Bioavailability of carotenoids from food, concentrated extracts, or synthetic products is quite variable (Figure 8-3) because a complex set of factors affects carotenoid bioavailability. Erdman et al. (1993) and Castenmiller and West (1998) described the events necessary for adequate absorption of carotenoids from the diet: (1) digestion of the food matrix, (2) formation of lipid micelles in the gastrointes
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8 •-Carotene and Other Carotenoids ."
Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,
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