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GENETICALLY MODIFIED PEST-PROTECTED PLANTS: SCIENCE AND REGULATION Appendix F Committee Biographical Information PERRYADKISSON(CHAIR), CHANCELLOREMERITUS ANDDISTINGUISHEDPROFESSOREMERITUS, TEXASA&M UNIVERSITY Dr. Adkisson is known as the father of integrated pest management and was awarded the World Food Prize in 1997 for his significant contributions in plant protection. As Chancellor of the Texas A& M University System, Dr. Adkisson provided extraordinary leadership in a major agricultural state in meeting the needs of state clientele and at the same time developing the university into a world class research institution. He has had a distinguished career as a researcher, educator, and administrator. Dr. Adkisson was elected to the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) in 1979 for his cutting-edge research in entomology and integrated pest management programs. He has served on a number of National Research Council (NRC) boards and commissions including Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, Food and Nutrition Board, Commission on Life Sciences, and several NAS/NRC ad hoc committees. Dr. Adkisson received his Ph.D. in entomology from Kansas State University. STANLEYABRAMSON, MEMBER, ARENTFOXKINTNERPLOTKIN& KAHN, WASHINGTON, DC Mr. Abramson's law practice is focused on biotechnology, food safety, and environmental law. He works extensively with risk assessment and
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GENETICALLY MODIFIED PEST-PROTECTED PLANTS: SCIENCE AND REGULATION risk management issues and assists clients with obtaining regulatory approvals for agricultural, industrial and consumer products, including products of genetic engineering. Mr. Abramson represents clients in federal and state enforcement proceedings and defends products before regulatory agencies and the courts. He is the past Associate General Counsel for Pesticides and Toxic Substances at EPA and a principal author of the federal government's Coordinated Framework for Regulation of Biotechnology. Mr. Abramson received his J.D. from Rutgers University. STEPHENBAENZIGER, EUGENEW. PRICEPROFESSOR, DEPARTMENT OFAGRONOMY, UNIVERSITY OFNEBRASKA Dr. Baenziger's research interests focus on cultivar and germplasm development for small grains and improved breeding methodology. New breeding methods include use of tissue culture, genetic engineering, cytogenetic stocks, molecular markers, and statistical designs. Dr. Baenziger has had experience as a plant breeder in industry and with the US Department of Agriculture. He obtained his B.A. in biochemical sciences at Harvard University and his M.S. and Ph.D. in plant breeding and genetics from Purdue University. FREDBETZ, SENIORSCIENTIST, JELLINEK, SCHWARTZ& CONNOLLY, ARLINGTON,VA Mr. Betz directs the biotechnology and biopesticides practice for this environmental consulting firm. He advises companies in regulatory strategy, provides technical advice on biopesticide matters, and assists with product registrations. These registrations include several of the first genetically engineered plant-pesticides and the first genetically engineered microbial pesticides. Mr. Betz was the principal scientist and regulatory specialist at EPA, where he was responsible for biopesticide risk assessment and biotechnology policy. He received his M.S. in environmental engineering from the University of Florida. JAMESC. CARRINGTON, PROFESSOR, INSTITUTE OFBIOLOGICALCHEMISTRY, WASHINGTONSTATEUNIVERSITY. Dr. Carrington is a past NSF Presidential Young Investigator and recipient of the Individual National Research Service Award from NIH. Dr. Carrington's research focuses on viral infection in Arabidopsis, host responses to viruses, genetic analysis of RNA virus-host interaction, and activity and transport of viral proteins. He received his Ph.D. in plant pathology from the University of California, Berkeley.
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GENETICALLY MODIFIED PEST-PROTECTED PLANTS: SCIENCE AND REGULATION REBECCAGOLDBURGSENIORSCIENTIST, ENVIRONMENTALDEFENSE, NEWYORK, NY Dr. Goldburg has been responsible for Environmental Defense policy on a number of issues concerning agricultural biotechnology. Dr. Goldburg has authored a number of publications and lectured extensively on food safety, including allergenicity, and on environmental concerns associated with transgenic crops. She received her Ph.D. in ecology from the University of Minnesota. FREDGOULD, WILLIAMNEALREYNOLDSPROFESSOR, DEPARTMENT OFENTOMOLOGY, NORTHCAROLINASTATEUNIVERSITY Dr. Gould's expertise is in the ecological, genetic, and chemical aspects of plant/herbivore interactions. In particular, he is conducting seminal work on resistance management strategies for transgenic crops containing Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) insecticidal genes. Dr. Gould has served on several NRC committees including the Committee on the Future Role of Pesticides in Agriculture and on the Committee on Biological Pest and Pathogen Control. He was involved in the NRC report titled Ecologically Based Pest Management: New Solutions for a New Century (1995). Dr. Gould received his Ph.D. from SUNY at Stony Brook. ERNESTHODGSON, WILLIAMNEALREYNOLDSPROFESSOR OFTOXICOLOGY, NORTHCAROLINASTATEUNIVERSITY Dr. Hodgson's areas of expertise are pesticide metabolism and toxicology. In particular, his lab studies the induction and mechanism of human and rodent cytochrome P450 isoforms in oxidizing agricultural chemicals. Dr. Hodgson has authored well-known basic textbooks of toxicology, A Textbook of Modern Toxicology and An Introduction to Biochemical Toxicology. He served on the NRC committee which authored the report Carcinogens and Anticarcinogens in the Human Diet: A Comparison of Naturally Occurring and Synthetic Substances (1996) and is the editor of the Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology. Dr. Hodgson received his Ph.D. in Biochemistry from Oregon State University. TOBIJONES, SPECIALASSISTANT FORSPECIALPROJECTS ANDPUBLICOUTREACH, CALIFORNIADEPARTMENT OFPESTICIDEREGULATION, CALIFORNIAENVIRONMENTALPROTECTIONAGENCY Dr. Jones is recognized as a national expert in state and federal pesticide regulatory programs, and emerging regulatory issues affecting ge-
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GENETICALLY MODIFIED PEST-PROTECTED PLANTS: SCIENCE AND REGULATION netically engineered organisms. She has a strong working knowledge of evolving biotechnology regulation and genetic engineering issues. Dr. Jones is an experienced manager of science-based regulatory programs, serves as the state agency's representative at the national level, and chairs the national committee of state pesticide officials that advises US EPA on federal-state partnership issues. Dr. Jones received her Ph.D. in microbiology from Northwestern University. MORRISLEVIN, PROFESSOR, UNIVERSITY OFMARYLAND ANDBIOTECHNOLOGYINSTITUTE'SCENTER FORPUBLICISSUES INBIOTECHNOLOGY Dr. Levin has extensive experience with risk assessment for genetically engineered organisms both in the federal government and in academia. He has been employed by the Department of Defense and the Department of Interior as an environmental microbiologist. Dr. Levin was in Biotechnology Risk Assessment at the EPA and continues to do risk assessment research at the University of Maryland. He has edited several books including the recent publication Engineered Organisms in Environmental Settings: Biotechnological and Agricultural Applications (1996). Dr. Levin received his Ph.D. in Bacteriology and Biophysics from the University of Rhode Island. ERIKLICHTENBERG, PROFESSOR, DEPARTMENT OFAGRICULTURAL ANDRESOURCEECONOMICS, UNIVERSITY OFMARYLAND Dr. Lichtenberg has conducted extensive research on productivity and environmental tradeoffs of pesticide regulation, economics of pesticide regulation, and risk-reducing and risk-increasing effects of pesticide regulation. He has served as the Senior Agricultural and Natural Resources Economist on the President's Council of Economic Advisers, as a consultant to the pesticide industry and to EPA, and as an advisor to USDA and EPA. Dr. Lichtenberg received his Ph.D. in agricultural and resource economics from the University of California at Berkeley. ALLISONSNOW, ASSOCIATEPROFESSOR, DEPARTMENT OFEVOLUTION, ECOLOGY, ANDORGANISMALBIOLOGY, OHIOSTATEUNIVERSITY Dr. Snow has conducted important research on gene flow and hybridization in several crop-weed systems. Her lab uses molecular techniques to investigate transgene escape to weedy relatives of crops. Dr. Snow 's current research focuses on the effects of transgenic insect resistance on herbivory and fitness in wild sunflowers. Dr. Snow has published extensively on the ecological implications of genetically modified
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GENETICALLY MODIFIED PEST-PROTECTED PLANTS: SCIENCE AND REGULATION crops and has been an associate editor for the journals Ecology and Evolution. She served on the steering committee for the recent USDA-funded Workshop on the Ecological Effects of Pest Resistance Genes in Managed Ecosystems. Dr. Snow received her Ph.D. in Botany from the University of Massachusetts. STAFF BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION Jennifer Kuzma, Study Director, serves as Study Director for the NRC Committee on Genetically Modified Pest-Protected Plants and the Standing Committee on Biotechnology, Food and Fiber Production, and the Environment. She has conducted research in the areas of plant biochemistry, molecular biology, and microbiology. Dr. Kuzma was part of a team which identified a novel signal transduction intermediate as a trigger for plant responses to cold, drought, and salinity, and she holds a US patent for the discovery of bacterial isoprene emission. Prior to joining the NRC, she was a AAAS Science Policy Fellow at the USDA where she worked on several microbial food-safety risk assessment projects. She obtained her Ph.D. in Biochemistry from the University of Colorado at Boulder. Jamie Young, Research Associate is with the National Research Council's Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. Her interests include botany, ecology, and natural resources conservation and she is currently nearing completion of her ALB (natural sciences) degree from Harvard University Extension School. Karen L. Imhof, Project Assistant, joined the Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources in the summer of 1998. Before coming to NAS, Karen worked as a staff assistant in a variety of DC offices. Previous work experience includes the National Wildlife Federation, the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law and the Three Mile Island nuclear facility. Her personal interests include earth and social studies, reading, laughing, and beading. Derek Sweatt, Project Assistant, joined the Board on Biology in October of 1999. He earned a B.A. in Biology from Colgate University and is currently working towards his M.S. in Environmental Science at Johns Hopkins University.
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