Table 2-4. Science Teaching Standards


Teachers of science plan an inquiry-based science program for their students. In doing this, teachers

  • Develop a framework of yearlong and short-term goals for students.

  • Select science content and adapt and design curricula to meet the interests, knowledge, understanding, abilities, and experiences of students.

  • Select teaching and assessment strategies that support the development of student understanding and nurture a community of science learners.

  • Work together as colleagues within and across disciplines and grade levels.


Teachers of science guide and facilitate learning. In doing this, teachers

  • Focus and support inquiries while interacting with students.

  • Orchestrate discourse among students about scientific ideas.

  • Challenge students to accept and share responsibility for their own learning.

  • Recognize and respond to student diversity and encourage all students to participate fully in science learning.

  • Encourage and model the skills of scientific inquiry, as well as the curiosity, openness to new ideas and data, and skepticism that characterize science.


Teachers of science engage in ongoing assessment of their teaching and of student learning. In doing this, teachers

  • Use multiple methods and systematically gather data about student understanding and ability.

  • Analyze assessment data to guide teaching.

  • Guide students in self-assessment.

  • Use student data, observations of teaching, and interactions with colleagues to reflect on and improve teaching practice.

  • Use student data, observations of teaching, and interactions with colleagues to report student achievement and opportunities to learn to students, teachers, parents, policymakers, and the general public.

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