Appendix I
Committee Biographical Sketches

Virginia A. Stallings, M.D., is chief, Nutrition Section, Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and professor of pediatrics, the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. Dr. Stallings is a member of the Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, and an active member of the American Society for Clinical Nutrition. She holds a B.S. in nutrition and foods from Auburn University, an M.S. in human nutrition and biochemistry from Cornell University, and an M.D. from the University of Alabama School of Medicine. In addition, Dr. Stallings completed a clinical and research fellowship in pediatric nutrition at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Ontario.

Lawrence J. Appel, M.D., M.P.H., is associate professor of medicine, epidemiology, and international health of the Johns Hopkins University Medical Institutions. Dr. Appel has been the principal or coprincipal investigator in numerous studies that examined the effects of life-style modification, particularly nutrition interventions on blood pressure. In addition, Dr. Appel is the course director for critical appraisal of published clinical research and clinical trial—issues and controversies—at Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Appel holds a M.D. from the New York University School of Medicine and a M.P.H. from Johns Hopkins University.

Julia A. James is principal, Health Policy Alternatives, Inc. (HPA). Ms. James joined HPA as a principal in 1998 with more than 25 years in



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The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation’s Elderly: Evaluating Coverage of Nutrition Services for the Medicare Population Appendix I Committee Biographical Sketches Virginia A. Stallings, M.D., is chief, Nutrition Section, Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and professor of pediatrics, the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. Dr. Stallings is a member of the Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, and an active member of the American Society for Clinical Nutrition. She holds a B.S. in nutrition and foods from Auburn University, an M.S. in human nutrition and biochemistry from Cornell University, and an M.D. from the University of Alabama School of Medicine. In addition, Dr. Stallings completed a clinical and research fellowship in pediatric nutrition at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Ontario. Lawrence J. Appel, M.D., M.P.H., is associate professor of medicine, epidemiology, and international health of the Johns Hopkins University Medical Institutions. Dr. Appel has been the principal or coprincipal investigator in numerous studies that examined the effects of life-style modification, particularly nutrition interventions on blood pressure. In addition, Dr. Appel is the course director for critical appraisal of published clinical research and clinical trial—issues and controversies—at Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Appel holds a M.D. from the New York University School of Medicine and a M.P.H. from Johns Hopkins University. Julia A. James is principal, Health Policy Alternatives, Inc. (HPA). Ms. James joined HPA as a principal in 1998 with more than 25 years in

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The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation’s Elderly: Evaluating Coverage of Nutrition Services for the Medicare Population health services research, planning, and policy. Before joining HPA, she was the chief health policy analyst for the Senate Committee on Finance. In this capacity she was responsible for overseeing health policy issues within the jurisdiction of the committee, including Medicare, Medicaid, the State Children’s Health Insurance Program, and health system reform issues. Prior to joining the Finance Committee staff in 1991, Ms. James was involved with health policy in the state of Oregon. She has experience in applying evidence-based medicine and cost-effectiveness analyses to health policy development. She received her B.A. from Oregon State University and has done graduate work in public administration at Portland State University and the Lewis and Clark Graduate School of Professional Studies. Gordon L. Jensen, M.D., Ph.D., is associate professor of medicine, Division of Gastroenterology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center and adjunct associate physician, Department of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Pennsylvania State Geisinger Health System. Dr. Jensen is currently chairman of the Clinical Practice Issues Committee for the American Society of Clinical Nutrition and is a member of the Board of Directors of the American Board of Nutrition. He also serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. His current research interests include nutritional concerns of rural older persons, nutrition screening for risk in elderly populations, and obesity and function in older persons. He holds a B.S. in biology from the Pennsylvania State University, a Ph.D. in nutritional biochemistry from Cornell University, and an M.D. from Cornell University Medical College. Dr. Jensen completed internal medicine as well as fellowship training in hyperalimentation and nutrition at New England Deaconess Hospital. Elvira Q. Johnson, M.S., R.D., C.D.E., is director, Clinical Nutrition Services, Cambridge Health Alliance. In this capacity, Ms. Johnson coordinates all clinical nutrition services throughout the alliance including Women, Infants, and Children, ambulatory, acute, long-term, and home care, and is charged with the task of improving the nutritional health of the community and reducing health care costs. She received the American Dietetic Association Foundation Award for Excellence in the Practice of Clinical Nutrition and was Employee of the Year for the City of Cambridge in 1995. She holds a B.S. from Rutgers University and an M.S. in nutrition and adult education from Boston University. In addition, she is a certified diabetes educator. Joyce K. Keithley, D.N.Sc., R.N., is professor, Rush University, College of Nursing, Chicago, and adjunct assistant professor, University of Illi-

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The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation’s Elderly: Evaluating Coverage of Nutrition Services for the Medicare Population nois, College of Nursing. Dr. Keithley has published several papers on nutritional topics such as enteral nutrition, obesity, and nutrition assessment. She holds a B.S.N. from the University of Illinois, an M.S.N from DePaul University, and a D.N.Sc. from Rush University. The specialty area for her D.N.Sc. was clinical nutrition and complex gastrointestinal surgery patients. Colonel Esther F. Myers, Ph.D., R.D., F.A.D.A., is chief consultant to the U.S. Air Force Surgeon General for Nutrition and Dietetics, associate chief, Biomedical Sciences Corps for Dietetics, and flight commander, Nutritional Medicine at 60th Medical Group, Travis Air Force Base, California. Col. Myers was actively involved in the development of the Department of Defense outcome measurement system for indicators of outpatient nutrition services, focusing particularly on data to support management decisions on the effectiveness of various methods of nutrition counseling. She currently serves on the Health Services Research Committee of the American Dietetic Association. She received a B.S. from North Dakota State University, an M.S. in human nutrition and food management from the Ohio State University, and a Ph.D. in human ecology from Kansas State University. F. Xavier Pi-Sunyer, M.D., M.P.H., is director of the Obesity Research Center and chief of endocrinology, diabetes and nutrition at St. Lukes-Roosevelt Hospital Center, and professor of medicine at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University. Dr. Pi-Sunyer’s research interests include the hormonal control of carbohydrate metabolism, diabetes mellitus, obesity, and food intake regulation. He is a past president of the American Diabetes Association, the American Society of Clinical Nutrition, and the North American Association for the Study of Obesity. He currently serves on the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Task Force for the Prevention and Treatment of Obesity. Dr. Pi-Sunyer served on the past Institute of Medicine Committee on Opportunities in the Nutrition and Food Sciences. He holds a B.A. in chemistry from Oberlin College, an M.D. from Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, and an M.P.H. from Harvard University. Harold Pollack, Ph.D., is assistant professor, Department of Health Management and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Dr. Pollack’s main research interests include the targeting and cost-effectiveness of services for severely disadvantaged populations. He is a member of the American Economic Association and the American Public Health Association. Dr. Pollack holds a B.S.E. from Princeton Uni-

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The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation’s Elderly: Evaluating Coverage of Nutrition Services for the Medicare Population versity in electrical engineering and computer science, as well as an M.P.P. and a Ph.D. in public policy from Harvard University. Carol Porter, Ph.D., R.D., F.A.D.A., is director, Nutrition Services and Dietetic Internship Program, University of California, San Francisco Medical Center. Dr. Porter’s expertise includes the area of clinical nutrition management. Her current research interests include nutrition in the nursing home setting. She holds a B.A. and an M.S. in nutrition from the University of Iowa and a Ph.D. in nutrition from the University of California at Berkeley. David B. Reuben, M.D., is chief, Division of Geriatrics and director, Multicampus Program in Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, University of California at Los Angeles School of Medicine. Dr. Reuben’s area of expertise includes gerontology and evidence based medicine. His research interests include geriatric nutrition screening and assessment. Dr. Rueben is a member of the Board of Directors of the American Geriatrics Society and a member of the Gerontological Society of America. He currently serves on the editorial board of the Journal of the American Geriatric Society. Dr. Reuben has served on a past IOM Committee to Advise the Hartford Foundation on Strengthening the Geriatric Content of Medical Training. He attended Emory College and received his M.D. from Emory University School of Medicine. Robert S. Schwartz, M.D., is professor and attending physician, Division of Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle. He is also a graduate faculty member in nutrition at the University of Washington. Dr. Schwartz’s research interests include diet, exercise, obesity, and diabetes in the elderly. He is a member of the American Geriatrics Society, the Gerontological Society of America, and the American Society for Clinical Nutrition. In addition, he currently serves on the editorial board of the Journal of the American Geriatric Society. Dr. Schwartz holds a B.S. in zoology from the University of Michigan and an M.D. from Ohio State University, Columbus. Annalynn Skipper, M.S., R.D., C.N.S.D., F.A.D.A., is codirector, Nutrition Consultation Service, Rush-Presbyterian, St. Luke’s Medical Center and assistant professor, Department of Clinical Nutrition, Rush University. Ms. Skipper’s area of expertise lies in the delivery of nutrition support and the management of a multidisciplinary nutrition support service. She has numerous publications on enteral and parenteral nutrition, including its practice in home care and the development of an outcomes database for patients receiving parenteral nutrition. She holds a B.S. from Tarleton

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The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation’s Elderly: Evaluating Coverage of Nutrition Services for the Medicare Population State University and an M.S. in nutrition from Texas Tech University. She has been a certified nutrition support dietitian since 1987. Linda G. Snetselaar, Ph.D., R.D., is associate professor and chair, Preventive Nutrition Education, Department of Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health, University of Iowa. She is also a faculty member in the Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology. Dr. Snetselaar has served as a principal or coprincipal investigator for several sentinel diet-related intervention studies including the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial, the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease study, Dietary Intake in Lipid Research, and the Women’s Health Initiative. She has directed numerous counseling workshops for nutrition interventions. Her research interests include diet intervention in cardiovascular disease, renal disease, diabetes, and cancer. She holds an M.S. in nutrition and a Ph.D. in health sciences education, both from the University of Iowa.

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The Role of Nutrition in Maintaining Health in the Nation’s Elderly: Evaluating Coverage of Nutrition Services for the Medicare Population