, 171, 176

assessment of, 78-79

content standards, 19, 20, 21

instructional materials assessment, 176

teaching standards, 25, 27, 29

testing, 10

vignettes, 45-46, 48, 55-57, 58, 65, 66, 71

see also Evidence-based explanations;

Models, student-generated;

Transfer of learning



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