Appendixes



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The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation’s Elderly: Evaluating Coverage of Nutrition Services for the Medicare Population Appendixes

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The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation’s Elderly: Evaluating Coverage of Nutrition Services for the Medicare Population This page intentionally left blank.

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The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation’s Elderly: Evaluating Coverage of Nutrition Services for the Medicare Population Appendix A Acronyms ACE Angiotensin-converting enzyme ADA American Dietetic Association ADL Activity of daily living AHA American Hospital Association AHRQ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (formerly the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research) AL Assisted living AMI Acute myocardial infarction AoA Administration on Aging, Department of Health and Human Services APC Ambulatory payment classification ASCVD Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease BBA Balanced Budget Act of 1997 BMD Bone mineral density BMI Body mass index, weight (kg)/height (cm)2 BMT Bone marrow transplantation BP Blood pressure CAADE Commission on Accreditation/Approval for Dietetics Education CAM Complementary and alternative CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDE Certified Diabetes Educator

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The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation’s Elderly: Evaluating Coverage of Nutrition Services for the Medicare Population CDM Certified Dietary Manager CDR Commission on Dietetic Registration CEA Cost-effectiveness analysis CHD Coronary heart disease CI Confidence interval CNA Certified Nursing Assistant CNS Certified Nutrition Specialist CNSD Certified Nutrition Support Dietitian CPR Customary, prevailing, and reasonable CPT Current procedural terminology CSP Certified Specialist in Pediatric Nutrition CSR Certified Specialist in Renal Disease CT Computed tomography CUA Cost–utility analysis CSFII Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals CVD Cardiovascular disease DASH Dietary Interventions to Stop Hypertension DC Doctor of Chiropractic DBP Diastolic blood pressure DCCT Diabetes Control and Complications Trial DOD Department of Defense DRG Diagnosis related group DT Dietetic Technician DTR Dietetic Technician, Registered DXA Dual-energy x-ray absorption EBC Evidence-based center ECRI Emergency Care Research Institute ENP Elderly nutrition program EPC Evidence-based practice center EPESE Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly ESRD End-stage renal disease FADA Fellow of the American Dietetic Association FPG Fasting plasma glucose GFR Glomerular filtration rate GH Growth hormone HCFA Health Care Financing Administration HDL High-density lipoprotein

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The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation’s Elderly: Evaluating Coverage of Nutrition Services for the Medicare Population HEDIS Health plan employer data and information set HF Heart failure HHA Home health agency HI Hospitalization insurance HMG-CoA β-Hydroxy-β-methylglutarylcoenzyme A HMO Health maintenance organization HRT Hormone replacement therapy HTN Hypertension IDPN Intradialytic parenteral nutrition IGF Insulin-like growth factor IL Interleukin IPS Interim payment system IU International unit JCAHO Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations LBM Lean body mass LDL Low-density lipoprotein MAMC Mid-arm muscle circumference MDRD Modification of Diet in Renal Disease MDS Minimum data set MNA Mini nutritional assessment MRI Mortality risk index NCEP National Cholesterol Education Program NCQA National Committee on Quality Assurance NSI Nutrition screening initiative ND, NMD Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NHLBI National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute OASIS Outcomes Assessment and Information Set 25-(OH)D 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 PACE Programs of All Inclusive Care for the Elderly PATHS Prevention and Treatment of Hypertension Study PESRD Pre-end stage renal disease PEU Protein–energy undernutrition PPN Peripheral parenteral nutrition PPO Preferred provider organization

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The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation’s Elderly: Evaluating Coverage of Nutrition Services for the Medicare Population PPS Prospective payment system PRCT Prospective randomized clinical trial PSO Provider-sponsored organization QALY Quality-adjusted life year RAP Resident assessment protocol RD Registered Dietitian RR Relative risk SBP Systolic blood pressure SMI Supplementary medical insurance SNF Skilled nursing facility TNF Tumor necrosis factor TONE Trial of Nonpharmacologic Interventions in the Elderly TPN Total parenteral nutrition TSF Triceps skinfold thickness UKPDS United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study VA Department of Veterans Affairs WHI Women’s Health Initiative