assessments for young children and for special populations, as well as reporting and disaggregating assessment results. In Chapter 5, we consider systems for monitoring the conditions of instruction at the school level and professional development at the district level. In Chapter 6, we examine ways to measure adequate progress of schools toward standards, and in Chapter 7 we discuss accountability.
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1 Introduction ."
Testing, Teaching, and Learning: A Guide for States and School Districts . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.