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Protein and Amino Acids, 1999

Pp. 369-372. Washington, D.C.

National Academy Press

C
Acronyms and Abbreviations


3MH

3-methylhistidine

AA

amino acid

AARP

Amino Acid Requirement Pattern

ACSM

American College of Sports Medicine

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

AMS

acute mountain sickness

AR

Army regulation

ASM

appendicular skeletal muscle

ASNS

American Society for Nutritional Sciences

ATFSM

adipose tissue-free skeletal muscle

ATP

adenosine 5'-triphosphate


BBB

blood-brain barrier

BC

branched chain

BCKAD

branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase

BCT

basic combat training

BCAA

branched chain amino acid



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OCR for page 369
The Role of Protein and Amino Acids in Sustaining and Enhancing Performance Protein and Amino Acids, 1999 Pp. 369-372. Washington, D.C. National Academy Press C Acronyms and Abbreviations 3MH 3-methylhistidine AA amino acid AARP Amino Acid Requirement Pattern ACSM American College of Sports Medicine AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AMS acute mountain sickness AR Army regulation ASM appendicular skeletal muscle ASNS American Society for Nutritional Sciences ATFSM adipose tissue-free skeletal muscle ATP adenosine 5'-triphosphate BBB blood-brain barrier BC branched chain BCKAD branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase BCT basic combat training BCAA branched chain amino acid

OCR for page 369
The Role of Protein and Amino Acids in Sustaining and Enhancing Performance BCNH Subcommittee on Body Composition, Nutrition and Health of Military Women BHA butylated hydroxyanisole BHT butylated hydroxytoluene BIA bioelectric impedance analysis BV biological value BW body weight CGMP Current Good Manufacturing Practice CHO carbohydrate CMNR Committee on Military Nutrition Research CNS central nervous system CoA coenzyme A COX cytochrome c oxidase Cr creatine CT computerized tomography CV coefficient of variation DoD Department of Defense DRI dietary reference intake DRV dietary reference values DSHEA Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act DXA dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry EMS eosinophilia-myalgia syndrome FAO Food and Agriculture Organization FASEB Federation of the American Societies for Experimental Biology FDA Food and Drug Administration FFA free fatty acid FFM fat-free body mass FFSM fat-free skeletal muscle FNB Food and Nutrition Board FSR fractional synthesis rate GFR glomerular filtration rate OH growth hormone GDP guanosine 5'-diphosphate GTP guanosine 5'-triphosphate GTW Go to War Ration HHS Department of Health and Human Services HPLC high-pressure liquid chromatography IAA indispensable amine acid IFT Institute of Food Technologists IGF-I insulin-like growth factor-I IL-I interleukin-1 IL-4 interleuking-4 IL-8 interleukin-8

OCR for page 369
The Role of Protein and Amino Acids in Sustaining and Enhancing Performance IL-10 interleukin-10 IL-13 interleukin-13 IOM Institute of Medicine IVNA in vivo neutron activation analysis LNAA large neutral amino acid LRPR Long-Range Patrol Ration LSRO Life Sciences Research Office L-TRP-EMS L-Tryptophan Eosinophilia Myalgia Syndrome MCI Meal, Combat Individual MD metabolic demand MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT-AARP Massachusetts Institute of Technology Amino Acid Requirement Pattern MRC Medical Research Council MRDA Military Recommended Dietary Allowance MRE Meal, Ready-to-Eat MRI magnetic resonance imaging mRNA messenger RNA (ribonucleic acid) NAD+ nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide NAIDS nutritionally acquired immune dysfunction syndromes NAS National Academy of Sciences NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NCHS National Center for Health Statistics NEFA nonesterified fatty acid NCO Noncommissioned officer NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NIAMS National Institute of Arthritis, Musculoskeletal, and Skin Diseases NICHD National Institute of Child Health and Human Development NIH National Institutes of Health NO nitric oxide NPU net protein utilization NRC National Research Council NRDEC Natick Research, Development and Engineering Center NSM nonskeletal muscle OAAL obligatory amino acid losses OCS Officer Candidate School OMD obligatory metabolic demand ONL obligatory nitrogen loss OOL oxidative amino acid loss PDCAAS protein-digestibility corrected amino acid score PEM protein energy malnutrition POMS Profile of Mood States PP protein powders

OCR for page 369
The Role of Protein and Amino Acids in Sustaining and Enhancing Performance PX post exchange RCW Ration, Cold Weather RDA Recommended Dietary Allowance RLW-30 Ration, LightWeight-30 RNA ribonucleic acid RNI recommended nutritional intake RNR relative nitrogen requirement RPV relative protein value SAA sulfur amine acids SD standard deviation SEE Standard Error of the Estimate SEM standard error of the mean SFAS Special Forces Assessment and Selection SM skeletal muscle SMCM skeletal muscle cell mass SMPro skeletal muscle protein T3 triiodothyronine TAA total aromatic amine acid TBK total body potassium TBN total body nitrogen TCA tricarboxylic acid TNF tumor necrosis factor TRNA transfer RNA (ribonucleic acid) TSA total sulfur amine acid UCLA University of California, Los Angeles UGR unitized group ration UN United Nations UN United Nations University USAF U.S. Air Force USAMRMC U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command USARIEM U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine USASSC U.S. Army Soldier Systems Center USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USMA U.S. Military Academy VAMS Visual Analog Mood Scale VO2max maximal oxygen uptake WHO World Health Organization