COLLOQUIUM ON PLANTS AND POPULATION: IS THERE TIME?

NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
WASHINGTON, D.C.
1999



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COLLOQUIM ON PLANTS AND POPULATION: IS THERE TIME? COLLOQUIUM ON PLANTS AND POPULATION: IS THERE TIME? NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES WASHINGTON, D.C. 1999

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COLLOQUIM ON PLANTS AND POPULATION: IS THERE TIME? NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES Colloquium Series In 1991, the National Academy of Sciences inaugurated a series of scientific colloquia, five or six of which are scheduled each year under the guidance of the NAS Council’s Committee on Scientific Programs. Each colloquium addresses a scientific topic of broad and topical interest, cutting across two or more of the traditional disciplines. Typically two days long, colloquia are international in scope and bring together leading scientists in the field. Papers from colloquia are published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

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COLLOQUIM ON PLANTS AND POPULATION: IS THERE TIME? Plants and Population: is there time? A Colloquium sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences December 5–6, 1998 PROGRAM Saturday, Dec 5, 1998 Session I: Demographic and economic projections of food demand and supply. Session Chair: Joel Cohen, The Rockefeller University World food & agriculture: the outlook for the medium & longer term. Nikos Alexandratos, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations The growth of demand will limit output growth for food over the next quarter century. D. Gale Johnson, University of Chicago Global and local implications of biotechnology and climate change for future food supplies. Robert Evenson, Yale University World food trends and prospects to 2020. Tim Dyson, London School of Economics Panelists: Dennis Ahlburg, University of Minnesota; Kenneth Arrow, Stanford University; Bernard Gilland, Espergaerde, Denmark; Vaclav Smil, University of Manitoba Saturday, Dec 5, 1998 2:00–5:00 Session II: Limits on agriculture: land, water, energy and biological resources. Chair: Michael Clegg, University of California, Riverside Plant genetic resources: what can they contribute towards increased crop productivity? David Hoisington, Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo, Int. Ecological approaches and the development of ‘truly’ integrated pest management. Matthew Thomas, Centre for Population Biology, Imperial College Ecological intensification of cereal production systems: the challenge of increasing crop yield potential and precision agriculture. Kenneth Cassman, University of Nebraska The transition to agricultural sustainability. Vernon Ruttan, University of Minnesota Panelists: Gretchen Daily, Stanford University; William Murdoch, University of California, Santa Barbara; Billie Lee Turner, Clark University; Catherine Woteki, United States Department of Agriculture After Dinner Speaker: Ismail Serageldin, World Bank, Plants and Population: is there time?

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COLLOQUIM ON PLANTS AND POPULATION: IS THERE TIME? Sunday, Dec 6, 1998 Session III: Plant and other biotechnologies. Chair: Nina Fedoroff, The Pennsylvania State University Biotechnology: enhancing human nutrition in developing and developed worlds. Ganesh Kishore, Monsanto Use of plant roots for environmental remediation and biochemical manufacturing. Ilya Raskin, Rutgers University The post-industrialized agricultural biotechnology era: what’s rate limiting? John Ryals, Paradigm Genetics, Inc. Transgenic plants for the tropics: some strategies to develop them and reach the farmer. Luis Herrera-Estrella, Centro de Investigacion y Estudios Avanzados, Irapuato, Mexico Panelists: Donald Roberts, Boyce Thompson Institute; Ron Sederoff, North Carolina State University; Roger Beachey; The Scripps Research Institute; Dennis Avery, Hudson Institute; Richard Meagher, University of Georgia; Brian Staskawicz, University of California, Berkeley. Sunday, Dec 6, 1998 Session IV: Biodiversity and multiple land use demands Chair: Dr. Harold Mooney, Stanford University From prehispanic to future conservation alternatives: lessons from Mexico. Arturo Gomez-Pompa, University of California, Riverside Gardenification of tropical conserved wildlands: multitasking, multicropping and multiple users. Daniel Janzen, University of Pennsylvania Plant biodiversity, land use, and the sustainability of essential ecosystem services. David Tilman, University of Minnesota Food supply expansion and the sustainable global management of carbon and nitrogen: interacting challenges. Robert Socolow, Princeton University Panelists: Paul Ehrlich, Stanford University; Wes Jackson, The Land Institute; Thomas Lovejoy, Smithsonian Institution; Walter Reid, World Resources Institute.

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COLLOQUIM ON PLANTS AND POPULATION: IS THERE TIME? P ROCEEDINGS OF THE N ATIONAL A CADEMY OF S CIENCES OF THE U NITED S TATES OF A MERICA Table of Contents Papers from a National Academy of Sciences Colloquium on Plants and Population: Is There Time?     Plants and population: Is there time? Nina V. Fedoroff and Joel E. Cohen   5903–5907     World food and agriculture: Outlook for the medium and longer term Nikos Alexandratos   5908–5914     The growth of demand will limit output growth for food over the next quarter century D. Gale Johnson   5915–5920     Global and local implications of biotechnology and climate change for future food supplies Robert E. Evenson   5921–5928     World food trends and prospects to 2025 Tim Dyson   5929–5936     Plant genetic resources: What can they contribute toward increased crop productivity? David Hoisington, Mireille Khairallah, Timothy Reeves, Jean-Marcel Ribaut, Bent Skovmand, Suketoshi Taba, and Marilyn Warburton   5937–5943     Ecological approaches and the development of “truly integrated” pest management Matthew B. Thomas   5944–5951     Ecological intensification of cereal production systems: Yield potential, soil quality, and precision agriculture Kenneth G. Cassman   5952–5959     The transition to agricultural sustainability Vernon W. Ruttan   5960–5967     Biotechnology: Enhancing human nutrition in developing and developed worlds Ganesh M. Kishore and Christine Shewmaker   5968–5972     Use of plant roots for phytoremediation and molecular farming Doloressa Gleba, Nikolai V. Borisjuk, Ludmyla G. Borisjuk, Ralf Kneer, Alexander Poulev, Marina Skarzhinskaya, Slavik Dushenkov, Sithes Logendra, Yuri Y. Gleba, and Ilya Raskin   5973–5977     Transgenic plants for tropical regions: Some considerations about their development and their transfer to the small farmer Luis Herrera-Estrella   5978–5981     From pre-Hispanic to future conservation alternatives: Lessons from Mexico Arturo Gómez-Pompa and Andrea Kaus   5982–5986     Gardenification of tropical conserved wildlands: Multitasking, multicropping, and multiusers Daniel Janzen   5987–5994     Global environmental impacts of agricultural expansion: The need for sustainable and efficient practices David Tilman   5995–6000     Nitrogen management and the future of food: Lessons from the management of energy and carbon Robert H. Socolow   6001–6008

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