NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council (NRC), whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance.

The NRC is the operating arm of the National Academies, which includes the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The NRC was organized in 1916 by the National Academy of Sciences to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and providing impartial advice to the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce Alberts, president of the National Academy of Sciences, and Dr. William A. Wulf, president of the National Academy of Engineering, are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the NRC.

The Center for Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Education (CSMEE) was established in 1995 to provide coordination of all the NRC's education activities and reform efforts for students at all levels, specifically those in kindergarten through 12th grade, undergraduate institutions, school-to-work programs, and continuing education. The Center reports directly to the Governing Board of the NRC.

This study by the Mathematical Sciences Education Board and the Committee on Science Education K-12 of CSMEE was conducted under a grant from the National Science Foundation (ESI-9355774) to the National Academy of Sciences/NRC. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Designing Mathematics or Science Curriculum Programs: A Guide for Using Mathematics and Science Education Standards is available for sale from the
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