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Protein and Amino Acids, 1999

Pp. 373-409. Washington, D.C.

National Academy Press

D
Protein and Amino Acids—A Selected Bibliography

On the following pages is a selection of references dealing with the role of protein and amino acids in sustaining and enhancing performance. This bibliography was compiled from the joint reference lists of the chapters in this report, selected references from a limited literature search, and references recommended by the invited speakers as background reading for workshop participants. As a result, references that are historical in nature are included in this listing along with the most current studies.



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The Role of Protein and Amino Acids in Sustaining and Enhancing Performance Protein and Amino Acids, 1999 Pp. 373-409. Washington, D.C. National Academy Press D Protein and Amino Acids—A Selected Bibliography On the following pages is a selection of references dealing with the role of protein and amino acids in sustaining and enhancing performance. This bibliography was compiled from the joint reference lists of the chapters in this report, selected references from a limited literature search, and references recommended by the invited speakers as background reading for workshop participants. As a result, references that are historical in nature are included in this listing along with the most current studies.

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The Role of Protein and Amino Acids in Sustaining and Enhancing Performance Ahlers, S.T., J.R. Thomas, J. Schrot, and D. Shurtleff. 1994. Tyrosine and glucose modulation of cognitive deficits. Pp. 301-320 in Food Components to Enhance Performance, B. Marriott, ed. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Albino, J.E., and R.B. Mateo. 1995. Nitric oxide. Pp. 99-123 in Amine Acid Metabolism and Therapy in Health and Nutritional Disease, L.A. Cynober, ed. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press. Allen, L.H., E.A. Oddoye, and S. Margen. 1979. Protein-induced hypercalciuria: A longer term study. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 32:741-749. Allison, J.B., J.A. Anderson, and R.D. Seeley. 1947. Some effects of methionine on the utilization of nitrogen in the adult dog. J. Nutr. 33:361-370. Andersen, P., and B. Saltin. 1985. Maximal perfusion of skeletal muscle in man. J. Physiol. 366:233-249. Anderson, C.F., J.A. Velosa, P.P. Frohnert, V.E. Torres, K.P. Offord, J.P. Vogel, J.V. Donadio, Jr., and D.M. Wilson. 1985. The risks of unilateral nephrectomy: Status of kidney donors 10 to 20 years postoperatively. Mayo Clin. Proc. 60:367-374. Anderson, E.C. 1963. Three component body composition analysis based on potassium and water determinations. Ann NY Acad Sci. 110:189-212. Anderson, J.W., B.M. Johnstone, and M.E. Cooke-Newell. 1995. Meta-analysis of the effects of soy protein intake on serum lipids. N. Engl. J. Mad. 333(5): 276-282. Anderson, S., and B.M. Brenner. 1987. The aging kidney: structure, function, mechanisms, and therapeutic implications. J. Am. Geriatr. Soc. 35:590-593. Anderson, S.A., and D.J. Raiten (eds.). 1992. Safety of amine acids as dietary supplements. Bethesda, Md.: Federation of the American Societies for Experimental Biology. Andrews, P.M., and S.B. Bates. 1986. Dietary protein prior to renal ischemia dramatically affects postischemic kidney damage. Kidney Int. 30:299-303. Anggard, E. 1994. Nitric oxide: Mediator, murderer and medicine. Lancet 343:1199-1206. AR (Army Regulation) 40-250. 1947. See U.S. Department of the Army, 1947. AR (Army Regulation) 40-25. 1985. See U.S. Departments of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force. AR (Army Regulation) 40-25. 1989. See U.S. Departments of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force, 1985. Ardawi, M.S.M., and E.A. Newsholme. 1983. Glutamine metabolism in lymphocytes of the rat. Biochem. J. 212:835-842. Artuson, G. 1961. Pathophysiological aspects of the bum syndrome. Acta Chirg. Scand. 274:7-64. Askew, E.W. 1989. Nutrition for a cold environment. Phys. Sportsmed. 17:77-89. Askew, E.W., J.R. Claybaugh, S.A. Cucinell, A.J. Young, and E.G. Szeto. 1986. Nutrient intakes and work performance of soldiers during seven days of exercise at 7,200 ft. altitude consuming the Meal, Ready-to-Eat ration. Technical Report No. T3-87. Natick, Mass.: U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine. Askew, E.W., I. Munro, M.A. Sharp, S. Siegel, R. Popper, M.S. Rose, R.W. Hoyt, K. Reynolds, H.R. Lieberman, D. Engell, and C.P. Shaw. 1987. Nutritional status and physical and mental performance of soldiers consuming the Ration, Lightweight or the Meal, Ready-to-Eat military field ration during a 30 day field training exercise (RLW-30). Technical Report No. T7-87. Natick, Mass.: U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine. Atinmo, T., C.M.F. Mbofung, M.A. Hussain, and B.O. Osotimehin. 1985. Human protein requirements: Obligatory urinary and faecal nitrogen losses and the factorial estimation of protein needs of Nigerian male adults. Br. J. Nutr. 54:605-611. Atinmo, T., C.M.F. Mbofung, G. Eggum, and B.O. Osotimehin. 1988. Nitrogen balance study in young Nigerian adult males using four levels of protein intake. Br. J. Nutr. 60:451-458.

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The Role of Protein and Amino Acids in Sustaining and Enhancing Performance Aulick, L.H., and D.W. Wilmore. 1979. Increased peripheral amino acid release following bum injury. Surgery 30:196-197. Baker-Fulco, C.J., J.C. Buchbinder, S.A. Torri, and E.W. Askew. 1992. Dietary Status of Marine Corps officer candidates. Fed. Am. Soc. Exp. Biol. J. [FASEB J] 6(4):A1682. Baker-Fulco, C.J., S.A. Torri, J.E. Arsenault, and J.C. Buchbinder. 1994. Impact of menu changes designed to promote a training diet [abstract]. J. Am. Diet. Assn. 94:A9. Baker-Fulco, C.J. 1995. Overview of dietary intakes during military exercises. Pp. 121-149 in Not Eating Enough, Overcoming Underconsumption of Military Operational Rations, B.M. Marriott, ed. Institute of Medicine. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Balagopal, P., O.E. Rooyackers, D.B. Adey, P.A. Ades, and K.S. Nair. 1997. Effects of aging on in vivo synthesis of skeletal muscle myosin heavy-chain and sarcoplasmic protein in humans. Am. J. Physiol. 273:E790-E800 Ballevre, O., A. Cadenhead, A.G. Calder, W.D. Rees, G.E. Lobley, M.F. Fuller, and P.J. Garlick. 1990. Quantitative partition of threonine oxidation in pigs: Effect of dietary threonine. Am. J. Physiol. 259:E483-E491. Bams, J.L., and D.R. Miranda. 1985. Outcome and costs of intensive care. Intensive Care Med. 11:234-241. Banderet, L.E., and H.R. Lieberman. 1989. Treatment with tyrosine, a neurotransmitter precursor, reduces environmental stress in humans. Brain Res. Bull. 22:759-762. Banister, E.W., and B.J.C. Cameron. 1990. Exercise-induced hyperammonemia: Peripheral and central effects. Int. J. Sports Mad. 11:S129-S142. Bararc-Nieto, M., G.B. Spurr, H. Lotero, and M.G. Maksud. 1978. Body composition in chronic under nutrition. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 31:23-41. Barbul, A., S.A. Lazarou, D.T. Efron, H.L. Wasserkrug, and G. Efron. 1990. Arginine enhances wound healing and lymphocyte immune responses in humans . Surgery 108(2):331-336. Basile-Filho, A., L. Beaumier, A.E. El-Khoury, Y.M. Yu, M. Kenneway, R.E. Gleason, and V.R. Young. 1998. Twenty-four hour L-[L-13C]tyrosine and L-[3,3-2H]phenylalanine oral tracer aromatic amino acid requirements in adults. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 67:640-659 Baumgartner, R.N., W.C. Chumlea, and A.F. Roche. 1989. Estimation of body composition from bioelectric impedance of body segments. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 50(2):221-226. Baumgartner R.N., R.L. Rhyne, P.J. Garry, S.B. Heymsfield. 1993. Imaging techniques and anatomical body composition in aging. J Nutr. 123:444-448. Baumgartner, R.N., R. Ross, S.B. Heymsfield, Z. Wang, D. Gallagher, Y. Martel, J. De Guise, W. Brooks. In Press. Cross-validation of DXA versus MRI methods of quantifying appendicular skeletal muscle. Applied Radiation and Isotopes. Bay, W.H., and L.A. Hebert. 1987. Kidney donors and protein intake [letter to the editor]. Ann. Intern. Med. 107:427. Bean, WB., J.B. Youmans, W.F. Ashe, N. Nelson, D.M. Bell, L.M. Richardson, C.E. French, C.R. Henderson, R.E. Johnson, G.M. Ashmore, K.N. Halverson, and J. Wright. 1944. Project No. 30: Test of Acceptability and Adequacy of U.S. Army C, K, and 10-in-1, and Canadian Army Mess Tin Rations. Fort Knox, Ky.: Armored Medical Research Laboratory. Bean, W.B., C.R. Henderson, R.E. Johnson, and L.M. Richardson. 1946. Nutrition Survey in Pacific Theater of Operations. Report to the Surgeon General. Bull. U.S. Army Med. Dept. 5(6):697. Begum, A., A.N. Radhakrishnan, and S.M. Pereira. 1970. Effect of amino acid composition of cereal-based diets on growth of preschool children. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 23:1175-1183. Beisel, W.R. 1992. Metabolic responses of the host to infections. Pp. 1-13 in Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Vol. I, 3rd ed., R.D. Feigin and J.D. Cherry, eds. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co.

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The Role of Protein and Amino Acids in Sustaining and Enhancing Performance Beisel, W.R., W.D. Sawyer, E.D. Ryll, and D. Crozier. 1967. Metabolic effects of intracellular infection in man. Ann. Int. Med. 67:744-779. Belcher, H.J., D. Mercer, K.C. Judkins, S. Shalaby, S. Wise, V. Marks, and N.S. Tanner. 1989. Biosynthetic human growth hormone in burned patients: A pilot study. Burns 15:99-107. Bender, A.E. 1961. Determination of the nutritive value of proteins by chemical analysis. Pp. 407-415 in Progress in Meeting Protein Needs of Infants and Preschool Children. Pub. 843. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council. Benevenga, N.J., and R.D. Steele. 1984. Adverse effects of excessive consumption of amine acids. Ann. Rev. Nutr. 4:157-181. Benevenga, N.J., M.J. Gahl, T.D. Crenshaw, and M.D. Fink. 1994. Protein and amine acid requirements for maintenance and growth of laboratory rats. J. Nutr. 124:451-453. Bergström, J., and E. Hültman. 1967. Muscle glycogen synthesis after exercise: An enhancing factor localized to the muscle cells in man. Nature 201:309-310. Bergström, J., P. Fürst, and E. Vinnars. 1990. Effect of a test meal, without and with protein, on muscle and plasma free amine acids. Clin. Sci. 79:331-337. Berneis, K., R. Ninnis, J. Girard, B.M. Frey, and U. Keller. 1997. Effects of insulin-like growth factor I combined with growth hormone on glucocorticoid-induced whole-body protein catabolism in man. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 82:2528-2534. Bessey, P.Q., and K.A. Lowe. 1993. Early hormonal changes affect the catabolic response to trauma. Ann. Surg. 218:476-489. Bessey, P.Q., J.M. Watters, T.T. Aoki, and D.W. Wilmore. 1984. Combined hormonal infusions simulate the metabolic response to injury. Ann. Surg. 200:264-281. Betz, A.L., G.W. Goldstein, and R. Katzman. 1994. Blood-brain-cerebrospinal fluid barriers. Pp. 681-698 in Basic Neurochemistry: Molecular, Cellular, and Medical Aspects, 5th ed., G.J. Siegel, ed. New York: Raven Press Bhasin, S., T. Storer, N. Berman, C. Callegari, B. Clevenger, J. Phillips, T.J. Bunell, R. Tricker, A. Shirari, and R. Casaburi. 1996. The effects of supraphysiologic doses of testosterone on muscle size and strength in normal men. N. Engl. J. Med. 335:1-7. Bier, D.M., D.E. Matthews, and V.R. Young. 1985. Interpretation of amine acid kinetic studies in the context of whole body protein metabolism. Pp. 27-36 in Substrate and Energy Metabolism in Man, J.S. Garrow and D. Halliday, eds. London and Paris: John Libbey. Bingham, S., B. Pignatelli, J. Pollock, A. Ellul, C. Mallaveille, G. Gross, S. Runswick, J.H. Cummings, and I.K. O'Neill. 1996. Does increased formation of endogenous N nitroso compounds in the human colon explain the association between red meat and colon cancer? Carcinogenesis 17:515-523. Biolo, G., R.Y.D. Fleming, S.P. Maggi, and R.R. Wolfe. 1995a. Transmembrane transport and intracellular kinetics of amine acids in human skeletal muscle. Am. J. Physiol. 268(31):E75-E84. Biolo, G., R.Y.D. Fleming, and R.R. Wolfe. 1995b. Physiologic hyperinsulinemia stimulates protein synthesis and enhances transport of selected amine acids in human skeletal muscle. J. Clin. Invest. 95:811-819. Biolo, G., S.P. Maggi, B.D. Williams, K.D. Tipton, and R.R. Wolfe. 1995c. Increased rates of muscle protein turnover and amine acid transport after resistance exercise in humans. Am. J. Physiol. 268:E514-E520. Black, P.R., D.C. Brooks, P.Q. Bessey, R.R. Wolfe, and D.W. Wilmore. 1982. Mechanisms of insulin resistance following surgery. Ann. Surg. 196:420-435. Block, G.D., R.J. Wood, and L.H. Allen. 1980. A comparison of the effects of feeding sulfur amine acids and protein on urine calcium in man. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 33:2128-2136.

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The Role of Protein and Amino Acids in Sustaining and Enhancing Performance Blomstrand, E., and E. A. Newsholme. 1996. Influence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on plasma and muscle concentrations of amino acids during prolonged submaximal exercise. Nutrition 12:485-490. Blomstrand, E., P. Hassmén, B. Ekblom, and E.A. Newsholme. 1991. Administration of branched-chain amino acids during sustained exercise-Effects on performance and on plasma concentration of some amino acids. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 63:83-88. Blomstrand, E., S. Andersson, P. Hassmén, B. Ekblom, and E.A. Newsholme. 1995. Effect of branched-chain amino acid and carbohydrate supplementation on the exercise induced change in plasma and muscle concentration of amino acids in human subjects. Acta Physiol. Scand. 153:87-96. Blomstrand, E., P. Hassmén, S. Ek, B. Ekblom, and E.A. Newsholme. 1997. Influence of ingesting a solution of branched-chain amino acids on perceived exertion during exercise. Acta Physiol. Scand. 159:41-49. Bodwell, C.E., E.M. Schuster, E. Kyle, B. Brooks, M. Womack, P. Steele, and R. Ahrens. 1979. Obligatory urinary and fecal nitrogen losses in young women, older men and young men: Factorial estimation of adult human protein requirements. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 32:2450-2459. Bolourchi, S., C.M. Friedeman, and O. Mickelson. 1968. Wheat flour as a source of protein for adult human subjects. Am. J. Clin. Nutr 21:827-835. Borchers, J., and G.E. Butterfield. 1992. The effect of meal composition on protein utilization following an exercise bout. Med. Sci. Sports. Exer. 24:S51. Bortz W.M. II. 1982. Disuse and aging. J. Amer. Med. Assoc. 248:1203-1208 Bourgoignie, J.J., G. Gayellas, S.G. Sabnis, and T.T. Antonovych. 1994. Effect of protein diets on the renal function of baboons (Papio hamadryas) with remnant kidneys: A 5-year follow-up. Am. J. Kidney Dis. 23:199-204. Bovée, K.C. 1991. Influence of dietary protein on renal function in dogs. J. Nutr. 121:S128-S139. Brenner, B.M., T.W. Meyer, and T.W. Hostetter. 1982. Dietary protein intake and the progressive nature of kidney disease: The role of hemodynamically moderated glomerular injury in the pathogenesis of progressive glomerular sclerosis in aging, renal ablation and intrinsic renal disease. New Engl. J. Med. 307:652-659. Brenner, I.K.M., P.N. Shek, and R.J. Shepherd. 1994. Infection in athletes. Sports Med. 17:86-107. Breslau, N.A., L. Brinkley, K.D. Hill, and C.Y.C. Pak. 1988. Relationship of animal protein-rich diet to kidney stone formation and calcium metabolism. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 66:140-146. Brodsky, I.G., P. Balagopal, and K.S. Nair. 1996. Effects of testosterone replacement on muscle mass and muscle protein synthesis in hypogonadal men. J. Clin. Endocrinol. 81:3469-3475. Brotherhood, J.R. 1984. Nutrition and sports performance. Sports Med. 1:350-389. Brzezinski, A., J. Wurtman, R.J. Wurtman, R. Gleason, T. Nader, and B. Laferrere. 1990. d-Fenfluramine suppresses the increased calorie and carbohydrate intakes and improves the mood of women with premenstrual syndrome. Obstet. Gynecol. 76:206-211. Bucci, L.R. 1989. Nutritional ergogenic aids. Pp. 107-184 in Nutrition in Exercise and Sport, J.F. Hickson, Jr., and I. Wolinsky, eds. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press. Burkinshaw, L., G.L. Hill, D.B. Morgan. 1978. Assessment of the distribution of protein in the human body by in-vivo neutron activation analysis. International Symposium on Nuclear Activation Techniques in the Life Sciences. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Association. Burns, J.E., and H. Kacser. 1987. Genetic effects on susceptibility to histidine induced teratogenesis in the mouse. Genet. Res. 50(2): 147-153.

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The Role of Protein and Amino Acids in Sustaining and Enhancing Performance Buskirk, E.R. 1993. Energetics and climate with emphasis on heat: A historical perspective. Pp. 97-116 in Nutritional Needs in Hot Environments: Applications for Military Personnel in Field Operations. B.M. Marriott, ed. Institute of Medicine. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Buskirk, E.R. 1996. Exercise. Pp. 420-429, Chapter 41 in Present Knowledge in Nutrition, E.E. Ziegler and L.J. Filer, Jr., eds. Washington, D.C.: ILSI Press. Butterfield, G.E. 1987. Whole-body protein utilization in humans. Med. Sci. Sports. Exerc. 19:S157-165. Butterfield, G.E. 1996. Maintenance of body weight at high altitudes: In search of 500 kcal/day. Pp. 357-378 in Nutritional Needs in Cold and in High-Altitude Environments, B.M. Marriott and S.J. Carlson, eds. Institute of Medicine. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Butterfield, G.E., and D.H. Calloway. 1984. Physical activity improves protein utilization in young men. Br. J. Nutr. 11:171-184. Butterfield, G.E., J. Gates, S. Fleming, G.A. Brooks, J.R. Sutton, and J.T. Reeves. 1992. Increased energy intake minimizes weight loss in men at high altitude. J. Appl. Physiol. 72:1741-1748. Butterfield, G.E., J. Thompson, M.J. Rennie, R. Marcus, R.L. Hintz and A.R. Hoffman. 1997. Effect of rhGH and IGF-I treatment on protein utilization in elderly women. Am. J. Physiol. 272:E94-E99. Calloway, D.H. 1975. Nitrogen balance of men with marginal intakes of protein and energy. J. Nutr. 105:914-923. Calloway, D.H., and S. Margen. 1971. Variation in endogenous nitrogen excretion and dietary nitrogen utilization as determinants of human protein requirements. L Nutr. 101:205-216. Calloway, D.H., and H. Spector. 1954. Nitrogen balance as related to caloric and protein intake in active young men. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2:405-412. Calloway, D.H., A.C.F. Odell, and S.J. Margen. 1971. Sweat and miscellaneous nitrogen losses in human balance studies. J. Nutr. 101:775-786. Cameron, J. R., J. Sorenson. 1963. Measurement of bone mineral in vivo. Science 42:230-32. Campbell, W.W., M.C. Crim, V.R. Young, L.J. Joseph, and W. Evans. 1995. Effects of resistance training and dietary protein intake on protein metabolism in older adults. Am. J. Physiol. 268:E1143-1153. Cannon, J.G., R.G. Tompkins, J.A. Gelfand, H.R. Michie, G.G. Stanford, J.W.M. van der Meer, S. Endres, G. Lonnemann, J. Corsetti, B. Chernow, D.W. Wilmore, S.M. Wolff, J.F. Burke, and C.A. Dinarello. 1990. Circulating interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor in septic shock and experimental endotoxin fever. J. Infect. Dis. 161:79-84. Carlson, D.E., T.B. Dugan, J.C. Buchbinder, J.D. Allegretto, and D.D. Schnakenberg. 1987. Nutritional assessment of the Ft. Riley Non-commissioned Officer Academy dining facility. Technical Report T14-87. Natick, Mass.: U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine. Carraro, F., W.H. Hartl, C.A. Stuart, D.K. Layman, F. Jahoor, and R.R. Wolfe. 1990. Whole body and plasma protein synthesis in exercise and recovery in human subjects. J. Appl. Physiol. 258:E821-E831. Castell, L.M., J.R. Poortmans, and E.A. Newsholme. 1996. Does glutamine have a role in reducing infection in animals. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. 13:488-490. Celejowa, I., and M. Homa. 1970. Food intake, nitrogen, and energy balance in Polish weightlifters during training camp. Nutr. Metab. 12:259-274. Champagne, C.M., J.P. Warber, and H.R. Allen. 1997. Dietary intake of U.S. Army Rangers: Estimation of nutrient intake before and after field training. Presented at the XVI International Congress of Nutrition, Montreal.

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