Page 252

TABLE C-1 Continued


Sample Description

Data Source

Cost (continued)


Johnson and Bootman, 1995
Drug-related morbidity and mortality

A probability pathway model was developed for drug-related morbidity and mortality based primarily on drug-related problems (DRPs). A panel of experts gave estimates on the numbers of patients affected by DRPs and monetary value data were taken from published reports and statistical reports.

Telephone survey of 15 expert practicing pharmacists.

Schneider et al., 1995
Cost of medication-related problems at a university hospital

109 patients at a universityaffiliated medical center hospital who were known to have had clinical consequences from an adverse drug reaction (ADR) or medication error.

Retrospective chart review.

Bloom, 1988
Cost of treating arthritis and NSAID-related gastrointestinal side-effects

Retrospective analysis of all direct costs related to the care of 527 Medicaid recipients treated for arthritis with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) between December 1,1981 and November 30, 1983.

Medicaid Management Information System of Washington, D.C.

(table continued on next page)

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