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APPENDIX E
Support of Ocean Sciences at NSF from 1966 to 1999



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OCR for page 247
50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950—2000 APPENDIX E Support of Ocean Sciences at NSF from 1966 to 1999

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50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950—2000   Expenditures ($ Millions)   FY 66 FY 67 FY 68 FY 69 FY 70 FY 71 FY 72 Biological 6.6 6.9 6.1 6.3 3.7 3.9 4.4 Chemical           * * Geological   1.9 2.9 2.6 3.2 3.4 4.2 Physical 3.7 3.0 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.7 4.0 Ocean Technology Education OSRS, Subtotals 10.3 11.8 10.9 11.0 9.0 10.0 12.6 Living Resources             1.1 Environmental Quality           7.2 5.8 Seabed Assessment           5.3 3.8 Environmental Forecasting           2.4 8.7 General Support           0.3 2.3 IDOE, Subtotals           15.2 21.7 OFS 9.3 8.4 11.6 14.0 7.4 9.2 14.5 Sea Grant     5.0 6.0 9.0 6.1   ODP         6.6 7.1 9.3 OCE, TOTAL 19.6 20.2 27.5 31.1 32.0 47.6 58.1   FY 83 FY 84 FY 85 FY 86 FY 87 FY 88 FY 89 Biological 11.8 12.9 13.9 13.3 14.4 14.8 17.1 Chemical 10.8 12.0 12.4 11.9 13.4 13.7 14.5 Geological 12.6 14.6 15.2 14.6 16.2 16.2 16.0 Physical 14.7 15.6 16.8 17.1 22.5 22.8 23.3 Ocean Technology Education OSRS, Subtotals 49.9 55.1 58.3 56.9 66.5 67.5 70.9 Living Resources Environmental Quality Seabed Assessment Environmental Forecasting General Support IDOE, Subtotals OFS 31.6 32.9 35.2 33.7 37.2 37.2 43.6 Sea Grant ODP 21.0 26.3 27.7 28.8 30.0 30.6 31.4 OCE, TOTAL 102.5 114.3 121.2 119.4 133.7 135.3 145.9

OCR for page 247
50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950—2000   Expenditures ($ Millions)   FY 73 FY 74 FY 75 FY 76 FY 77 FY 78 FY 79 FY 80 FY 81 FY 82 Biological 4.3 4.1 4.6 4.5 4.7 5.2 5.3 7.5 10.2 10.7 Chemical * 1.6 2.1 2.4 2.6 3.2 3.5 7.7 10.3 10.3 Geological 4.3 4.4 5.3 5.7 7.1 6.9 7.2 11.5 12.4 12.0 Physical 4.1 3.0 3.3 3.1 3.3 3.7 3.8 14.9 14.7 13.7 Ocean Technology Education OSRS, Subtotals 12.7 13.1 15.3 15.7 17.7 19.0 19.8 41.6 47.6 46.5 Living Resources 1.8 2.4 2.0 2.1 3.3 2.5 2.6       Environmental Quality 4.1 4.5 4.4 3.9 5.1 5.2 5.2       Seabed Assessment 2.5 3.3 3.0 3.0 3.3 3.8 4.7       Environmental Forecasting 5.3 3.1 5.1 6.0 4.9 6.1 6.8       General Support 3.2 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.3       IDOE, Subtotals 16.9 13.8 14.9 15.5 17.2 18.4 19.6       OFS 11.0 18.2 20.6 16.0 18.4 20.8 23.2 24.7 27.4 28.1 Sea Grant ODP 9.6 11.1 10.5 11.8 12.8 13.4 11.6 19.5 22.0 20.5 OCE, TOTAL 50.2 56.2 61.3 59.0 66.1 71.6 74.2 85.8 97.0 95.1   FY 90 FY 91 FY 92 FY 93 FY 94 FY 95 FY 96 FY 97 FY 98 FY 99 Biological 17.3 20.3 22.9 21.7 24.3 25.6 26.6 26.7 27.3 30.0 Chemical 14.9 16.1 17.2 16.2 17.0 17.4 18.3 18.5 18.2 20.1 Geological 16.0 17.4 19.0 18.1 20.6 21.4 22.1 22.2 22.5 25.8 Physical 24.7 28.3 30.9 29.3 29.9 30.0 30.4 30.4 29.9 32.2 Ocean Technology       6.5 8.2 8.2 9.1 9.4 10.3 10.9 Education               2.1 2.9 2.8 OSRS, Subtotals 72.9 82.1 90.0 91.8 100.0 102.6 106.5 109.3 111.1 121.8 Living Resources Environmental Quality Seabed Assessment Environmental Forecasting General Support IDOE, Subtotals OFS 42.5 47.7 51.2 51.7 50.2 50.4 47.5 47.7 46.7 47.3 Sea Grant ODP 32.0 35.0 36.3 35.9 38.7 39.8 39.6 40.3 41.3 45.6 OCE, TOTAL 147.4 164.8 177.5 179.4 188.9 192.8 193.6 197.3 199.1 214.7 This informal 33-year budget history reconstruction was done by Adair Montgomery and Julian Shedlovsky for the period up to the mid-1980s. Please read components Oceanographic Facilities and Ships (OFS) and the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP), and its pre-cursors. The ''OCE, total" are the estimated funds "A Chronology" by Michael Reeve in this volume for details regarding the sub-components of this table. Program, Section, and Division names are the of all the program components, which became identified with the present-day Division of Ocean Sciences (OCE). Although these totals represent a rough present-day names. At the end of the International Decade of Ocean Exploration (IDOE), the funds were appropriately merged into the corresponding estimate of NSF expenditures in marine-related fields, they are a minimum estimate because they do not include any expenditures in other branches of NSF, programs of the Ocean Sciences Research Section (OSRS). The Oceanographic Centers and Facilities Section (OCFS) is tracked in this table by its two sub-such as Polar Programs or programs within the present-day Directorate for Biosciences in the area of marine biology.