logical oceanography. These individuals all led expeditions, directed laboratories, made important scholarly contributions, and at the same time were mentors to a generation of talented biological oceanographers. The significant contributions of these individuals to biological oceanography will have to be recognized at a future opportunity.
1926 Hjort, J. 1926. Fluctuations in the year classes of important food fishes. J. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer. 1:1-38.
1955 Odum, H.T., and E.P. Odum. 1955. Trophic structure and productivity at a windward coral reef community on Eniwetok Atoll. Ecol. Monogr. 25:291-320.
1958 Redfield, A.C. 1958. The biological control of chemical factors in the environment. Amer. Scientist 46:205-221.
1961 Hutchinson, G.E. 1961. The paradox of the plankton. Amer. Nat . 95:137-145.
1989 Cushing, D.H. 1989. A difference in structure between ecosystems in strongly stratified waters and in those that are only weakly stratified. J. Plankton Res. 11:1-13.
1989 McIntosh, R.P. 1989. Citation classics of ecology. The Quarterly Review of Biology 64:31-49.
1995 Parsons, T.R., and H. Seki. 1995. A historical perspective of biological studies in the ocean. Aquat. Living Resour. 8:113-122.
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Landmark Achievements of Ocean Sciences Achievements in Biological Oceanography ."
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