FINAL REPORT TO THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE On the DEFENSE REINVESTMENT INITIATIVE

August, 1999 National Research Council


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FINAL REPORT TO THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE On the DEFENSE REINVESTMENT INITIATIVE FINAL REPORT TO THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE On the DEFENSE REINVESTMENT INITIATIVE August, 1999 National Research Council

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FINAL REPORT TO THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE On the DEFENSE REINVESTMENT INITIATIVE NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Science, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. The National Research Council (NRC) is the operating arm of the National Academies Complex, which includes the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized in 1916 by the National Academy of Sciences to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and providing impartial advice to the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce M. Alberts, President of the National Academy of Sciences, and Dr. William Wulf, President of the National Academy of Engineering, also serve as chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. The Center for Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Education (CSMEE) was established in 1995 to provide coordination of all the National Research Council’s education activities and reform efforts for students at all levels, specifically those in kindergarten through twelfth grade, undergraduate institutions, school-to-work programs, and continuing education. The Center reports directly to the Governing Board of the National Research Council. This study by the CSMEE’s Defense Reinvestment Initiative Advisory Board was conducted under a grant from the U.S. Department of Defense to the National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council. Any opinions, findings, or recommendations expressed in this report are those of the members of the Board and the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the U.S. Department of Defense. Copies of this report are available on-line at <http://www.nap.edu>. Printed in the United States of America. Copyright 1999 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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FINAL REPORT TO THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE On the DEFENSE REINVESTMENT INITIATIVE DEFENSE REINVESTMENT INITIATIVE ADVISORY BOARD MEMBERS Frederick Shair, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, CHAIR (1/1/98-12/31/98) VICE CHAIR (11/16/94-12/31/97) Harry B. Gray, * California Institute of Technology, VICE CHAIR (1/1/98-12/31/98) CHAIR (11/16/94-12/31/97) Michael Acosta, Los Angeles Unified School District ? Lew Allen, ** Charles Stark Draper Laboratory (retired) ? Claudia Jane Barner, Pasadena City College Peter Cannon, VRE Company Janet English, Serrano Intermediate School ? Larry Espinoza, Santa Ana High School Laurie A. Fathe, Los Angeles Collaborative for Teacher Excellence (LACTE) Day Higuchi, United Teachers of Los Angeles ? Donald Ingwerson, Los Angeles County Office of Education ? Paul J. Kuerbis, The Colorado College David Landsverk, Berendo Middle School ? Amelia McKenna, Los Angeles Unified School District ? Michael D. McKibbin, California Commission on Teacher Credentialing Judith Mumme, California Alliance for Mathematics and Science (CAMS) ? Jack Price, California State Polytechnic University Ernie Roy, Jr., King/Drew Medical Magnet High School Jeffrey N. Rudolph, California Science Center Ronald J. Stern, University of California at Irvine Richard Thompson, * University of Southern California ? Dan B. Walker, San Jose State University Phil Williams, The Times Mirror Company (retired) ? All terms of membership were 11/16/94-12/31/98, unless otherwise noted. * Member of the National Academy of Sciences ** Member of the National Academy of Engineering ? Membership term - 11/16/94-12/31/97 ? Membership term - 1/1/98-12/31/98