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Appendix H—
Acronyms


AAEO

Astronomical, Atmospheric, Earth and Ocean Sciences (NSF)

AD

Associate Director

AD/NI

Associate Director for National and International Programs (NSF)

AD/R

Associate Director for Research (NSF)

ADCP

acoustic Doppler current profiler

AEC

Atomic Energy Commission

AEOS

Astronomical, Earth and Ocean Sciences (NSF)

AGU

American Geophysical Union

AMS

Accelerator Mass Spectrometry

AMSOC

American Miscellaneous Society

APROPOS

Advances and Primary Research Opportunities in Physical Oceanography Studies

ARGO

Array for Real-Time Geostrophic Oceanography

ASLO

American Society of Limnology and Oceanography

AUV

autonomous underwater vehicle


BBS

Biological, Behavioral, and Social Sciences (NSF)

BBSR

Bermuda Biological Station for Research

BECS

Basin-wide Extended Climate Study

BMS

Biological and Medical Sciences Division (NSF)

BT

bathythermograph


CCD

calcite compensation depth

CENOP

Cenezoic Paleoceanography Project (IDOE)

CEPEX

Controlled Pollution Experiment

CGO

Coordinating Group on Oceanography (NSF)

CLIMAP

Climate: Long-range Investigation, Mapping and Prediction

CLIVAR

Climate Variability and Prediction program

CMSER

Commission on Marine Sciences, Engineering, and Resources

CNEXO

Centre National pour L'Exploitation de Oceans

CNP

Central North Pacific Gyre

COB

Centre Oceanologique de Bretagne

CODE

Coastal Ocean Dynamics Experiment

CORE

Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education

CTD

conductivity-temperature-depth profiler

CUEA

Coastal Upwelling Ecosystems Analysis

CZCS

Coastal Zone Color Scanner



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50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950—2000 Appendix H— Acronyms AAEO Astronomical, Atmospheric, Earth and Ocean Sciences (NSF) AD Associate Director AD/NI Associate Director for National and International Programs (NSF) AD/R Associate Director for Research (NSF) ADCP acoustic Doppler current profiler AEC Atomic Energy Commission AEOS Astronomical, Earth and Ocean Sciences (NSF) AGU American Geophysical Union AMS Accelerator Mass Spectrometry AMSOC American Miscellaneous Society APROPOS Advances and Primary Research Opportunities in Physical Oceanography Studies ARGO Array for Real-Time Geostrophic Oceanography ASLO American Society of Limnology and Oceanography AUV autonomous underwater vehicle BBS Biological, Behavioral, and Social Sciences (NSF) BBSR Bermuda Biological Station for Research BECS Basin-wide Extended Climate Study BMS Biological and Medical Sciences Division (NSF) BT bathythermograph CCD calcite compensation depth CENOP Cenezoic Paleoceanography Project (IDOE) CEPEX Controlled Pollution Experiment CGO Coordinating Group on Oceanography (NSF) CLIMAP Climate: Long-range Investigation, Mapping and Prediction CLIVAR Climate Variability and Prediction program CMSER Commission on Marine Sciences, Engineering, and Resources CNEXO Centre National pour L'Exploitation de Oceans CNP Central North Pacific Gyre COB Centre Oceanologique de Bretagne CODE Coastal Ocean Dynamics Experiment CORE Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education CTD conductivity-temperature-depth profiler CUEA Coastal Upwelling Ecosystems Analysis CZCS Coastal Zone Color Scanner

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50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950—2000 DDT dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane DES Division of Environmental Sciences (NSF) DISCO Dissertations in Chemical Oceanography DOE Department of Energy DSDP Deep Sea Drilling Program EF Environmental Forecasting (IDOE) ENSO El Niño-Southern Oscillation EPOCS Eastern Pacific Ocean Climate Study EPR East Pacific Rise ERDA Energy Research and Development Administration EQ Environmental Quality (IDOE) ES Division of Earth Sciences (NSF) FAMOUS French-American Mid-Ocean Undersea Study FOCUS Future of Ocean Chemistry in the United States FUMAGES Future of Marine Geology and Geophysics GARP Global Atmospheric Research Program GCM general circulation models GDC Geologic Data Center GEO Directorate for Geosciences (NSF) GEOSECS Geochemical Ocean Sections Study GFD geophysical fluid dynamics GLOBEC Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics program GODAE Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment GSO Graduate School of Oceanography (Univ. of Rhode Island) ICO Interagency Committee on Oceanography ICP-MS inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer ICSU International Council of Scientific Unions (now the International Council for Science) IDOE International Decade of Ocean Exploration IGY International Geophysical Year IIOE International Indian Ocean Exploration IOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program IPA Intergovernmental Personnel Agreement IPOD International Program for Ocean Drilling ISOS International Southern Ocean Studies JGOFS Joint Global Ocean Flux Study JOI Joint Oceanographic Institutions, Inc. JOIDES Joint Oceanographic Institutions for Deep Earth Sampling JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory LDEO Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory LDGO Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory LOCO LOng COres drilling program LR Living Resources (IDOE) MANOP Manganese Nodule Program (Phase 2) (IDOE) MAR Mid-Atlantic Ridge MBL Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole)

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50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950—2000 MEDOC Mediterranean Deep Ocean Convection MERL Marine Ecosystems Research Laboratory MG&G marine geology and geophysics MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology MODE Mid-Ocean Dynamics Experiment MPE Division of Mathematics, Physics and Engineering (NSF) MPES Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences Division (NSF) MPS Mathematical and Physical Sciences (NSF) NACOA National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere NAML National Association of Marine Laboratories NAS National Academy of Sciences NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASCO NAS Committee on Oceanography NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research NCF National Centers and Facilities (NSF) NGO non-governmental organization NIH National Institutes of Health NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NODC National Oceanographic Data Center (NOAA) NOLS National Oceanographic Laboratory System NORPAX North Pacific Experiment NOSAMS National Ocean Sciences Accelerator Mass Spectrometer NRC National Research Council NSF National Science Foundation OAP Office of Antarctic Programs (NSF) OCE Division of Ocean Sciences (NSF) OCFS Oceanographic Facilities and Centers (OCE) ODP Ocean Drilling Program OEUVRE Ocean Ecology: Understanding and Vision for Research OMD Ocean Margin Drilling OMDP Ocean Margin Drilling Program (NSF) ONR Office of Naval Research OOFS Office for Oceanographic Facilities and Support (NSF) OPP Office of Polar Programs (NSF) OSOD Office of Scientific Ocean Drilling (NSF) OSRS Ocean Sciences Research Section (OCE) OT Oceanographic Technology OTA Office of Technology Assessment OTIC Ocean Technology and Interdisciplinary Coordination (NSF) PDR precision depth recorder PEQUOD Pacific Equatorial Ocean Dynamics Experiment PI principal investigator POLYMODE U.S.-Soviet follow-on to MODE PRIMA Pollutant Responses In Marine Animals PSAC President's Science Advisory Committee RIDGE Ridge Inter-Disciplinary Global Experiments RISE Rivera Submersible Experiments RITA Rivera and TAmayo (French phase of East Pacific Rise explorations) ROV remotely-operated vehicle RVOC Research Vessels Operators' Committee

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50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950—2000 SAR synthetic aperture radar SASS Sound Acoustic Surveillance System SBA Sea Bed Assessment (IDOE) SCICEX Scientific Ice Expeditions SEABEAM shipboard multi-transducer swath echo sounding system SEAREX Sea-Air Exchange SEASAT Earth Satellite dedicated to Oceanographic Applications SEATAR Studies in East Asia Tectonics and Resources (IDOE) SeaWiFS Sea-Viewing Wide Field of View Sensor SES Seagrass Ecosystem Study (IDOE) SG&G submarine geology and geophysics SIO Scripps Institution of Oceanography SSC Scientific Steering Committee SSG Scientific Steering Group TAC Technical Assistance Committee TAO Tropical Atmosphere Ocean TH Tropic Heat (a study of the Eastern Pacific Cold Tongue) TOGA Tropical Ocean-Global Atmosphere TOPEX Ocean Topography Experiment TTO Transient Tracers in the Ocean TW Terawatts UCAR University Corporation for Atmospheric Research UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization UNL University-National Laboratory URI University of Rhode Island USAP U.S. Antarctic Program USGCRP U.S. Global Change Research Program USSAC U.S. Scientific Advisory Committee (ODP) VERTEX VERTical transport and EXchange of materials in the upper waters of the oceans WEPOCS Western Equatorial Pacific Ocean Circulation Study WHOI Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WMO World Meteorological Organization WOCE World Ocean Circulation Experiment