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Appendix D

Abbreviations and Acronyms

AAP

Association of American Publishers

AIChE

American Institute of Chemical Engineers

ACL

access control list

ACS

American Chemical Society

ARL

Association of Research Libraries

ATM

asynchronous transfer mode

CAS

Chemical Abstracts Service

CD-ROM

compact disk—read only memory

CODATA

Committee on Data for Science and Technology (ICSU)

CODIAC

Cooperative Distributed Interactive Atmospheric Catalogue

CRADA

Cooperative Research and Development Agreement

DDBJ

DNA Database of Japan

DIPPR

Design Institute for Physical Properties Research

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

DOD

Department of Defense

DOE

Department of Energy

DODS

Distributed Oceanographic Data System

DOQ

digital orthophoto quadrangles

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

EMBL

European Molecular Biology Laboratory

EU

European Union

FAR

Federal Acquisition Regulation

FOIA

Freedom of Information Act

FTC

Federal Trade Commission

FTP

file transfer protocol

FY

Fiscal Year

GB

gigabyte

GIS

geographic information system

GPS

Global Positioning System

HR

House Resolution

HCSN

High Capacity Satellite Network

HTML

hypertext mark-up language

ICSU

International Council for Science

IDD

Internet Data Distribution



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OCR for page 377
PROCEEDINGS OF THE WORKSHOP ON PROMOTING ACCESS TO SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL DATA FOR THE PUBLIC INTEREST: AN ASSESSMENT OF POLICY OPTIONS Appendix D Abbreviations and Acronyms AAP Association of American Publishers AIChE American Institute of Chemical Engineers ACL access control list ACS American Chemical Society ARL Association of Research Libraries ATM asynchronous transfer mode CAS Chemical Abstracts Service CD-ROM compact disk—read only memory CODATA Committee on Data for Science and Technology (ICSU) CODIAC Cooperative Distributed Interactive Atmospheric Catalogue CRADA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement DDBJ DNA Database of Japan DIPPR Design Institute for Physical Properties Research DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DOD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy DODS Distributed Oceanographic Data System DOQ digital orthophoto quadrangles EPA Environmental Protection Agency EMBL European Molecular Biology Laboratory EU European Union FAR Federal Acquisition Regulation FOIA Freedom of Information Act FTC Federal Trade Commission FTP file transfer protocol FY Fiscal Year GB gigabyte GIS geographic information system GPS Global Positioning System HR House Resolution HCSN High Capacity Satellite Network HTML hypertext mark-up language ICSU International Council for Science IDD Internet Data Distribution

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PROCEEDINGS OF THE WORKSHOP ON PROMOTING ACCESS TO SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL DATA FOR THE PUBLIC INTEREST: AN ASSESSMENT OF POLICY OPTIONS IEEE Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers IP Internet protocol IPR intellectual property right IRB Institutional Review Board ISI Institute for Scientific Information, Inc. ITA International Trade Administration LTER Long-Term Ecological Research MB megabyte MMDB Molecular Modeling Database NavTech Navigation Technologies, Inc. NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NBII National Biological Information Infrastructure NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information NCDC National Climatic Data Center NESDIS National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service netCDF network common data form NEXRAD Next Generation Radar NHGRI National Human Genome Research Institute NIH National Institutes of Health NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NLM National Library of Medicine NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NRC National Research Council NSDI National Spatial Data Infrastructure NSF National Science Foundation NWIS National Weather and Information System NWS National Weather Service OCR optical character recognition OMB Office of Management and Budget OMIM Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man PC personal computer PDB Protein Data Bank R&D research and development REFPROP Thermodynamic and Transport Properties of Refrigerants and Refrigerant Mixtures Database S&T scientific and technical SDTS spatial data transfer standard STN Science and Technology Network

OCR for page 377
PROCEEDINGS OF THE WORKSHOP ON PROMOTING ACCESS TO SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL DATA FOR THE PUBLIC INTEREST: AN ASSESSMENT OF POLICY OPTIONS TASC The Analytical Corporation UCAR University Corporation for Atmospheric Research UCC Uniform Commercial Code UCTTA Uniform Computer Information Transactions Act UniGene Unique Human Gene Sequence Collection USC United States Code USGS United States Geological Survey WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization WMO World Meteorilogical Organization WSI Weather Services International WWW World Wide Web