Vega, W., and H.Amaro 1994 Latino outlook: Good health, uncertain prognosis. Annual Review of Public Health 15:39–67.
Vega, W., and R.Rumbaut 1991 Ethnic minorities and mental health. Annual Review of Sociology 17:351–383.
Wallace, R., and D.Wallace 1997 Socioeconomic determinants of health: Community marginalisation and the diffusion of disease and disorder in the United States. British Medical Journal 314:1341–1345.
Whittle, J, J.Conigliaro, C.Good, and R.Lofgren 1993 Racial differences in the use of invasive cardiovascular procedures in the Department of Veterans Affairs. New England Journal of Medicine 329:621–626.
Williams, D. 1986 The epidemiology of mental illness in Afro-Americans. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 37:42–49.
1990 Socioeconomic differentials in health: A review and redirection. Social Psychology Quarterly 53(2):81–99.
1996a The health of the African American population. Pp. 404–416 in Origins and Destinies: Immigration, Race, and Ethnicity in America, S.Pedraza and R.Rumbaut, eds. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth Health Sciences.
1996b Race/ethnicity and Socioeconomic status: Measurement and methodological issues. International Journal of Health Services 26(3):483–505.
1996c Racism and health: A research agenda. Ethnicity and Disease 6(1,2):1–6.
1997 Race and health: Basic questions, emerging directions. Annals of Epidemiology 7(5):322–333.
1998 African-American health: The role of the social environment. Journal of Urban Health Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 75:300–321.
Williams, D., and A.Chung In press Racism and health. In Health in Black America, R.Gibson and J.Jackson, eds. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications.
Williams, D., and C.Collins 1995 U.S. Socioeconomic and racial differences in health. Annual Review of Sociology 21:349–386.
Williams, D., and M.Harris-Reid 1999 Race and mental health: Emerging patterns and promising approaches. Pp. 295– 314 in A Handbook for the Study of Mental Health: Social Contexts, Theories, and Systems, A.Horwitz and T.Scheid, eds. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Williams, D., Y.Yu, J.Jackson, and N.Anderson 1997 Racial differences in physical and mental health: Socioeconomic status, stress, and discrimination. Journal of Health Psychology 2(3):335–351.
Wilson, W. 1987 The Truly Disadvantaged. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Wilson, M., D.May, and J.Kelly 1994 Racial differences in the use of total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis among older Americans. Ethnicity and Disease 4:57–67.
Yergan, J., A.Flood, J.Logerfo, and P.Diehr 1987 Relationship between patient race and the intensity of hospital services. Medical Care 25(7):592–603.