TABLE 6-4 Vitamin E Content in Human Milk

Reference

Vitamin E Content in Milk (mg/L ± SDa)

Stage of Lactation

Kobayashi et al., 1975

7.8 (total tocopherol)

2.0 (total tocopherol)

1.8 (total tocopherol)

Days 2–7

Days 10–15

Days 30–39

Jansson et al., 1981

23.0 ± 12.6 (α-tocopherol)

10.4 ± 4.2 (α-tocopherol)

7.2 ± 3.9 (α-tocopherol)

Day 4

Days 6–10

Day 12–5th mo

Thomas et al., 1981c

20.4 ± 7.9

13.4 ± 3.9

10.2 ± 3.4

8.8 ± 2.2

9.5 ± 3.6

8.5 ± 3.6

Day 3

Day 9

Day 15

Day 21

Day 27

Day 33

Chappell et al., 1985c

15

7

5

3.5

3

Days 1–6

Day 7

2 wk

4 wk

5 wk

Lammi-Keefe et al., 1985

6.7 ± 0.5 (α-tocopherol)

4.0 ± 0.6 (α-tocopherol)

3.7 ± 0.5 (α-tocopherol)

3.7 ± 0.6 (α-tocopherol)

2 wk

6 wk

12 wk

16 wk

Ali et al., 1986

6.8

6.5

1.0–5.8

Day 1

Day 12

Days 1–12

Lammi-Keefe et al., 1990

2.3 (α-tocopherol)

0.85 (γ-tocopherol)

8 wk

Boersma et al., 1991

22 ± 14 (α-TEd)

14 ± 8 (α-TE)

8 ± 5 (α-TE)

Colostrum (0–4 d)

Transitional (5–9 d)

Mature (10 and 30 d)

a SD = standard deviation.

b HPLC = high-performance liquid chromatography.



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